George Henry Kendrick Thwaites

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George Henry Kendrick Thwaites
Born (1812-07-09)9 July 1812
Bristol
Died 11 September 1882(1882-09-11) (aged 70)
Kandy
Nationality British
Citizenship United Kingdom
Known for Enumeratio Plantarum Zeylaniæ
Lepidoptera of Ceylon
Scientific career
Fields Botany
Entomology
Institutions Bristol School of Pharmacy
Royal Botanical Gardens, Peradeniya
Hakgala Botanical Garden

George Henry Kendrick Thwaites CMG FRS FLS[1] (9 July 1812,[2] Bristol – 11 September 1882, Kandy) was an English botanist and entomologist.

Thwaites was initially an accountant and studied botany during his spare time. He was interested particularly in the lower plants such as the algae and the cryptogams. He became a recognized botanist when he showed that the diatoms are not animals, but algae. In 1846 he was lecturer on botany at the Bristol school of pharmacy and afterwards at the medical school. In March 1849, on the death of George Gardner, Thwaites was appointed superintendent of the botanical gardens at Peradeniya, Ceylon. A position he held until he resigned in 1879.[3]

He was made a Fellow of the Royal Society on 1 June 1865 following the publication of his ‘Enumeratio Plantarum Zeylaniæ,’ – (five fasciculi 1859–64). His notes form the most valuable portion of Frederic Moore's ‘Lepidoptera of Ceylon’ (3 vols 1880–9). He established the Cinehona nurseries, Hakgala, Ceylon and was in the Board of Directors of the Alfred Model Farm Experimental Station that later became the Royal Colombo Golf Course.[4]

Legacy[edit]

The flowering plant genus Kendrickia and the spider genus Thwaitesia are named after him.

Also, a species of Sri Lankan lizard, Chalcidoseps thwaitesi, is named in his honor.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Seemann, Berthold. The Journal of Botany, British and Foreign ... R. Hardwicke. p. 19. Retrieved 31 August 2016. 
  2. ^ Desmond, Ray (1994-02-25). Dictionary Of British And Irish Botanists And Horticulturists Including plant collectors, flower painters and garden designers. CRC Press. ISBN 9780850668438. 
  3. ^ "Miscellaneous". The Cornishman (66). 16 October 1879. p. 6. 
  4. ^ The De Soyas of Alfred House by Rupa de Soysa, p.57 (Karunaratne & Sons)
  5. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Thwaites", p. 265).
  6. ^ IPNI.  Thwaites. 

External links[edit]