|Born||November 15, 1791|
|Died||January 8, 1849 (aged 57)|
New Orleans, Louisiana
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/||United States Army|
|Years of service||1811–1817, 1825–1849|
|Commands held||Inspector General of the U. S. Army|
|Battles/wars||War of 1812|
|Spouse(s)||Serena Eliza Livingston|
George Croghan (November 15, 1791 – January 8, 1849) was an American soldier who was a recipient of the Congressional Gold Medal.
Croghan was born at the Locust Grove farm in what is now Louisville, Kentucky. He was a son of Lucy (née Clark) Croghan (1765–1838) and William Croghan (1752–1822), a Catholic from Dublin, Ireland who he had served in the Revolutionary War at the battles of Brandywine and Monmouth. Among his maternal uncles were Capt. William Clark and Gen. George Rogers Clark.
Croghan studied at the College of William and Mary, graduating in 1810.
After he graduated from William and Mary, Croghan joined the U.S. Army. He fought at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811. He also served at Fort Meigs (modern Perrysburg, Ohio) with distinction. For his defense with a small garrison against a British attack during the Battle of Fort Stephenson, Ohio, in 1813 during the War of 1812, he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant colonel. He later led a troop that was defeated in the Battle of Mackinac Island.
Following the war, Croghan resigned from the army during a reduction in force and was appointed as a postmaster in New Orleans. In 1825, he became one of the two inspector generals in the army. During the Mexican–American War Croghan fought as a colonel at Monterrey.
Croghan married Serena Eliza Livingston (1795–1884), a daughter of John R. Livingston and Margaret (née Sheafe) Livingston. Serena was a granddaughter of Robert Livingston (1718–1775) of Clermont Manor in New York. Together, they were the parents of:
- Mary Angelica Croghan (1819–1906), who married the Rev. Christopher Billop Wyatt, a grandson of Christopher Billop, in 1848.
- St. George Louis Livingston Croghan (1823–1861), who married Cornelia Adelaide Ridgely, daughter of Commodore Charles C. Ridgely (son of Gov. Charles C. Ridgely) and Cornelia Louisiana (née Livingston) Ridgely (daughter of Robert L. Livingston and granddaughter of Walter Livingston), in 1846.
- Serena Livingston Croghan (1833–1926), who married Augustus Frederick Rodgers.
Legacy and honors
Croghan's tomb and a soldiers' memorial to the war installed by the DAR in 1903 are both located on the library grounds near Croghan Street, which was renamed in his honor.
- Meek, Basil. Twentieth Century History of Sandusky County, Ohio. Chicago: Richmond-Arnold Publishing Co., 1909.
- Sandusky County Soldiers' Monument Association (1885). Proceedings at the Unveiling of the Soldiers' Monument on the Site of Fort Stephenson, Fremont, Ohio. Fremont, Ohio: The Democratic Messenger. pp. 102–103.
- Browning, Charles Henry (1891). Americans of Royal Descent: A Collection of Genealogies of American Families Whose Lineage is Traced to the Legimate Issue of Kings. Porter & Costes. p. 167. Retrieved 27 July 2022.
- Rogers: Some of the Descendants of Giles Rogers, an Immigrant to Virginia in 1664, Including the Family Names of Barksdale, Croghan, Gatewood, George, Gwathmey, O'Fallon, Temple, Thruston, Tyler, Underwood, Etc. 1940. p. B-1903. Retrieved 27 July 2022.
- Revolution, Daughters of the American (1922). Lineage Book - National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution. Daughters of the American Revolution. p. 3. Retrieved 27 July 2022.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 96.