George Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach

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George Frederick
Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
Georg Friedrich Hohenzoller st.jpg
George Frederick, c. 1601
Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Reign 1543–1603
Predecessor George
Successor Joachim Ernst
Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
Reign 1553–1603
Predecessor Albert Alcibiades
Successor Christian
Born (1539-04-05)5 April 1539
Ansbach
Died 25 April 1603(1603-04-25) (aged 64)
Ansbach
Spouses Elisabeth of Brandenburg-Küstrin
Sophie of Brunswick-Lüneburg
House House of Hohenzollern
Father George, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Mother Emilie of Saxony

George Frederick of Brandenburg-Ansbach (German: Georg Friedrich der Ältere; 5 April 1539 in Ansbach – 25 April 1603) was Margrave of Ansbach and Bayreuth, as well as Regent of Prussia. He was the son of George, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach and a member of the House of Hohenzollern. He married firstly, in 1559, Elisabeth of Brandenburg-Küstrin (29 August 1540 – 8 March 1578). He married secondly, in 1579, Sophie of Brunswick-Lüneburg (30 October 1563 – 1639), daughter of William of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Dorothea of Denmark.

George Frederick reigned in his native Ansbach, Franconia and Jägerndorf, Upper Silesia since 1556 and, after the death of his cousin Albert Alcibiades in 1557, also in Kulmbach. He took over the administration of the Duchy of Prussia in 1577, when the then-reigning Duke Albert Frederick became ill.

He was the last of the older Franconia line of the House of Hohenzollern. Upon his death Ansbach and Kulmbach were inherited by younger princes of the Brandenburg line according to the House Treaty of Gera of 1598.

George Frederick rebuilt the palace and fortress Plassenburg, which was destroyed after the second margravian war (1552–1554), as one of the most impressive residences of the renaissance in the German empire. He also built the fortress Wülzburg and the old palace in Bayreuth.

During his reign between 1557 and 1603 in the Franconian territories of the Hohenzollern (Brandenburg-Ansbach and Brandenburg-Kulmbach) he kept peace, rebuilt cities and Castles, founded several schools and a University.

Ancestors[edit]


George Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Born: 5 April 1539 Died: 25 April 1603
Preceded by
George
Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach
1543–1603
Succeeded by
Joachim Ernst
Preceded by
Albert Alcibiades
Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
1553–1603
Succeeded by
Christian