George Dallas (Labour politician)

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George Dallas
George Dallas politician 1875-1961.jpg
Member of Parliament for Wellingborough
In office
Preceded by William Cove
Succeeded by Archibald James
Personal details
Born George Dallas
(1878-06-08)8 June 1878
Died 4 January 1961(1961-01-04) (aged 82)
Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire
Nationality British
Political party Labour

George Dallas (6 August 1878 – 4 January 1961) was a British Labour Party politician.

Life and career[edit]

Born in Glasgow, Dallas worked as a coal miner in his youth. He joined the Socialist League in about 1894 before moving to London to work for a coal merchant. Returning to Glasgow, he participated in the trade union movement and a variety of jobs before becoming the Secretary of the Independent Labour Party in Scotland from 1908 until 1912.[1][2]

In 1912, Dallas moved back to London to work as the organiser of the National Federation of Women Workers, but soon moved to the Workers' Union.[3] In 1917, he was appointed to the Agricultural Wages Board.[4] In 1922, he moved to the newly built Welwyn Garden City.

At the 1918 and 1922 general elections, he was an unsuccessful candidate in the Maldon constituency in Essex, coming a distant second on each occasion, with 39.6% and 27.8% of the votes respectively. He was unsuccessful again at the 1923 general election in Scottish constituency of Roxburgh and Selkirk, coming third with 26% of the votes.[5]

Dallas did not contest the 1924 general election. However, at the 1929 general election, he was elected to the House of Commons as Member of Parliament for the marginal seat of Wellingborough in Northamptonshire, after the sitting Labour MP William Cove moved to the safe Labour seat of Aberavon in Wales.[6]

When the Labour Party split at the 1931 general election, he lost his seat with a swing of 16.6% to the Conservative candidate Archibald James,[7] who had criticized Dallas' views on the crisis.[8]

After his loss, Dallas was appointed to several Government committees set to investigate agricultural and water problems. In 1935, he visited European centres where international gatherings of Labour representatives have taken place to discuss the Italo-Abyssinian dispute.[1] Dallas stood in Wellingborough again at the 1935 general election, cutting the Conservative majority to 372 votes. However, he resigned his candidacy a few months later, partly due to illness.[2] He continued his activities for the Labour Party, and was elected chairman of the National Executive Committee in 1937.[9] He died in Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire aged 82.[10]


  1. ^ a b "MR. GEORGE DALLAS". Northampton Mercury. 1 November 1935. Retrieved 16 October 2015 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  2. ^ a b "RESIGNATION OF MR. G. DALLAS". Northampton Mercury. 14 February 1936. Retrieved 19 October 2015 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  3. ^ Hyman, p.67.
  4. ^ Hyman, p.102.
  5. ^ The Times, 8 December 1923
  6. ^ "MR. W. G. COVE, M.P., MAY NOT STAND AGAIN AT WELLINGBOROUGH". Northampton Mercury. 17 August 1928. Retrieved 16 October 2015 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  7. ^ "NORTHHAMPTONSHIRE SOLID FOR THE GOVERNMENT". Northampton Mercury. 30 October 1931. Retrieved 16 October 2015 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  8. ^ "WING COMMANDER JAMES ON THE CRISIS. HIS REPLY TO MR. DALLAS". Northampton Mercury. 18 September 1931. Retrieved 16 October 2015 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  9. ^ "MR GEORGE DALLAS NEW CHAIRMAN". Aberdeen Journal. 8 October 1937. Retrieved 25 October 2015 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  10. ^ George Dallas at the National Portrait Gallery-website


External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
William Cove
Member of Parliament for Wellingborough
Succeeded by
Archibald James
Party political offices
Preceded by
Hugh Dalton
Chair of the Labour Party
Succeeded by
Barbara Ayrton-Gould