George Cabot (senator)

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George Cabot
George Cabot.jpg
United States Senator
from Massachusetts
In office
March 4, 1791 – June 9, 1796
Preceded by Tristram Dalton
Succeeded by Benjamin Goodhue
Personal details
Born (1752-12-03)December 3, 1752
Salem, Massachusetts
Died April 18, 1823(1823-04-18) (aged 70)
Boston, Massachusetts
Political party Pro-Administration
Children Charles Cabot
Henry Cabot
Edward Cabot
Elizabeth Cabot
Parents Joseph Cabot
Elizabeth Higginson
Alma mater Harvard University
Occupation Merchant

George Cabot (December 3, 1752 – April 18, 1823)[1] was an American merchant, seaman, and politician from Boston. He represented Massachusetts in the U.S. Senate and as the Presiding Officer of the Hartford Convention.

In 1789, President George Washington breakfasted at Cabot's Beverly, Massachusetts home when he was in town inspecting the country's first cotton mill and the newly constructed Essex Bridge that connected Beverly with Salem.[2]

Early life[edit]

Cabot was born in Salem, Massachusetts.[1] His father was Joseph Cabot, a ship merchant. His mother was Elizabeth Higginson.[3] He had ten siblings,[3] three being: Capt. John Cabot (b. 1745), Joseph Cabot Jr. (b. 1746), and Samuel Cabot (b. 1758).

Cabot attended Harvard College for two years before dropping out to go to sea.


By the age of twenty-one, he was captain of his own ship.


A member of the Pro-Administration Party and a Federalist, Cabot's political career began in 1775, when he became a member of the Massachusetts Provincial Congress. In 1777, he was a delegate to the state constitutional convention. In 1787, Cabot was a Delegate to the state convention that ratified the United States Constitution. He was elected a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1788.[4] He was elected (as "Pro-Administration") to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1791 to June 9, 1796. In 1798, Cabot was appointed but declined to be the first United States Secretary of the Navy. He also became a delegate to the Hartford Convention of 1814.

Personal life[edit]

He had four children: Charles, Henry, Edward, and Elizabeth.[3] Through Henry, Cabot was a great-grandfather of Henry Cabot Lodge.[3]

Cabot died in Boston, Massachusetts in 1823, and was interred in the Mount Auburn Cemetery in Cambridge, Massachusetts.


  1. ^ a b "CABOT, George, (1752 - 1823)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved July 28, 2011. 
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b c d Lodge, Henry Cabot (1878). Life and Letters of George Cabot. Little, Brown and Company. Retrieved January 11, 2012.  Pg. 8, 323, 568
  4. ^ "Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter C" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved July 28, 2014. 

External links[edit]

United States Senate
Preceded by
Tristram Dalton
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Massachusetts
Served alongside: Caleb Strong
Succeeded by
Benjamin Goodhue