George Dawson (trainer)

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George Dawson
Occupation Trainer
Born 1853
Died 14 June 1913
Newmarket, Suffolk
Major racing wins
British Classic Race wins as trainer:
2000 Guineas (1)
1000 Guineas (2)
Epsom Derby (2)
Epsom Oaks (3)
St Leger (2)[1]
Racing awards
Leading British Trainer 1888
Significant horses
Ayrshire, Donovan, Semolina, Memoir, Amiable

George Peddie Thomas Dawson (1853 – 14 June 1913), was a British trainer of racehorses. A member of a highly successful racing family, he trained the winners of ten British Classic Races in seven seasons between 1888 and 1894.

Background[edit]

George Dawson was the son of the Scottish trainer John Dawson who won the Epsom Derby with Petrarch in 1876. He was also the nephew of the trainers Thomas Dawson and Mathew Dawson. Despite his background, Dawson did not initially pursue a career in horse racing but went into business and by 1883 was running a successful brewery at Burton-on-Trent.[2] In 1884 he moved to Newmarket, Suffolk where he worked for several months as assistant trainer to his uncle Mathew at the latter's Heath House stable. When Mathew Dawson "retired" in 1885, George was invited to take over the stable despite his limited experience.[3]

Training career[edit]

George Dawson operated Heath House as a private stable for a consortium of aristocratic owners led by the Duke of Portland. Dawson was given some credit for introducing modern training methods, preferring shorter, faster gallops to the long, slow pieces of work previously favoured.[4]

In 1888, Dawson trained Ayrshire, owned by Portland, to win both the 2000 Guineas and the Epsom Derby, whilst the Duke's colt Donovan was the season's leading two-year-old.[5] Although there was no official championship in 1888, Dawson was the leading British trainer in terms of prize money, and the £77,914 won by horses trained at Heath House set a record which stood for forty-three years.[3] In the following season Donovan gave Dawson a second Derby and also won the St Leger.[6]

The rest of Dawson's classic wins came with four fillies, all owned by the Duke of Portland. In 1890 Semolina won the 1000 Guineas[7] and Memoir took both the Oaks and the St Leger.[8] Mrs Butterwick won the Oaks in 1893[9] and Amiable took both fillies' classics a year later.[10]

Dawson's run of success ended when the lease on Heath House expired in 1898, and Portland moved his horses to the stable of John Porter at Kingsclere.[11] Dawson took over his father's Warren House stable in 1900 but was never able to reproduce his earlier success. He died at Warren House on 14 June 1913.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Morris, Tony; Randall, John (1990). Horse Racing: Records, Facts, Champions (Third Edition). Guinness Publishing. ISBN 0-85112-902-1. 
  2. ^ Vamplew, Wray; Kay, Joyce (2005). Encyclopedia of British Horse Racing. Routledge. p. 91. 
  3. ^ a b Mortimer, Roger; Onslow, Richard; Willett, Peter (1978). Biographical Encyclopedia of British Flat Racing. Macdonald and Jane’s. ISBN 0-354-08536-0. 
  4. ^ "TALK OF THE DAY". Otago Witness. 23 January 1890. Retrieved 2012-09-29. 
  5. ^ "THE CRACK ENGLISH TWO-YEAR-OLD". Observer. 29 December 1888. Retrieved 2012-10-04. 
  6. ^ "RACING IN ENGLAND". Otago Witness. 31 October 1889. Retrieved 2012-10-04. 
  7. ^ "SPORTING". Poverty Bay Herald. 8 May 1890. Retrieved 2012-10-04. 
  8. ^ "RESULT OF THE DONCASTER ST. LEGER". Auckland Star. 11 September 1890. Retrieved 2012-10-04. 
  9. ^ "RESULT OF THE OAKS". Auckland Star. 3 June 1893. Retrieved 2012-10-04. 
  10. ^ "NOTES AND COMMENTS". Press. 18 June 1894. Retrieved 2012-10-04. 
  11. ^ "IN A NUTSHELL". Otago Witness. 11 August 1898. Retrieved 2012-09-29. 
  12. ^ "THE TURF". Evening Post. 8 August 1913. Retrieved 2012-09-29.