||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (January 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|Born||Gheorghe Pană Constantin
June 7, 1883
|Died||May 8, 1968
|Resting place||Bellu Cemetery|
|Other names||Gheorghe Constantinescu Ciprian|
George Ciprian (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈd͡ʒe̯ord͡ʒe t͡ʃipriˈan]; born Gheorghe Pană Constantin [ˈɡe̯orɡe ˈpanə konstanˈtin]; June 7, 1883 - 8 May 1968) was a Romanian actor and playwright. His writings make him a precursor of the Theatre of the Absurd.
Born in Buzău to a Greek baker's family, he attended primary school in Glodeanu-Siliștea, a commune near Buzău, after which moved to Bucharest with his mother. There, he attended Gheorghe Lazăr High School, together with Vasile Voiculescu, a future poet who had been born near Buzău, and Urmuz, an absurdist writer.
His stage debut took place in 1907 at the Craiova National Theatre, as Şoltuz in Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu's Răzvan şi Vidra. He would star in a multitude of theater performances in theatres throughout Romania, as well as acting in several movies.
Ciprian died in Bucharest. The only theatre in his native city, Buzău, bears his name — was inaugurated in 1996 with a representation of Omul cu mârţoaga.
His first play, Omul cu mârţoaga (The Man and His Old Crock) had its premiere in 1927, and became very successful. His best known play is Capul de răţoi (The Drake's Head), written in 1938, and acknowledged as an early example of absurdist theatre, which draws on his adolescence and friendship with Urmuz.
Late in his life, he authored an autobiography, Măscărici şi Mâzgălici (translatable as "Jester and Scribbler"), which notably contains versions of several texts by Urmuz (as memorized by Ciprian), as well as details on the latter's final years.
- Omul cu mârţoaga (The Man and His Old Crock), 1927
- Nae Niculae, 1928
- Capul de răţoi (The Drake's Head), 1938
- Ioachim - prietenul poporului (Ioachim - Friend of the People), 1947
- Un lup mâncat de oaie (A Wolf Eaten by a Sheep), 1947