George Cholmondeley, 5th Marquess of Cholmondeley
|The Most Honourable
The Marquess of Cholmondeley
Earl of Rocksavage, circa 1913
|Lord Great Chamberlain of England|
1936, 1952 – 1966
|Preceded by||George Cholmondeley, 4th Marquess of Cholmondeley|
|Succeeded by||Hugh Cholmondeley, 6th Marquess of Cholmondeley|
|Born||George Horatio Charles Cholmondeley
19 May 1883
|Died||6 September 1968(aged 85)|
|Spouse(s)||Sybil Sassoon, Marchioness of Cholmondeley|
George Horatio Charles Cholmondeley, 5th Marquess of Cholmondeley GCVO (//; 19 May 1883 – 16 September 1968), styled Earl of Rocksavage from birth until 1923, was a British peer. He was the Lord Great Chamberlain of England in 1936 and also between 1952 and 1966.
Cholmondeley was a direct descendant of Sir Robert Walpole, the first Prime Minister of Great Britain. He was born in Cholmondeley Castle Malpas, Cheshire, the son of George Cholmondeley, 4th Marquess of Cholmondeley and Winifred Ida Kingscote. In the years before he succeeded to his father's title, he was a well-known tennis and polo player.
He was also an authority on penmanship, championing a script which became known as the "Cholmondeley Italic," and was the first president of the Society for Italic Handwriting. In 1950, he established the Cholmondeley Prize, a handwriting contest between the students of Eton and Harrow. Winchester joined in 1952 and the schools have continued the annual competition since.
Cholmondeley fought in the Second Boer War (1899–1901), serving as a "Railway Staff Officer", first with the Royal Sussex Regiment and from October 1901 as Second Lieutenant of the 9th Lancers. In 1905, he attained the rank of Lieutenant in the 9th Lancers. He was Aide-de-Camp to the Viceroy of India, and he fought in the First World War, during which he gained the rank of Captain in the 9th Lancers.
Cholmondeley succeeded to his father's land, estates and title in 1923, and his inherited title became Marquess of Cholmondeley. In the 1953 Coronation Honours, he was made a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order.
Lands and estates
The Cholmondeleys bought Wenbans near Wadhurst in Sussex in the mid-1890s. After major restoration work in the 1920s and 1930s, the rustic farm only 50 miles (80 km) from London was reported to have been used as a romantic getaway by the Prince of Wales, who later became Edward VIII. The property was sold around the time of the abdication crisis of 1936 and the accession of George VI.
Position at court
One moiety part of the ancient office of Lord Great Chamberlain is a Cholmondeley inheritance. This hereditary honour came into the Cholmondeley family through the marriage of the first Marquess of Cholmondeley to Lady Georgiana Charlotte Bertie, daughter of Peregrine Bertie, 3rd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven. The second, fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh holders of the marquessate have all held this office.
The wealth of the Cholmondeley family was greatly enhanced by Cholmondeley's marriage to Sybil Sassoon (1894–1989), a member of the Sassoon family and the Rothschild family, Jewish banking families, with origins in Baghdad, India, Germany, and France. She was heiress to her brother Sir Philip Sassoon. The couple were married on 6 August 1913, and they had two sons and one daughter:
- Lady Aline Caroline Cholmondeley (5 October 1916 – 30 June 2015)
- George Henry Hugh, 6th Marquess of Cholmondeley (24 April 1919 – 1990)
- Lord John George Cholmondeley (15 November 1920 – October 1986)
His great-grandson is actor Jack Huston.
- 1953 – A Handlist of the Cholmondeley (Houghton) MSS.: Sir Robert Walpole's archive (with Gilbert Allen Chinnery). Cambridge: Cambridge University Library. OCLC 3372466
- 1959 – The Houghton Pictures: by kind permission of The Marquess and Marchioness of Cholmondeley, [Exhibition] in aid of King George's Fund for Sailors, 6 May – 6 June 1959. London: Thomas Agnew & Sons. OCLC 222289892
- Cholmondeley Award (poetry), established by the marchioness in 1966
- "Obituary: Lord Cholmondeley, Former Lord Great Chamberlain". The Times. The Times Digital Archive: 10. 18 September 1968.
- The London Gazette: . 24 July 1936. Retrieved 26 September 2015.
- The London Gazette: . 13 June 1952. Retrieved 26 September 2015.
- Art in Parliament, "George Horatio Charles Cholmondeley, 5th Marquess of Cholmondeley," oil painting by Henry Carr. Catalogue number:WOA 1707, description excerpt, "... Chamberlain in 1936 and from 1952–66."
- "Lord Cholmondeley Dies; Fourth Marquess Was Father of Earl of Rocksavage, Polo Player," New York. 17 March 1923.
- Robin Treffgarne (17 July 2009). "A Tribute to Lord Cholmondeley". Society for Italic Handwriting. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
- The London Gazette: . 18 October 1901. Retrieved 26 September 2015.
- The London Gazette: . 29 August 1905. Retrieved 26 September 2015.
- The London Gazette: . 25 November 1914. Retrieved 26 September 2015.
- The London Gazette: . 1 June 1953. Retrieved 26 September 2015.
- Caroline, Donald. "The new garden at Houghton Hall, King’s Lynn, Norfolk," The Times (UK). 11 May 2008.
- Wenbans; Sussex Archaeological Society. (1924). Sussex Archaeological Collections, p. 259.
- Notes and Queries (1883 January–June), p. 42.
- Portcullis Archived 20 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine.: Deed of Covenant and Agreement between Lord Willoughby de Eresby, The Dowager Marchioness of Cholmondeley and the Marquis of Cholmondeley re the exercise of the Office of Hereditary Great Chamberlain (16 May 1829).
- The London Gazette: . 10 November 1937. Retrieved 26 September 2015.
- Hereditary Titles: Marquess of Cholmondeley
- Peter Stansky (2003). Sassoon: The Worlds of Philip and Sybil. Yale University Press. p. xiv. ISBN 0-300-09547-3.
- England and Wales, Death Registration Index 1837-2007; General Register Office, Southport, England
- John Debrett, Charles Kidd, David Williamson. (1990). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage. New York: Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-333-38847-1
- Stansky, Peter. (2003). Sassoon: the worlds of Philip and Sybil. x:. ISBN 978-0-300-09547-0
- Peter Stansky (2003). Sassoon: The Worlds of Philip and Sybil. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-09547-3.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Marquess of Cholmondeley
- Houghton Hall
- Cholmondeley Castle
|Lord Great Chamberlain
The 2nd Earl of Ancaster
The 3rd Earl of Ancaster
|Lord Great Chamberlain
The 6th Marquess of Cholmondeley
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|Marquess of Cholmondeley