George Frederick Phillips
|George Frederick Phillips|
Machinist First Class George Frederick Phillips
March 8, 1862|
Coles Island, New Brunswick, Canada
|Died||June 4, 1904
|Place of burial||Fernhill Cemetery Saint John, New Brunswick|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1898–1903|
|Rank||Machinist First Class|
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
George Phillips went to Galveston, Texas where he joined the United States Navy in March 1898. During the Spanish–American War he was aboard ship that made its way to the entrance to the harbor at Santiago de Cuba. There, the USS Merrimac, a 3362-ton collier, was supplying coal to U.S. warships. On June 3, 1898, in a daring attempt to bottle up the Spanish cruiser squadron, the Merrimac was scuttled inside the entrance of Santiago Harbor. Under heavy fire from the Spanish shore batteries, Machinist First Class Phillips displayed extraordinary heroism throughout this operation.
In recognition of his valor, on November 2, 1899 he was awarded the Medal of Honor, the highest United States military decoration.
George Phillips was discharged from the Navy in August 1903, and died in 1904 at the age of 42 in Cambridge, Massachusetts; his body was returned home to Canada where he was interred in the Fernhill Cemetery in his hometown of Saint John, New Brunswick.
Medal of Honor citation
Rank and organization: Machinist First Class, U.S. Navy. Born: March 9, 1864, Coles Island, New Brunswick, Canada. Accredited to: New York. G.O. No.: 529, November 2, 1899.
In connection with the sinking of the U.S.S. Merrimac at the entrance to the harbor of Santiago de Cuba 2 June 1898. Despite heavy fire from the Spanish shore batteries, Phillips displayed extraordinary heroism throughout this operation.
- "Chief Machinist George F. Phillips, USN, (1862-1904), Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, Naval Historical Center, Department of the Navy.". Archived from the original on July 26, 2010. Retrieved September 29, 2010.