George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland

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The Duke of Northumberland
Duke of Northumberland
Born(1665-12-28)28 December 1665
Died28 June 1716(1716-06-28) (aged 50)
Spouse(s)Catherine Wheatley
Mary Dutton
FatherCharles II of England
MotherBarbara Palmer, 1st Duchess of Cleveland

Lieutenant-General George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, KG, PC (28 December 1665 – 28 June 1716) was the third and youngest illegitimate son of King Charles II of England by Barbara Villiers, Countess of Castlemaine (also known as Barbara Villiers, Duchess of Cleveland); he was the fifth of Charles's eight illegitimate sons. On 1 October 1674, he was created Earl of Northumberland, Baron of Pontefract (Yorkshire) and Viscount Falmouth (Cornwall). On 6 April 1683, he was created Duke of Northumberland.

The first Duke of Northumberland was born at Merton College, Oxford. In 1682, he was employed on secret service in Venice. Upon his return to England in 1684, he was elected (10 January) and installed (8 April) Knight of the Garter. That summer, he served as a volunteer on the side of the French at the Siege of Luxembourg. In 1687, Northumberland commanded the 2nd Troop of Horse Guards. A year later, he was appointed a lord of His Majesty's bedchamber. In 1701, he was appointed Constable of Windsor Castle, in 1710 Lord Lieutenant of Surrey, and in 1712, he became Lord Lieutenant of Berkshire as well. In 1703, he succeeded the Earl of Oxford as Colonel of the Royal Regiment of Horse. Seven years later, on 10 January 1710, he became Lieutenant-General. On 7 April 1713, he was sworn into the Privy Council and as Chief Butler of England.

In March 1686, Northumberland married Catherine Wheatley, the daughter of a poulterer, Robert Wheatley of Bracknell in Berkshire. Catherine was the widow of Thomas Lucy of Charlecote Park, a captain in the Royal Horse Guards. Soon after the marriage, Northumberland and his brother, Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton, allegedly attempted to privately convey her abroad to an English convent in Ghent, Belgium. After the death of Catherine in 1714, Northumberland remarried to Mary Dutton, the sister of Captain Mark Dutton.

The Duke lived at Frogmore House at Windsor in Berkshire, but died suddenly aged 50 at Epsom on 28 June 1716. He had no legitimate offspring. Mary died at Frogmore House in 1738.


  • Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1889). "Fitzroy, George (1665-1716)" . Dictionary of National Biography. 19. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
Military offices
Preceded by Captain and Colonel of
The Queen's Troop of Horse Guards

Succeeded by
Preceded by Colonel of the Royal Horse Guards
Succeeded by
Preceded by Captain and Colonel of
The Queen's Troop of Horse Guards

Succeeded by
Peerage of England
New creation Duke of Northumberland
2nd creation
Earl of Northumberland
Honorary titles
Preceded by Constable of Windsor Castle
Succeeded by
Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of Surrey
Succeeded by
Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of Berkshire
Succeeded by