George Croghan (soldier)
November 15, 1791|
|Died||January 8, 1849
New Orleans, Louisiana
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1811–1817, 1825–1849|
|Commands held||Inspector General of the U. S. Army|
George Croghan (November 15, 1791 – January 8, 1849) was an American soldier. He was born at the Locust Grove farm in what is now Louisville, Kentucky and died in New Orleans, Louisiana. He was a recipient of the Congressional Gold Medal.
Two of his famous uncles were Captain William Clark and General George Rogers Clark because his mother, Lucy Clark, was their sister. His father was William Croghan of Dublin, Ireland and served in the revolutionary war at the battles of Brandywine and Monmouth. His wife Serena Livingston was the granddaughter of Robert Livingston (1718–1775) of Clermont Manor in New York.
Croghan studied at the College of William and Mary and joined the army after he graduated in 1810. He fought at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811. He also served at Fort Meigs (modern Perrysburg, Ohio) with distinction. For his defense during the Battle of Fort Stephenson, Ohio during the War of 1812, he was promoted to the rank of colonel. He later led a troop that was defeated in the Battle of Mackinac Island.
Following the war, he resigned from the army during a reduction in force and served as a postmaster in New Orleans. In 1825, he became one of the two inspector generals in the army. During the Mexican-American War he fought as a colonel at Monterrey.
Croghan died in the cholera epidemic of 1849, which also took the life of former President of the United States James K. Polk. Colonel Croghan is buried at the site of Fort Stephenson, now Fremont, Ohio.
It is believed that later in life he had a problem with alcoholism. He was cordial and considered to be very much a gentleman.
- Meek, Basil. Twentieth Century History of Sandusky County, Ohio. Chicago: Richmond-Arnold Publishing Co., 1909.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 96.
- Sandusky County Soldiers' Monument Association (1885). Proceedings at the Unveiling of the Soldiers' Monument on the Site of Fort Stephenson, Fremont, Ohio. Fremont, Ohio: The Democratic Messenger. pp. 102–103.
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