George H. Ramer
|George Henry Ramer|
George H. Ramer, Medal of Honor recipient
March 27, 1927|
|Died||September 12, 1951
Killed in action on Heartbreak Ridge, Korea
|Place of burial||Lewisburg Cemetery, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Navy
United States Marine Corps
|Years of service||1944 - 1946 (USN)
1950 - 1951 (USMC)
|Unit||3rd Battalion, 7th Marines|
|Battles/wars||World War II
|Awards||Medal of Honor
Second Lieutenant George Henry Ramer (March 27, 1927 – September 12, 1951) was a United States Marine Corps officer who posthumously received the Medal of Honor — the United States’ highest military decoration for heroism — for his actions in Korea on September 12, 1951, when he sacrificed his life during a fearless attack on an enemy position. He was the 27th Marine to receive the Medal of Honor for heroism during the Korean War.
Second Lieutenant Ramer, who had been an enlisted U.S. Navy sailor during World War II, was cited after leading an attack by the third platoon of Company I, 3rd Battalion, 7th Marines, 1st Marine Division. Although he and most of his men were wounded while fighting their way through vicious machine-gun, mortar and small-arms fire, he continued to lead the assault on the enemy-held hilltop, personally destroying an enemy bunker and directing his capture of the position.
When the enemy immediately began an overwhelming counter-attack, he ordered his men to withdraw and fought single-handedly to cover the withdrawal and the evacuation of three fatally wounded Marines. Wounded a second time, he refused aid, ordered his men to shelter and continued to fight until he was fatally wounded as the enemy overran his position.
George Henry Ramer was born on March 27, 1927 in Meyersdale, Pennsylvania. He attended elementary school in Salisbury, Pennsylvania, and graduated from Lewisburg High School in 1944 in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania. He enlisted in the Navy on August 11, 1944 and served until June 5, 1946.
Upon his return to civilian life, he entered Bucknell University where he was a member of the Phi Gamma Delta fraternity. He graduated in February 1950, with a Bachelor's degree in Political Science and History. While attending college, he enrolled in the Marine Corps Reserve Platoon Leader’s program, completing summer training courses at Quantico, Virginia, in 1947 and 1948. He was commissioned in the Marine Corps Reserve in 1950 and taught high school civics, history and problems of democracy in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, before he was called to active duty at his own request on January 3, 1951.
Completing the Basic Course at Quantico, Virginia, in April 1951, 2ndLt Ramer embarked the following month for Korea. Before his death he saw action in the campaigns against the Chinese Communist Spring Offensive and in the United Nations Summer-Fall Offensive.
His remains were returned to the United States in December 1951 and interred in Lewisburg Cemetery, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania.
In addition to the Medal of Honor and the Purple Heart awarded for his fatal wounds, 2ndLt Ramer’s decorations include the Korean Service Medal with two bronze stars and the United Nations Service Medal.
Medal of Honor citation
The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the MEDAL OF HONOR posthumously to
SECOND LIEUTENANT GEORGE H. RAMER
UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS RESERVE
for service as set forth in the following CITATION:
For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as Leader of the Third Platoon in Company I, Third Battalion, Seventh Marines, First Marine Division (Reinforced) in action against enemy aggressor forces in Korea on 12 September 1951. Ordered to attack and seize hostile positions atop a hill , vigorously defended by well entrenched enemy forces delivering massed small-arms, mortar and machine-gun fire, Second Lieutenant Ramer fearlessly led his men up the steep slopes and, although he and the majority of his unit were wounded during the ascent, boldly continued to spearhead the assault. With the terrain becoming more precipitous near the summit and the climb more perilous as the hostile forces added grenades to the devastating hail of fire, he staunchly carried the attack to the top, personally annihilated one enemy bunker with grenade and carbine fire and captured the objective with his remaining eight men. Unable to hold the position against an immediate, overwhelming hostile counterattack, he ordered his group to withdraw and single-handedly fought the enemy to furnish cover for his men and for the evacuation of three fatally wounded Marines. Severely wounded a second time, Second Lieutenant Ramer refused aid when his men returned to help him and, after ordering them to seek shelter, courageously manned his post until the hostile troops overran his position and he fell mortally wounded. His indomitable fighting spirit, inspiring leadership and unselfish concern for others in the face of death reflect the highest credit upon Second Lieutenant Ramer and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
/S/ HARRY S. TRUMAN
- "Phi Gamma Delta's "Gold Star" men in Korea". The Archives. The Fraternity of Phi Delta Gamma. Archived from the original on August 13, 2006. Retrieved July 1, 2006.
- "Welcome Aboard — Officer Student SOP for the Basic School" (doc). The Basic School, Quantico, Virginia, United States Marine Corps. Retrieved July 1, 2006.[permanent dead link]
- This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps.
- "Second Lieutenant George H. Ramer, USMCR, Who's Who in Marine Corps History, History Division, United States Marine Corps. Retrieved on 2006-07-01.". Archived from the original on February 8, 2012. Retrieved September 29, 2010.
- "2dLt George H. Ramer, Medal of Honor, 1951, 3/7/1, Korea, Medal of Honor citation. Retrieved on 2006-07-01.". Archived from the original on July 14, 2007. Retrieved September 29, 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to George H. Ramer.|