George Carter-Campbell

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George Carter-Campbell
Born 1869
Edinburgh, Scotland
Died 1921 (aged 51 or 52)
London, England
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Years of service 1889-1921
Rank Major General (1915)
Unit Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)
Commands held 2nd Battalion, Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)
94th Brigade
51st (Highland) Division
Battles/wars Second Boer War
World War I
Awards Order of the Bath
Distinguished Service Order
Order of St. Stanislaus
Légion d'honneur
Croix du Commandeur
Mentioned in dispatches
Relations Thomas Carter (Rt. Hon., M.P., Secretary of State and Master of the Rolls),
General George Campbell of Inverneill, C.B., K.A
Admiral John Carter,
Colonel Alexander Campbell of Possil,
Major General Sir Archibald Campbell,
General Sir James Campbell of Inverneill,
Colonel Duncan Carter-Campbell of Possil,
Willoughby Harcourt Carter

Major General George Tupper Campbell Carter-Campbell, CB, DSO[1] (see Carter-Campbell of Possil) (1869–1921), was a senior British Army officer.

Military career[edit]

Carter-Campbell entered the Royal Military College, Sandhurst and was commissioned on 23 October 1889 as a second lieutenant into the Cameronians (Scottish Rifles). In the next decade he was promoted to lieutenant on 29 April 1892, and to captain on 2 November 1897. He served in the Second Boer War (1899–1902) as adjutant of the 2nd Battalion, which took part in the Ladysmith Relief Force, where he was present at the battles of Colenso (December 1899), Spion Kop (January 1900), Vaal Krantz and the Tugela Heights (February 1900). They served in Natal March to June 1900, then in Transvaal east of Pretoria July to November 1900.[2] For his services he was promoted brevet major on 29 November 1900, and twice mentioned in despatches.[3] Following the end of hostilities in South Africa, he returned to the United Kingdom in August 1902,[4]

Major General Carter-Campbell (middle) in a trench with two fellow officers, sometime in 1918.

On the outbreak of World War I, Carter-Campbell proceeded to France[5] with the 8th Division as second-in-command of the 2nd Battalion, Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)[6] and was wounded during the Battle of Neuve Chapelle[7] on 10 March 1915,[8] being awarded the Distinguished Service Order and also the Order of St. Stanislaus. He subsequently commanded the battalion until 23 September 1915, when he was promoted brigadier general to command the 94th Infantry Brigade. While holding the latter command, he was gazetted brevet lieutenant colonel and finally Brevet-Colonel.[9]

He assumed command of the 51st (Highland) Division[10] on 17 March 1918, taking over from Major General George Montague Harper, and was its GOC until he was transferred to the Rhine to take command of a brigade there, shortly before the division preceded home for demobilization. While in command of the 51st Division, Carter-Campbell was awarded the C.B. and the French Legion of Honour (Croix du Commandeur).[11]

The dedication to Major General Carter-Campbell in the Royal Memorial Chapel at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst.

Major General Carter-Campbell was wounded during the First World War. After the war had ended, and he had recovered sufficiently, he was made GOC Northern Ireland in 1920.[12]

Family[edit]

Maj.-Gen. George Tupper Campbell Carter-Campbell was the son of Colonel Thomas Tupper Carter-Campbell J.P. (formerly Carter) (1838 - 1900). He married Frances Elizabeth Ward. They had two children, Dorothy Catherine Carter-Campbell b. 29 Oct 1909 and Duncan Maclachlan Carter-Campbell, 8th of Possil (5 Dec 1911 - Jan 1990).[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Imperial War Museum (Great Britain), Malcolm Brown (1996). The Imperial War Museum book of the Somme. Sidgwick & Jackson, in association with the Imperial War Museum. 
  2. ^ Hart′s Army list, 1903
  3. ^ Arthur Mumby, Frank; David Hannay (1996). The great World War: a history. Volume 8. Gresham. 
  4. ^ "The War - Return of Troops". The Times (36842). London. 9 August 1902. p. 11. 
  5. ^ Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons (1920). The Parliamentary debates (official report).: House of Commons. H.M.S.O. 
  6. ^ William Sheehan (2009). Hearts & mines: the British 5th Division, Ireland, 1920-1922. Collins Press. 
  7. ^ Who was who: a companion to Who's who : containing the biographies of those who died during the period. A. & C. Black. 1967. 
  8. ^ Moore, William (1970). The forgotten victor: General Sir Richard O'Connor, KT, GCB, DSO, MC,. Leo Cooper Ltd. 
  9. ^ Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1920). A history of the great war, Volume 6. George H. Doran company. 
  10. ^ Malcolm Baynes, John Christopher (1989). The forgotten victor: General Sir Richard O'Connor, KT, GCB, DSO, MC,. Brassey's. 
  11. ^ James E. Edmonds (1995). Military Operations, France and Belgium, 1918. Issue 37 of Great War Series. Battery Press. 
  12. ^ Arthur Grenfell Wauchope (1926). A history of the Black Watch Royal Highlanders in the great war, 1914-1918. Volume 2. The Medici society limited. 

External links[edit]

See also[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
George Harper
GOC 51st (Highland) Division
1918–1919
Succeeded by
Post disbanded