George Cholmondeley, 4th Marquess of Cholmondeley

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The Most Honourable
The Marquess of Cholmondeley
PC, DL
George Henry Hugh Cholmondeley, 4th Marquess.jpg
Lord Great Chamberlain of England
In office
1901–1910
Preceded by 3rd Earl of Cholmondeley
Succeeded by 5th Marquess of Cholmondeley
Personal details
Born George Henry Hugh Cholmondeley
(1858-07-03)3 July 1858
Kirtlington Park, Oxfordshire
Died 16 March 1923(1923-03-16) (aged 39)
Nationality British
Spouse(s) Winifred Ida Kingscote
Children 3
Residence Houghton Hall
Cholmondeley Castle

George Henry Hugh Cholmondeley, 4th Marquess of Cholmondeley PC, DL (/ˈʌmli/; 3 July 1858 – 16 March 1923) was a British peer and a hereditary joint Lord Great Chamberlain of England. He exercised the office of Lord Great Chamberlain during the reign of King Edward VII (1901-1910).

Biography[edit]

Cholmondeley was a direct descendant of Sir Robert Walpole, the first Prime Minister of Great Britain.

He was born at Kirtlington Park, Oxfordshire, the eldest son of George Cholmondeley, Viscount Malpas and Susan Caroline Dashwood.[1]

As his father died prior to his grandfather, Cholmondeley succeeded to his grandfather's land, estates and title upon his death in 1884. He was styled Marquess of Cholmondeley and Earl of Rockford in the peerage of the United Kingdom; Earl Cholmondeley, Viscount Malpas and Baron Cholmondeley in the peerage of England, Baron Newburgh in the peerage of Great Britain, and Viscount Cholmondeley and Baron Newborough in the peerage of Ireland.

He was a Lieutenant in the service of the Cheshire Yeomanry. Later, he held the office of Deputy Lieutenant of Norfolk.[1]

Lands and estates[edit]

He inherited approximately 34,000 acres (140 km2) of land from his grandfather. The family seats are Houghton Hall, Norfolk, and Cholmondeley Castle, which is surrounded by a 7,500 acres (30 km2) estate near Malpas, Cheshire.[2]

The Cholmondeleys bought Wenbans near Wadhurst in Sussex in the mid-1890s. After major restoration work in the 1920s and 1930s, the rustic farm only 50 miles (80 km) from London was reported to have been used as a romantic getaway by the Prince of Wales (later Edward VIII).[3]

Position at court[edit]

One moiety part of the ancient office of Lord Great Chamberlain is a Cholmondeley inheritance.[4] This hereditary honour came into the Cholmondeley family through the marriage of the first Marquess of Cholmondeley to Lady Georgiana Charlotte Bertie, daughter of Peregrine Bertie, 3rd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven.[5] The second, fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh holders of the marquessate have all held this office, which changes between the heirs of the two daughters of the Duke with each new reign.

The 4th Marquess of Cholmondeley was appointed to the office in September 1901,[6] after the succession of King Edward VII earlier that year. He held the office until the King died and was succeeded by his son King George V in 1910. Cholmondeley was invested as a Privy Counsellor on 24 July 1901.[7]

Family[edit]

Cholmondeley married Winifred Ida Kingscote on 16 July 1879 at St George's, Hanover Square in Hanover Square, London.[8] Cholmondeley's bride was the daughter of Colonel Sir Robert Nigel Fitzhardinge Kingscote and Lady Emily Marie Curzon, and the granddaughter of the Richard Curzon-Howe, 1st Earl Howe.[1]

The children of that marriage were:

  • Lady Lettice Joan Cholmondeley (23 May 1882 – 2 November 1946)
  • Sir George Horatio Charles Cholmondeley (19 May 1883 – 16 September 1968)
  • Lt. Col. Lord George Hugo Cholmondeley, O.B.E. (17 October 1887 – 26 August 1958)[9]

Death[edit]

On 20 February 1923, Cholmondeley was thrown from his horse while riding at Cholmondeley Castle. The horse tripped over a tree root and rolled over its rider. [10] He had suffered a broken thigh and other injuries but seemed to be making progress. He died unexpectedly three weeks later at just 39; his death was attributed to heart failure. It was his fourth serious accident in 15 years. In an obituary, The Times wrote that the marquess "was first and foremost a sportsman... despite his experience and mastery of horsemanship, he was a very unlucky rider."[1]

His son, George Horatio, succeeded him as Marquess of Cholmondeley.

Further reading[edit]

  • 1886 -- Descriptive particulars with views and plans of the "Houghton" Estate, Norfolk : a princely domain, containing in its entirety about 17,000 acres London: Dryden Press. OCLC 22960239

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Lord Cholmondeley (obituary)". The Times (The Times Digital Archive): 12. 17 March 1923. 
  2. ^ Caroline, Donald. "The new garden at Houghton Hall, King’s Lynn, Norfolk," The Times (UK). 11 May 2008.
  3. ^ Wenbans; Sussex Archaeological Society. (1924). Sussex Archaeological Collections, p. 259.
  4. ^ Notes and Queries (1883 Jan-Jun), p. 42.
  5. ^ Portcullis: Deed of Covenant and Agreement between Lord Willoughby de Eresby, The Dowager Marchioness of Cholmondeley and the Marquis of Cholmondeley re the exercise of the Office of Hereditary Great Chamberlain (16 May 1829).
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27351. p. 5810. 3 September 1901.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27338. p. 4919. 26 July 1901.
  8. ^ "Court Circular". The Times (The Times Digital Archive). 17 July 1879. p. 8. 
  9. ^ "Lord George Cholmondeley (obituary)". The Times (The Times Digital Archive): 10. 27 August 1958. 
  10. ^ "Hunting Accident To Lord Cholmondeley". The Times (The Times Digital Archive): 11. 21 February 1923. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
William Cholmondeley
Marquess of Cholmondeley
1884–1923
Succeeded by
George Cholmondeley