George Clarke

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George Clarke
George Clarke (1661-1736), studio of Godfrey Kneller.jpg
George Clarke (1661-1736)
(Studio of Godfrey Kneller)
Secretary at War
In office
1690–1704
MonarchWilliam III
Preceded byWilliam Blathwayt
Succeeded byHenry St John
Personal details
Born7 May 1661
Died22 October 1736 (aged 75)
Alma materBrasenose College, Oxford

George Clarke (7 May 1661 – 22 October 1736), of All Souls, Oxford, was an English architect, print collector and Tory politician who sat in the English and British House of Commons between 1702 and 1736.

Life[edit]

The son of Sir William Clarke, he enrolled at Brasenose College, Oxford in 1676. He was elected a Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford in 1680. He was returned in a contested by-election on 23 November 1685 as Member of Parliament for Oxford University, but never took his seat as Parliament had been prorogued.[1] He became Judge Advocate to the Army and was Secretary at War in Ireland from 1690 to 1692 and in England from 1693 to 1704 under William III of England and Queen Anne. He served as secretary to Prince George of Denmark, Queen Anne's consort and the Lord High Admiral and Generalissimo of England.[2]

Clarke was returned as Member of Parliament for Winchelsea at the 1702 English general election, coinciding with his office as Joint Secretary of the Admiralty. At the 1705 English general election he was returned as MP for East Looe. He was not nominated for a seat at the 1708 British general election. He was returned in a by-election on 29 May 1711 as MP for Launceston from 1711. He did not stand at the 1713 British general election. Over the latter period he was Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty from 20 December 1710 until 14 October 1714, when he was dismissed following the accession of George I.[2]

Clarke returned to the House of Commons as MP for Oxford University at a by-election on 4 December 1717. He was reelected in the general elections of 1722, 1727 and 1734. By the time of his last election in 1734 he had lost his left eye and was losing sight in the other. [3]

He was also an amateur architect.[4] His known work is largely confined to Oxford, (Clayton's DNB entry for Clarke offers more detail of his architectural endeavours) and he is known to have designed buildings and also to have collaborated with Nicholas Hawksmoor, amongst others.

Timothy Clayton discusses Clarke's print collection, noting “John Vanburgh, Alexander Pope and George Vertue travelled to Oxford to use his library with its unique collection of notes and drawings by [Inigo] Jones” (Clayton 1992, p. 124).

The library of Worcester College, Oxford houses Clarke's collection of books, MSS, prints and drawings. Building work on the library, which was started within a few years of the college's founding in 1714, was completed in 1736. A spat between Clarke and All Souls resulted in the bequest to Worcester.

List of architectural works[edit]

The library in the Peckwater Quad, Christ Church, Oxford (1717–38)

Rebuilt The Queen's College, Oxford, with Hawksmoor (1710–21)

The New Buildings, Magdalen College, Oxford (1733)

The Hall, Chapel and Library, Worcester College, Oxford (1733–1753)

The Rectory, Kingston Bagpuize (c.1723)

Cokethorpe House, alterations (c.1710)

Gallery of architectural work[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CLARKE, George (1661-1736), of All Souls College, Oxford". History of Parliament Online (1660-1690). Retrieved 25 May 2019.
  2. ^ a b "CLARKE, George (1661-1736), of All Souls, Oxford". History of Parliament Online (1690-1715). Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  3. ^ "CLARKE, George (1661-1736), of All Souls, Oxford". History of Parliament Online (1715-1754). Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  4. ^ page 216, A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects 1600-1840, Howard Colvin 2nd edition 1978 John Murray

Clayton, T. (1992) “The Print Collection of George Clarke at Worcester College, Oxford”. Print Quarterly 9(2) 123–141.

George Clarke Print Collection

Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs

http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1715-1754/member/clarke-george-1661-1736

Further reading[edit]

Clayton, T. (1997) The English Print 1688–1802. Yale University Press. London.

Clayton, T. (2004) "Clarke, George (1661–1736)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press, 2004. Online edition. DOI: http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/5496

Parliament of England
Preceded by
John Hayes
Robert Austen
Member of Parliament for Winchelsea
1702–1705
With: James Hayes
Succeeded by
George Dodington
James Hayes
Preceded by
Sir John Pole, Bt
Sir Henry Seymour, Bt
Member of Parliament for East Looe
1705–1707
With: Sir Henry Seymour, Bt
Succeeded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Parliament of England
Member of Parliament for East Looe
1707–1708
With: Sir Henry Seymour, Bt
Succeeded by
Harry Trelawny
Sir Henry Seymour, Bt
Preceded by
Lord Hyde
Francis Scobell
Member of Parliament for Launceston
1711–1713
With: Francis Scobell
Succeeded by
Edward Herle
John Anstis
Preceded by
Sir William Whitelock
William Bromley
Member of Parliament for Oxford University
1717–1736
With: William Bromley 1717–1732
Viscount Cornbury 1732–1736
Succeeded by
Viscount Cornbury
William Bromley