George C. Yount

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George Calvert Yount
Jorge Concepción Yount
Portrait of George C. Yount (CHS-11443).jpg
BornMay 4, 1794
DiedOctober 5, 1865(1865-10-05) (aged 71)
Resting placeYountville, CA
SpouseEliza Cambridge Wilds
RelativesHarry Yount (nephew)

George Calvert Yount (May 4, 1794 – October 5, 1865), later known by his Spanish name Don Jorge Concepción Yount,[1][2][3] was a Californian ranchero, fur trapper, and entrepreneur. Born in North Carolina, he later emigrated to Alta California, where he became a Mexican citizen and acquired substantial property holdings in the Napa Valley, largely due to the influence of his friendship with General Mariano G. Vallejo.[4][5] The city of Yountville, California is named for him.

Biography[edit]

George C. Yount was born in Burke County, North Carolina, but grew up in Missouri. He fought in the War of 1812 and the Indian wars. Yount was a farmer but in 1826, after business difficulties, left his wife and three children in Missouri, and went to Santa Fe and became a fur trapper.[6]

Yount eventually made his way to California, arriving in 1831 with the Wolfskill party. He trapped sea otters on the Santa Barbara Channel Islands. He went to Sonoma in 1834, where he was employed as a carpenter by General Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo. Through the influence of Vallejo, Yount received the Rancho Caymus land grant in 1836, and became the first permanent settler in the Napa Valley. He built a cabin, or block-house and a grist-mill. In 1843 he received the Rancho La Jota land grant on Howell Mountain north of Rancho Caymus, where he built a saw-mill.[7][8] George C. Yount received a US patent on both of these grants with a total of 16,341 acres (66 km2).[9][10][11]

George Yount recounted that, in early Spring of 1847, around the time the first relief party for the Donner Party was being organized, he had a repeated dream in which he saw a struggling group of pioneers in deep snow and other striking details of their appearance and difficulties. He may have heard of the plight of the Donner Party, which had been widely-publicized by James Reed in San Francisco that winter. In Richard Henry Dana, Jr.'s 1869 'Twenty-Four Years Later', Dana writes that Yount's dream was responsible for at least part of the rescue of the Donner Party. Dana refers to it as "[Yount's] celebrated dream, thrice repeated."[12] Rev. Horace Bushnell's 1858 report of Yount's first-hand account places the location Yount saw in the dream in the wrong place from the Donner Party;[13][14] however, Dana's 'Journal of a Voyage Round the World, 1859-1860' (published in 1968) makes it clear that Yount considered the dream as a helpful spiritual communication which led to relief to the Donner Party. Yount's dream and its connection to the Donner Party are now accepted as part of George Yount's legacy.[15]

A town known as Sebastopol was laid out on the property in 1855. However, a town in nearby Sonoma County had already laid claim to this name, and the town was renamed Yountville in 1867 after George Yount’s death.

His estate remained mostly intact during his lifetime, and Yount died on his property in 1865 at the age of 71.[16]

Family[edit]

George C. Yount and Eliza Cambridge Wilds had three children: Robert Wilds Yount (1819–1850), Frances Yount (1821-1870), and Elizabeth Ann Yount (1826–1853),[17] and nine grandchildren.[18]

His nephew, Harry Yount, was a gamekeeper in Yellowstone National Park and is considered the first park ranger of the National Park Service.

Children[edit]

Yount had left his family in Missouri in 1826. His two daughters, Elizabeth Ann and Frances, along with her husband William Bartlett Vines, came west with the Walker-Chiles Party of 1843. They lived in George Yount's blockhouse on Rancho Caymus.

Grandchildren[edit]

George and Eliza had nine grandchildren:

Elizabeth Yount (1847 – April 7, 1916), only child of Robert, married Thomas Lewis Rutherford (d. 1892) in 1864.[19] George Yount gave the couple 1,040 acres (4 km2) in the northern part of Rancho Caymus as a wedding gift. Thomas Rutherford established himself as a grower and producer of high-quality wines during the late 1800s, and Rutherford, California is named for him.

Children of Frances: Mary, Ellen and George

Elizabeth Anne Davis (1847–1922), daughter of Elizabeth, married William Campbell Watson (1843–??) in 1864. In 1871, Watson purchased 78 acres of land at the base of Mount St. John, just west of Rutherford, and christened his property Inglenook, a Scottish phrase for "cozy corner" or "hearth." In 1879, the property was sold to Gustave Niebaum who later established the eponymous winery on the site.

Georgina Frances Sullivan (1853–1936), daughter of Elizabeth, married John P. Jones in 1875.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Library of Congress - To-Kalon Vineyard, 1350 Walnut Drive, Oakville, Napa County, CA Drawings from Survey HALS CA-139
  2. ^ Report of the Surveyor General of the State of California 1873
  3. ^ Historic Spots in California (1966)
  4. ^ California Wine Country (John Doerper, 2004)
  5. ^ Assembling California (John McPhee, 1966)
  6. ^ George C. Yount
  7. ^ Zoeth Skinner Eldredge, 1915, History of California Vol 2, Century History Company, New York, ISBN 978-0-7812-5030-6
  8. ^ Hoover, Mildred B.; Hero Rensch; Ethel Rensch; William N. Abeloe (1966). Historic Spots in California. Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-4482-9.
  9. ^ Report of the Surveyor General 1844 - 1886 Archived March 20, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ http://www.calarchives4u.com/history/history-napa.htm Archived 2009-03-27 at the Wayback Machine Napa History
  11. ^ Gaughan, Tim (June 19, 2009). "Where the valley met the vine: The Mexican period". Napa Valley Register. Napa, CA: Lee Enterprises, Inc. Retrieved September 30, 2011.
  12. ^ Dana, Richard Henry, Jr. (1869). Twenty-Four Years Later, Bartleby.com, p. 48. Dana's "John" Yount may have been George Yount's familiar name.
  13. ^ Bushnell writes that Yount said that he saw the sufferers near a "huge perpendicular front of white rock cliff," which an "old hunter comrade" identified as a location in the Carson Valley Pass – south of Lake Tahoe and far from the actual location of the stranded Donner Party. 'Nature and the Supernatural' (1858), pp. 475–476.
  14. ^ Camp, Charles L. and Yount, George C. (April 1923) "The Chronicles of George C. Yount: California Pioneer of 1826," California Historical Society Quarterly, Vol. II, No. 1, pp. 63–64. JSTOR 25177691
  15. ^ "George Calvert Yount (1794-1865) - Find A Grave Memorial". Find a Grave.
  16. ^ Grave of George C. Yount
  17. ^ George Calvert Yount and Eliza Cambridge Wilds
  18. ^ Descendants of George Calvert Yount
  19. ^ Thomas Lewis Rutherford and Elizabeth Yount
  • Yount, Lewis, and Clark, 1966, George C. Yount and his Chronicles of the West, Old West Publishing Co, Denver
  • Ellen Lamont Wood,1941, George Yount:The Kindly Host of Caymus Rancho, Grabhorn Press, San Francisco

External links[edit]