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Portrait by Charles Willson Peale
March 16, 1739|
|Died||January 23, 1813
|Known for||Founding Father of the United States|
George Clymer (March 16, 1739 – January 23, 1813) was an American politician and founding father. He was one of the first Patriots to advocate complete independence from Britain. As a Pennsylvania representative, Clymer was, along with five others, a signatory of both the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution. He attended the Continental Congress, and served in political office until the end of his life.
Early life and family
Clymer was born in Philadelphia on 16 March 1739. Orphaned when only a year old, he was apprenticed to his maternal aunt and uncle, Hannah and William Coleman, to prepare to become a merchant. It is now a matter of public record that before he married Elizabeth Meredith on March 22, 1765, he had at least one other child that has gone unnoticed by previous historians. In Mr.Jerry Grunfest’s doctoral dissertation for Columbia University, which was later published as "George Clymer, Philadelphia Revolutionary 1739 to 1813;" published in 1973; Located on page 32 and 33, Mr.Grundfest recites a letter written by George Clymer to the rector of Christ Church, the Reverend Richard Peter’s stating the existence of this child. It does not state the child nor mother's name but nonetheless there is at least one other child of George Clymer and the possibility of more. George Clymer and Elizabeth Meredith had nine children, four of whom died in infancy. His oldest surviving son, Henry (born 1767), married the Philadelphia socialite Mary Willing Clymer in 1794. John Meredith, Margaret, George, and Ann also survived to adulthood, though John Meredith was killed in the Whiskey Rebellion in 1787 at the age of 18.
Clymer was a patriot and leader in the demonstrations in Philadelphia resulting from the Tea Act and the Stamp Act. He became a member of the Philadelphia Committee of Safety in 1773, and was elected to the Continental Congress 1776–1780. Clymer shared the responsibility of being treasurer of the Continental Congress with Michael Hillegas, later the first Treasurer of the United States. He served ably on several committees during his first congressional term and was sent with Sampson Mathews to inspect the northern army on behalf of Congress in the fall of 1776. When Congress fled Philadelphia in the face of Sir Henry Clinton's threatened occupation, Clymer stayed behind with George Walton and Robert Morris. Clymer’s business ventures during and after war served to increase his wealth. In 1779 and 1780, Clymer and his son Meredith engaged in a lucrative trade with St. Eustatius.
He resigned from Congress in 1777 and, in 1780, was elected to a seat in the Pennsylvania Legislature. In 1782, he was sent on a tour of the southern states in a vain attempt to get the legislatures to pay up on subscriptions due to the central government. He was reelected to the Pennsylvania legislature in 1784, and represented his state at the Constitutional Convention in 1787. He was elected to the first U.S. Congress in 1789.
He was the first president of the Philadelphia Bank and the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts and vice-president of the Philadelphia Agricultural Society. When Congress passed a bill imposing a duty on spirits distilled in the United States in 1791, Clymer was placed as head of the excise department in the state of Pennsylvania. He was also one of the commissioners to negotiate a treaty with the Creek Indian confederacy at Coleraine, Georgia on June 29, 1796. He is considered the benefactor of Indiana Borough, as it was he who donated the property for a county seat in Indiana County, Pennsylvania.
Clymer, Indiana County, Pennsylvania was named in his honor as was Clymer, New York. There is a George Clymer Elementary School in the School District of Philadelphia. This school has educated majority children of color[further explanation needed] following Clymer's legacy of rights for all people.
In Reading, Pennsylvania, Clymer Street is named in honor of George Clymer. At its intersection with Hill Road once stood the mansion of William H. Luden, who founded Luden's in Reading in 1879. That mansion later hosted Central Catholic—a now-defunct Roman Catholic parochial high school.
In the Leedom Estates section of Ridley Township, Pennsylvania, Clymer Lane is named after George Clymer.
- Carpenter, Louis Henry (1912). Samuel Carpenter and his descendants. J.B. Lippincott. p. 257.
- Burnell, George Clymer the Signer
- Pieper, Thomas, and Gidney, James (1980). Fort Laurens, 1778–1779: The Revolutionary War in Ohio. Kent State University Press, p 13. https://books.google.com/books?id=9aoJVOjymwIC&dq=%22sampson+matthews%22&source=gbs_navlinks_s Retrieved March 2, 2013.
- "History of USS George Clymer (APA-27)".
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 85.
- ancestry.com Burnell, Jim. George Clymer the Signer (accessed 16 October 2011)
- Grundfest, Jerry. "George Clymer, Philadelphia Revolutionary, 1739–1813". Ph.D. diss., Columbia University, 1973.
- United States Congress. "George Clymer (id: C000538)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Biography by Rev. Charles A. Goodrich, 1856
- George Clymer Bio
- Biography and portrait at the University of Pennsylvania
- George Clymer at Find a Grave
- George Clymer biography, from the website of The Society of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence
- George Clymer biography, from the website of the Pennsylvania Center for the Book
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's at-large congressional district
alongside: Thomas Fitzsimons, Frederick A. C. Muhlenberg, Thomas Hartley, Thomas Scott, Henry Wynkoop, Daniel Hiester and Peter G. Muhlenberg
At large on a general ticket:
Thomas Fitzsimons, Frederick A. C. Muhlenberg, Thomas Hartley, Israel Jacobs, John W. Kittera, Daniel Hiester, William Findley, and Andrew Gregg