George Charles D'Aguilar

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Sir George d'Aguilar
George Charles D'Aguilar.jpg
D'Aguilar, c. 1845
Born January 1784
Died 21 May 1855 (aged 71)
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Rank Major-general
Commands held Commander and Lieutenant Governor of Hong Kong
South-West District
Battles/wars Walcheren Campaign
Hundred Days
Expedition to Canton
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath

Major-General Sir George Charles d'Aguilar, KCB (Chinese: 德忌笠; Sidney Lau: Dak1 Gei6 Lap1 or Chinese: 己立; Sidney Lau: Gei2 Laap6); January 1784 – 21 May 1855), was a British Army officer who served as Lieutenant Governor of Hong Kong (1843–1848).

Background[edit]

He was born the son of Solomon d'Aguilar (1752–1817) of Liverpool and Margaret Gillmer (1753–1829). The d'Aguilars were a military family directly descended from Baron Diego d'Aguilar, a Jewish nobleman and businessman in the court of Maria Theresa of Austria. His first cousin and contemporary, Lieutenant-Colonel George Thomas d'Aguilar (1783–1839) married Catherine Burton, aunt of the noted explorer Sir Richard Francis Burton. Ephraim Lópes Pereira d'Aguilar, 2nd Baron d'Aguilar was an uncle.

Military service[edit]

He entered the army in 1799 as an ensign with the 86th (Royal County Down) Regiment of Foot which was stationed in India.[1] He remained there until 1808, and during that time served for three years as Adjutant of the 86th Foot (consisting of nearly the whole of Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley's administration) and two years on the general staff of the army, as brigade major.[1]

He was with the regiment at the reduction of various forts in the Malwa and Guzerat districts and at Gerard Lake, 1st Viscount Lake's unsuccessful assaults on Bharatpur, India.[2] Having been promoted to a company in the 81st, he returned to England in May, 1809, and the following month embarked for Walcheren. After the fall of Flushing, Netherlands he was appointed aide-de-camp to Lieutenant-General Mahon, afterwards Lord Hartland, until he returned to England with the cavalry under Mahon. In 1809 he married Eliza, second daughter of Peter Drinkwater of Irwell House, Lancashire.[1]

He was subsequently on the staff as assistant adjutant-general in Sicily, where he was sent by Lord William Bentinck on a military mission to the court of Ali Pasha at Ioannina and Constantinople. He also served as military secretary to the army on the Eastern coast of Spain under Sir John Murray, 8th Baronet and Sir William Henry Clinton.[1]

In 1813 he was appointed a major in the Greek Light Infantry and took command of the regiment prior to the final reduction of the Greek Islands. In 1815 he joined Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington's army and was present at the capture of Paris. In 1817 he was appointed a major with the Rifle Brigade and placed on half-pay.[2]

Altogether d'Aguilar served for twenty six years on the general staff, during eight of which he was assistant adjutant-general at the Horse Guards, principally under Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany, and for twelve years assistant adjutant-general of the army in Ireland. In 1841, he was promoted to major-general.[2]

Lieutenant-Governor of Hong Kong[edit]

As Commander of the British troops in China, D'Aguilar arrived in Hong Kong on the HMS Castor on 27 December 1843. He was appointed Lieutenant Governor of Hong Kong on 11 January 1844.[3]:32[2] The Headquarter House (renamed to Flagstaff House) in Hong Kong Park was built for him in 1846.[4] He commanded the 1847 Expedition to Canton, which captured the forts of the Canton River from the Bocca Tigris to the city of Canton. The following year, 1848, he returned to England and was given the colonelcy of the 58th (Rutlandshire) Regiment of Foot.

In 1851 he was appointed to command South-West District, remaining in that post until 1852.[1] He died in London on 21 May 1855.[5]

D'Aguilar was a water-colour artist of professional standard.

Namesakes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "D'Aguilar, Sir George Charles". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 2 December 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d Chandler, David (2002). "Napoleon's Military Maxims". Greenhill. ISBN 978-1853675126. 
  3. ^ Norton-Kyshe, James William (1898). History of the Laws and Courts of Hong Kong. London: T Fisher Unwin. 
  4. ^ Eric Cavaliero, Proud house on a hill, The Standard, 16 January 1997
  5. ^ Bloomfield, Frena (1984). Hong Kong's Street Names and Their Origins. Vol.1. Urban Council, Hong Kong. ASIN B000HZIVAE. OCLC 320407030. 
  6. ^ "Caboolture Town History". Retrieved 6 May 2008. 
Military offices
Preceded by
New Post
Commander and Lieutenant Governor of Hong Kong
1843–1848
Succeeded by
William Staveley
Preceded by
Lord Frederick FitzClarence
GOC South-West District
1851–1852
Succeeded by
Sir James Simpson
Preceded by
Frederick Maitland
Colonel of the 58th (Rutlandshire) Regiment of Foot
1848–1851
Succeeded by
Edward Buckley Wynyard