George David Cummins
|George David Cummins|
Bishop G. D. Cummins
December 11, 1822|
Delaware, United States
|Died||June 26, 1876
Lutherville, Maryland, United States
|Alma mater||Dickinson College|
|Known for||Founder of the Reformed Episcopal Church|
Life and career
In 1845, he took orders in the Protestant Episcopal Church. After serving as rector of Episcopal parishes in Virginia, Washington, and Chicago, Cummins was appointed Assistant Bishop of Kentucky in 1866.
A staunch Evangelical of Reformed doctrine, Cummins opposed the influences of Ritualism and the Anglo-Catholic Oxford Movement. In 1873, he was criticized for receiving communion with ministers outside of the Protestant Episcopal Church and resigned his position. He then founded the Reformed Episcopal Church, of which he was the first presiding bishop, in New York City.
- "George David Cummins (1822-1876)."
- "George David Cummins", in the New International Encyclopedia, 1917.
- Price, Annie Darling (1902). A History of the Formation and Growth of the Reformed Episcopal Church. Philadelphia: J.M. Armstrong (via Google Books). p. 27ff.
- "George David Cummins". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography (via Google Books).
- Alexandrine Macomb Cummins (Mrs. G.D. Cummins). Memoir of George David Cummins (New York, 1878).
- Historical material by and about Cummins from Project Canterbury
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "article name needed". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.
- Allen C. Guelzo, For the Union of Evangelical Christendom: The Irony of the Reformed Episcopalians (Penn State Press, 2010)
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