George Dixon (boxer)
Dixon, c. 1894
|Real name||George Dixon|
|Height||5 ft 3 1⁄2 in (161 cm)|
|Reach||69 1⁄2 in (177 cm)|
|Born||July 29, 1870|
Africville, Nova Scotia, Canada
|Died||January 6, 1908 (aged 37)|
New York City, New York, USA
|Wins by KO||36|
George Dixon (July 29, 1870 – January 6, 1908) was a Black Canadian professional boxer. He was the first black world boxing champion in any weight class, while also being the first ever Canadian-born boxing champion. Ring Magazine founder Nat Fleischer ranked Dixon as the #1 Featherweight of all-time.
Dixon was inducted posthumously into Canada's Sports Hall of Fame in 1955. He was also inducted into the Ring Magazine Hall of Fame in 1956 and into the International Boxing Hall of Fame as a first-class inductee in 1990.
In 2018 Dixon was named one of the greatest 15 athletes in Nova Scotia's history, ranking sixth.
Dixon was born in Africville, Halifax, Nova Scotia. Known as "Little Chocolate," he stood 5 feet 3.5 inches (1.613 m) tall and weighed only 87 pounds (39 kg) when he began his professional boxing career. Dixon claimed the World Bantamweight Championship on May 10, 1888, after a bout with Tommy Spider Kelly, and was officially considered the champion after knocking out Nunc Wallace of England in 18 rounds two years later on June 27, 1890. Dixon is credited for developing Shadowboxing.
Taking the world featherweight title, 1891
The following year, on May 31, 1891, Dixon beat Cal McCarthy in 22 rounds to win the Featherweight title. While he held the title, Dixon established a vaudeville troupe he called the "George Dixon Specialty Co.," which toured Canada and the United States. It appeared at the Naylor Opera House in Terre Haute, Indiana, on November 8, 1894. On October 4, 1897, he lost the title by decision in a rematch bout with Solly Smith, who he had previously defeated by 7th round technical knockout.
In a close bout, he lost to the British Featherweight Champion Ben Jordan on July 1, 1898, at New York's Lenox Club in a classic twenty five round points decision by referee Charley White. According to the San Francisco Chronicle, "Dixon did the leading but unlike many of those who had previously met the little Colored fighter, Jordan went at him and mixed it all the time." The bout was close, and many believed a draw would have been a better decision. Jordan was down on his hands and knees in the seventh from a blow by Dixon, but the bout contained relatively few knockdowns and no counts. The bout ended with a flurry by Dixon, but the referee did not feel it adequate to award him the decision. The Chronicle actually believed Dixon had the edge in the fighting. The Los Angeles Times also agreed the bout was close and that "Both men fought well and there was little to choose between them".
Dixon was in talks to face champion Solly Smith in a third meeting, however, Smith lost the world title in a surprising upset against Dave Sullivan – the bout was stopped in the fifth round after Smith sustained a broken arm. Dixon instead turned his attention to newly crowned champion Sullivan, and on November 11, 1898, he reclaimed the World Featherweight Title by decisively defeating him in a tenth round disqualification at New York City's Lenox Club. Sullivan had held the title only forty-six days.
At the time of the fight the betting favored Dixon, but was close, and briefly went to even odds. For nine rounds in front of eight thousand spectators, Dixon had the advantage. In the final round, Sullivan's brother Jack walked into the ring twice to speak to Jimmy Coville the referee about the time remaining in the round, eventually causing Coville to end the fight, in frustration over Jack's infraction. Sullivan could have fought on, though he would have almost certainly lost the fight.
