George Herbert, 11th Earl of Pembroke

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The Earl of Pembroke

George Herbert of Pembroke.jpg
Governor of Guernsey
In office
1807–1827
Preceded byThe Earl Grey
Succeeded bySir William Keppel
Member of the UK Parliament
for Wilton
In office
1788–1794
Preceded byWilliam Gerard Hamilton
Philip Goldsworthy
Succeeded byThe Viscount FitzWilliam
Philip Goldsworthy
In office
1780 – 1785
Preceded byHon. Henry Herbert
Charles Herbert
Succeeded byWilliam Gerard Hamilton
Philip Goldsworthy
Personal details
Born10 September 1759
Wilton House, Wilton, Great Britain
Died26 October 1827
Pembroke House, London, Great Britain
Political partyWhig
Spouse(s)
Elizabeth Beauclerk
(m. 1787; her death 1793)

Countess Catherine Vorontsov
(m. 1808; his death 1827)
Children10, including 12th Earl of Pembroke, 1st Baron Herbert of Lea, Countess of Dunmore
ParentsHenry Herbert, 10th Earl of Pembroke
Elizabeth Herbert, Countess of Pembroke and Montgomery
Relatives3rd Duke of Marlborough (grandfather)
EducationHarrow School
Military service
RankGeneral
Commands2nd and 3rd Dragoon Guards
6th (Inniskilling) Dragoons
Battles/warsFrench Revolutionary Wars:
 • Siege of Valenciennes
Shield of arms of George Herbert, 11th Earl of Pembroke, KG, PC - Per pale azure and gules three lions rampant argent.

General George Augustus Herbert, 11th Earl of Pembroke and 8th Earl of Montgomery KG PC (10 September 1759 – 26 October 1827) was an English peer, army officer, and politician.

Early life[edit]

He was born Lord Herbert at the family home, Wilton House in Wilton, he was the only son of Henry Herbert, 10th Earl of Pembroke and 7th Earl of Montgomery and his wife, Elizabeth, the second daughter of Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough.[1] He had a younger sister Charlotte, who died at the age of 10. He was educated at home and then Harrow School from 1770 to 1775. Through his grandmother Mary FitzWilliam, daughter of the 5th Viscount FitzWilliam, he inherited the substantial FitzWilliam estates in Dublin.

Career[edit]

After leaving Harrow, Herbert was appointed an ensign in the 12th Regiment of Foot in 1775 and travelled the continent over the next five years, visiting France, Austria, Eastern Europe, Russia and Italy with Rev. William Coxe and Capt. John Floyd.

Herbert was promoted to a lieutenant in 1777 and became a captain in the 75th Regiment of Foot in 1778, before transferring to 1st The Royal Dragoons later that year. In 1781, he transferred to the 22nd Light Dragoons and the following year was promoted to a lieutenant-colonel in the 2nd Dragoon Guards.

At the start of the French Revolutionary Wars, Herbert saw action in Flanders, where he commanded the 2nd and 3rd Dragoon Guards and liaised with Prussian and Austrian forces. He was also active in the Siege of Valenciennes (1793) and captured an enemy post at Hundssluyt, near Dunkirk, later that year.

Political career[edit]

At the general election of 1780, Herbert became Member of Parliament for the family borough of Wilton and sided with the Whig opposition. He held the seat until 1784 when he was appointed Vice-Chamberlain of the Household and sworn of the Privy Council. He held the seat for Wilton again from 1788 to 1794, the year he inherited his father's titles and estate and also succeeded him as Lord Lieutenant of Wiltshire.

Later life[edit]

In 1795, Pembroke was promoted to a major-general and became colonel of the 6th (Inniskilling) Dragoons in 1797. He was further promoted to a lieutenant-general in 1802 and appointed a Knight of the Garter in 1805. After serving as a plenipotentiary on a special mission to Austria in 1807, he was also appointed Governor of Guernsey and finally promoted to a general in 1812.

Personal life[edit]

Herbert married twice, firstly on 8 April 1787, to Elizabeth Beauclerk (d. 1793), his first cousin, the daughter of Topham Beauclerk by his wife, Diana. By his first wife he had the following progeny:

  • George Herbert (1788-1793), eldest son and heir apparent who predeceased his father aged 5.
  • Lady Diana Herbert (1790-1841), who married Welbore Agar, 2nd Earl of Normanton;
  • Robert Herbert, 12th Earl of Pembroke (19 September 1791 – 25 April 1862), previously styled Viscount Herbert, who married Ottavia Spinelli and died without legitimate issue. By his mistress Alexina Sophia Gallot he had an illegitimate daughter.
  • Hon. Charles Herbert (1793-1798)

His second married was on 25 January 1808 to Countess Catherine Semyonovna Vorontsova, a daughter of the prominent Russian aristocrat and diplomat Semyon Romanovich Vorontsov. Her letters show her to have been a shrewd observer of European politics, allowing for a pro-Russian slant to her opinions.[2] By his second wife he had progeny as follows:

Lord Pembroke died on 26 October 1827 at his London home, Pembroke House and was buried at Wilton on 12 November. After having previously quarreled with his eldest surviving son, Robert, over the latter's marriage to the widowed Italian princess, Octavia Spinelli de Rubari, Pembroke left the bulk of his unentailed and personal estate to his only son by his second wife, Sidney (later created Baron Herbert of Lea).

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Lundy, Darryl. George Augustus Herbert, 11th Earl of Pembroke, ThePeerage.com, accessed 23 May 2012
  2. ^ Woronzow, HumphrysFamilyTree, accessed 4 April 2012
  3. ^ "Mary Caroline (née Herbert), Marchioness of Ailesbury (1813-1892), Wife of 2nd Marquess of Ailesbury; daughter of 11th Earl of Pembroke". National Portrait Gallery, London.

References[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Hon. Henry Herbert
Charles Herbert
Member of Parliament for Wilton
1780–1785
With: William Gerard Hamilton
Succeeded by
William Gerard Hamilton
Philip Goldsworthy
Preceded by
William Gerard Hamilton
Philip Goldsworthy
Member of Parliament for Wilton
1788–1794
With: William Gerard Hamilton 1788–1790
The Viscount FitzWilliam 1790–1794
Succeeded by
The Viscount FitzWilliam
Philip Goldsworthy
Political offices
Preceded by
Viscount Chewton
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household
1784–1794
Succeeded by
Hon. Charles Greville
Military offices
Preceded by
James Johnston
Colonel of the 6th (Inniskilling) Regiment of Dragoons
1797–1827
Succeeded by
Sir William Lumley
Preceded by
The Earl Grey
Governor of Guernsey
1807–1827
Succeeded by
Sir William Keppel
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Pembroke
Lord Lieutenant of Wiltshire
1794–1827
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Lansdowne
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Henry Herbert
Earl of Pembroke
1794–1827
Succeeded by
Robert Herbert