George Hubbard Pepper (February 2, 1873 – May 13, 1924) was an ethnologist and archaeologist, was born in Tottenville, Staten Island, New York. Pepper conducted field work starting in 1893, including archaeological digs at Burial Ridge, the largest pre-European burial ground in New York City. In 1895, he was contracted by the American Museum of Natural History to continue his work at the site located in the Tottenville section of Staten Island. In 1915, he traveled to Georgia to explore the Nacoochee Mound in the state's old Cherokee region. In 1917, as a result of this exploration, Pepper published The Nacoochee Mound Report. From 1896 to 1900, George Pepper led the excavation of the Pueblo Bonito great house in Chaco Canyon, New Mexico. His work there was supported by brothers B. Talbot Hyde and Frederick E. Hyde, Jr. of New York City and the American Museum of Natural History, New York. Pepper later returned to New York, where he died on May 13, 1924.