Loss of featherweight title, October, 1901
By that time, he had moved to Boston, where he had family; it was a destination for other immigrants from Africville. Dixon tragically died poor and homeless in New York City in 1908. Part of his hospital bills for the illness that took his life was paid for by a charity boxing tournament put on January 23, 1908, at Bower's Minery Theatre in New York. He is interred in the Mount Hope Cemetery in Boston, Massachusetts. A recreation centre in downtown Halifax was named in his honor.
|Result||Opponent||Type||Rd., Time||Date sept 6 2015||Location||Notes|
|Loss||Harlem Tommy Murphy||KO||2 (6)||1905-09-20||National A.C., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|
|Loss||Owen Moran||PTS||6||1904-10-17||National Sporting Club, Covent Garden, London|
|Loss||Jim Driscoll||PTS||6||1904-02-10||Bristol, Avon|
|Win||Pedlar Palmer||PTS||20||1903-11-09||Ginnetts Circus, Newcastle, Tyne and Wear|
|Loss||Digger Stanley||PTS||6||1903-10-12||National Sporting Club, Covent Garden, London|
|Win||Digger Stanley||PTS||6||1903-08-01||Whitechapel Road, Mile End, London|
|Loss||Pedlar Palmer||PTS||15||1902-09-08||New National Athletic Club, Marylebone, London|
|Loss||Abe Attell||PTS||15||1901-10-28||West End Athletic Club, Saint Louis, Missouri|
|Draw||Abe Attell||PTS||20||1901-10-20||Grand Opera House, Cripple Creek, Colorado|
|Draw||Abe Attell||PTS||20||1901-08-23||Coliseum Hall, Denver, Colorado|
|Loss||Young Corbett II||PTS||10||1901-08-16||Coliseum Hall, Denver, Colorado|
|Loss||Terry McGovern||PTS||6||1900-06-23||Tattersall's, Chicago, Illinois|
|Loss||Terry McGovern||TKO||8 (25)||1900-01-09||Broadway A.C., New York, New York||Lost World Featherweight Title|
|Win||Oscar Gardner||PTS||25||1898-11-29||Lenox A.C., New York, New York||Retained World Featherweight Title|
|Draw||Pedlar Palmer||PTS||6||1896-01-30||Madison Square Garden, New York, New York|
|Draw||Young Griffo||PTS||10||1895-10-28||Manhattan A.C., New York, New York|
|Draw||Young Griffo||PTS||25||1895-01-19||Seaside A.C., Coney Island, New York|
|Win||Solly Smith||KO||7||1894-09-25||Seaside A.C., Coney Island, New York||Retained World Featherweight Title|
|Draw||Young Griffo||PTS||20||1894-06-29||Boston Casino, Boston, Massachusetts|
|Win||Torpedo Billy Murphy||DQ||3||1893-12-15||People's Theater, Paterson, New Jersey|
- "George Dixon", Cyber Boxing Encyclopedia
- Tattrie, Jon (30 April 2018). "Sidney Crosby to headline 'greatest sports dinner' in Nova Scotia". CBC Sports. Retrieved 27 July 2018.
- Sugar, Bert (2006). Boxing's Greatest Fighters.
- "Referee and Sports Disagree", San Francisco Chronicle, San Francisco, California, pg. 5, 2 July 1898
- "Donated by Dixon", The Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles, California, pg. 4, 2 July 1898
- "Birthday of Dave Sullivan", The Atlanta Constitution, Atlanta, Georgia, pg. 13, 10 May 1919
- "George Dixon the Winner", The Record Union, Sacramento, California, pg. 1, 12 November 1898
- "Little Chocolate Greatest Boxer of Old Feathers", The San Francisco Call, San Francisco, California, pg. 29, 17 August 1913
- George Dixon's Professional Boxing Record. BoxRec.com. Retrieved on 2014-05-18.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to George Dixon (boxer).|
- Africville - The Spirit Lives On - History Captured
- Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
- George Dixon at Find a Grave
- Professional boxing record for George Dixon from BoxRec
- George Dixon - CBZ Profile
|Inaugural Champion|| World Bantamweight Champion
June 27, 1890 – 1891
Title next held byJimmy Barry
Title last held byYoung Griffo
| World Featherweight Champion
June 27, 1892 – October 4, 1897
| World Featherweight Champion
November 11, 1898 – January 9, 1900