George E. McCarthy (born February 16, 1946) is a professor of sociology at Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio.
George E. McCarthy became National Endowment for the Humanities Distinguished Teaching Professor of Sociology in 2000. He has been a research fellow at the University of Frankfurt am Main, a guest professor at the Institute for Political Science at the University of Munich, and a Senior Fulbright Research Fellow in philosophy and sociology at the University of Kassel, Germany. He has received a Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst (DAAD), Fulbright Research Fellowship, and an NEH Research Fellowship. McCarthy's courses at Kenyon College focus on ethics and social justice, political and social theory, philosophy and sociology of science, German social thought and Greek philosophy/literature, and American political economy. His major area of concentration is nineteenth- and twentieth-century German social theory: Karl Marx, Max Weber, Friedrich Nietzsche, Sigmund Freud, Martin Heidegger, Hans-Georg Gadamer, Max Horkheimer, Herbert Marcuse, and Juergen Habermas.
- Marx's Critique of Science and Positivism (Dordrecht, Holland: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1988)
- Marx and the Ancients: Classical Ethics, Social Justice, and Nineteenth-Century Political Economy (Savage, MD: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, 1990)
- Eclipse of Justice: Ethics, Economics, and the Lost Traditions of American Catholicism, with Royal Rhodes (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1992)
- Marx and Aristotle: Nineteenth-Century German Social Theory and Classical Antiquity, editor (Savage, MD: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, 1992)
- Dialectics and Decadence: Echoes of Antiquity in Marx and Nietzsche (Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, 1994)
- Romancing Antiquity: German Critique of the Enlightenment from Weber to Habermas (Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, 1997)
- Objectivity and the Silence of Reason: Weber, Habermas, and the Methodological Disputes in German Sociology (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 2001)
- Classical Horizons: The Origins of Sociology in Ancient Greece (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2003)
- Eclipse of Justice: Ethics, Economics, and the Lost Traditions of American Catholicism, with Royal Rhodes, paperback reprint (Eugene, Oregon: Wipf and Stock Publishers, 2009)
- Dreams in Exile: Rediscovering Science and Ethics in Nineteenth-Century Social Theory (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2009)
- Justice Beyond Liberalism, with Royal Rhodes (Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press, forthcoming 2010)
- Shadows of the Enlightenment: Toward a Critical Theory of Ecology and Environmental Justice (work in progress)