George Foot Moore

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George Foot Moore
Born (1851-10-15)October 15, 1851
West Chester, Pennsylvania October 15, 1851 – May 16, 1931
Died May 16, 1931(1931-05-16) (aged 79)
Cambridge, Massachusetts
Nationality American
Occupation Asian scholar, historian of religion, author, Presbyterian minister
Spouse(s) Mary Soper
Children 2 boys
Academic background
Education Yale College, Union Theological Seminary (New York), Marietta College
Academic work
Discipline Ancient Near Eastern studies
Sub discipline Judaic history
Institutions Hopkins Grammar School
Lancaster (Ohio) High School
Putnam Presbyterian Church
Andover Theological Seminary
Harvard Divinity School

George Foot Moore (October 15, 1851 – May 16, 1931) was an eminent Asian scholar, historian of religion, author, Presbyterian minister, 33rd Degree Mason of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite, and accomplished teacher.


Moore was born in West Chester, Pennsylvania, the son of Rev. William Eves Moore and Harriet Foot Moore. He was educated at private schools, West Chester Academy and Wyer's School, entered Yale College as a junior in 1870, then graduated from Yale in 1872,[1] as a Phi Beta Kappa and member of the Skull and Bones society.[2] After teaching at Hopkins Grammar School from 1872–73, he engaged in study and private teaching in Columbus, Ohio, 1873–74, then served as principal of Lancaster (Ohio) High School 1874-75. He studied theology in Columbus 1875-76 and graduated from Union Theological Seminary (New York) in 1877.[1] He was ordained to the Presbyterian ministry at Columbus February 8, 1878 and became pastor of Putnam Presbyterian Church in Zanesville, Ohio from 1878 to 1883. He Married Mary Soper, daughter of Albert Gallatin and Mary Ann (Chester) Hanford on April 25, 1878, in Chicago. They had two sons, William Eves, who died in infancy, and Albert Hanford.[2]

In 1883 he was appointed to the chair of Hebrew at Andover Theological Seminary where he taught until 1902, serving as president of the seminary from 1899 to 1901 and lectured on the history of religion from 1893 to 1901. During his service to Andover, he received the degree of Doctor of Divinity in 1885 from Marietta College, Ohio and 12 years later, from Yale University in 1897. In 1902, he became a professor at the Harvard Divinity School, where he was appointed Frothingham Professor of the History of Religion in 1905, and Cabot Fellow for three years beginning in 1906. During his service at Harvard he obtained a degree of Legum Doctor in 1903 from Western Reserve University. He was a member of Harvard faculty from 1902 until retirement in 1928 and a preacher to the University from 1900 to 1903.[2]

Moore was a member of the Deutsche Morgenlandische Gesellschaft, American Philological Association, Archaeological Institute of America, Society of Biblical Literature, among others,[1] In addition, he was a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, serving as its president from 1921–24, and was a member of the American Oriental Society.[3] Besides contributing many articles on Biblical and Oriental subjects in learned journals, he wrote extensively for the "Encyclopaedia Biblica"[4] and served as editor of the Harvard Theological Review.[3] Among his books, History of Religions (1914, 1919) and Judaism (two volumes, 1927) stand out as especially praiseworthy. Mrs. Mary Soper Moore died April 16, 1924. Moore died 7 years later due to general arteriosclerosis and chronic myocarditis, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, May 16, 1931.[2]



  • Moore, George Foot (1895). A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on Judges. International critical commentary on the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments. 7. Edinburgh: T & T Clark. ISBN 978-0-567-05004-5. OCLC 860107. 
  • ——— (1898). The Book of Judges: a new English translation printed in colors exhibiting the composite structure of the book. Sacred Books of the Old and New Testaments, part 7.; Pohychrome Bible. London ; New York: J. Clark ; Dodd, Mead, and Co. OCLC 3343798. 
  • ———; Harper, Robert Francis; Brown, Francis, eds. (1908). Old Testament and Semitic studies in Memory of William Rainey Harper. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. OCLC 3220423. 
  • ——— (1911). The Covenanters of Damascus: a hitherto unknown Jewish sect. Cambridge, MA. OCLC 12094453. 
  • ———; Lyon, David Gordon, eds. (1912). Studies in the History of Religions. New York: Macmillan. OCLC 2303663. 
  • ——— (1913). The Literature of the Old Testament. Home University Library of Modern Knowledge. 65. New York ; London: H. Holt and Co. ; Williams and Norgate. OCLC 9430863. [5]
  • ——— (1913). History of religions, Volume 1: China, Japan, Egypt, Babylonia, Assyria, India, Persia, Greece, Rome. The International Theological Library. Edinburgh: T & T Clark. OCLC 314138945. 
  • ——— (1914). Metempsychosis. Ingersoll Lecture, 1914. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. OCLC 2490057. [6]
  • ——— (1923). The Birth and Growth of Religion: Being the Morse Lectures of 1922. Morse Lectures, 1922. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. OCLC 322865. 
  • ———; Gray, Louis Herbert, eds. (1916). The Mythology of All Races. Marshall Jones Co.  - a 13 volume series published between 1916 and 1923.
  • History of Religions (Vol. I, 1913; Vol. II, 1919)
  • ——— (1919). History of Religions, Volume 2: Judaism, Christianity, Mohammedanism. The International Theological Library. Edinburgh: T & T Clark. OCLC 174399216. [7]
  • ——— (1927). Judaism in the First Centuries of the Christian Era: the age of the tannaim. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. ISBN 9780674487505. OCLC 377315.  - original published in 3 vols between 1927 and 1930
  • Editor (unfinished work), Albert Pike, Materials For The history of Freemasonry In France and Elsewhere on The Continent of Europe From 1718 To 1859, circa 1905, detached from "The New Age" magazine.
  • ——— (2007). Christian Writers on Judaism: nineteen centuries of apologetics and polemics. Analecta Gorgiana. 7. Piscataway: Gorgias Press. ISBN 978-1-593-33864-0. OCLC 171130703.  - reprint of journal article


  • ——— (1912). "The Theological School at Nisibis". In ———; Lyon, David Gordon. Studies in the History of Religions. New York: Macmillan. OCLC 2303663. 


  • ——— (1921). "Christian Writers on Judaism: nineteen centuries of apologetics and polemics". Harvard Theological Review. 14 (3): 197–254. 


  1. ^ a b c The Harvard graduates' magazine, Volume 15 Harvard Graduates' Magazine Association, 1907
  2. ^ a b c d "Obituary Record of Graduates of Yale University Deceased during the Year 1930-1931" (PDF). Yale University. 1 December 1931. p. 31. Retrieved March 24, 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "George Foot Moore". Harvard Divinity School at the Turn of the 20th Century. Andover-Harvard Theological Library. Retrieved 12 September 2012. 
  4. ^ Encyclopaedia Biblica (1903), list of contributors
  5. ^ "The Literature of the Old Testament". Retrieved May 12, 2016. 
  6. ^ "The Ingersoll Lecture, 1914, Metempsychosis". Retrieved May 12, 2016. 
  7. ^ "History of Religions: China, Japan, Egypt, Babylonia, Assyria, India, Persia, Greece, Rome". Retrieved May 12, 2016. 

External links[edit]

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