George F. Cram

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George F. Cram (1842-1928), served in the U.S. Army during the American Civil War. After the war ended, Cram joined his uncle Rufus Blanchard's Evanston map business in 1867. Two years later, he became sole proprietor of the firm and renamed it the George F. Cram Co. which became a leading map firm and first American firm to publish a world atlas. It employed a relief process.


  • Andrew M. Modelski, "History of Railroads and Maps" (Washington: Library of Congress, 1984), pp. ix-xxi, which represented a revision of the "Introduction" to Railroad Maps of the United States, compiled by Andrew M. Modelski (Washington: Library of Congress, 1975), pp. 1-14. Available at
  • "Soldiering with Sherman: Civil War Letters of George F. Cram." (2000). Jennifer Cain Bohrnstedt (Editor), George Franklin Cram, Orville Vernon Burton (Introduction), Northern Illinois University Press.

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