George Hilton (historian)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
George W. Hilton
Born(1925-01-18)January 18, 1925
DiedAugust 4, 2014(2014-08-04) (aged 89)
FieldHistorian and economist
Alma materUniversity of Chicago

George Woodman Hilton (January 18, 1925 – August 4, 2014) was a United States historian and economist, who specialized in social history, transportation economics, regulation by commission, the history of economic thought and labor history.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

Born in Chicago,[2] Hilton attended Dartmouth College and earned his A.B. in Economics summa cum laude in 1946. He obtained his M.A. in 1950. Hilton attended the London School of Economics in 1953-1955, and obtained his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1956.


He then taught for many years at the University of California, Los Angeles, and was later a Professor Emeritus of Economics at UCLA.[3] He served as the Acting Curator of Rail Transportation at the Smithsonian Institution from July 1968 through June 1969. He died of heart disease in 2014, aged 89.[4]


Books and Academic Articles

  • Hilton, G. W. (1954) Cable railways of Chicago, Electric Railway Historical Society.
  • Hilton, G. W. (1957) "The British Truck System in the Nineteenth Century," Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 65, pp. 237–256.
  • Hilton, G. W.(1958) (April 1958). "The truck act of 1831". The Economic History Review. 10 (3): 470–479. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1958.tb00020.x.
  • Hilton, G. W. (1959) (1959), "The theory of tax incidence applied to the gains of labor unions", in Abramovitz, Moses; et al. (eds.), The allocation of economic resources: essays in honor of Bernard Francis Haley, Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, OCLC 490147128. ISBN 9780804705684.
  • Hilton, G. W. (1960) The truck system including a history of the British truck acts 1465-1960
  • Hilton, George W.; Due, John Fitzgerald (1960). The Electric Interurban Railways in America. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-4014-2. OCLC 237973.
  • Hilton, G. W. (1962) The Great Lakes car ferries (Howell-North, Berkeley, California)
  • Hilton, G. W. (1963) The Ma and Pa: A History of the Maryland and Pennsylvania Railroad. Howell-North Books (Second edition, 1980; revised, 1999, The Johns Hopkins University Press)
  • Hilton, G. W. (1964) "The Controversy Concerning Relief for the Hand-Loom Weavers," Explorations in Entrepreneurial History, Second Series, Vol. 1, No. 2, Winter 1964, pp. 164–186.
  • Hilton, G. W. (1964) The Staten Island Ferry, Howell-North Books, First edition.
  • Hilton, G. W. (1966) "The Consistency of the Interstate Commerce Act," Journal of Law and Economics, Vol. 9, pp, 87-113.
  • Hilton, G. W. (1967) "Rail transit and the pattern of cities: the California case", Traffic Quarterly, vol. 3, (1967).
  • Hilton, G. W. (1968) The Night Boat, Howell-North Books, First edition.
  • Hilton, G. W. (1969) The Transportation Act of 1958: A decade of experience, Indiana University Press, First edition.
  • Hilton, G. W. (1971) The Cable Car in America (Revised edition, 1982)
  • Hilton, G.W.; Eckert, R.D. (1972) "The Jitneys," Journal of Law & Economics, Vol. 15, No. 2 (Oct 1972), pp. 293–325.
  • Hilton, G. W. (1974) Federal Transit Subsidies: The Urban Mass Transportation Assistance Program. (AEI) [1]
  • Hilton, G. W. (1975) The Northeast railroad problem (AEI)] Pdf.
  • Hilton, G. W.; Jobe, Joseph and Plummer, Russell (1976) The illustrated history of paddle steamers Two Continents Publishing Group.
  • Hilton, G. W. (1976) "What did we give wp with the big red cars?" (article)
  • Hilton, George W. (1980). Amtrak: The National Railroad Passenger Corporation (PDF). Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research. ISBN 0-8447-3369-5. OCLC 5777023.
  • Hilton, G. W. (1987) Monon Route, Howell-North.
  • Hilton, G. W. (1997) [1990]. American narrow gauge railroads. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-1731-1.
  • Hilton, G. W. (1995) The annotated baseball stories of Ring W. Lardner, 1914-1919 Stanford University Press, First edition.
  • Hilton, G. W. (1995) Eastland: legacy of the Titanic Stanford University Press.
  • Hilton, G. W. (1997) The Toledo, Port Clinton & Lakeside Railway, Montevallo Historical Press.
  • Hilton, G. W. (1997) Nellie Farren, Sir Arthur Sullivan Society.
  • Hilton, G. W. (2002) Lake Michigan passenger steamers, Stanford University Press.
  • Hilton, G. W. (2002) editor, The Front Page: From Theater to Reality, Hanover: Smith and Kraus, Inc.

Articles and Comments published in Trains Magazine, 1945 - 1993

  • Pere Marquette, August 1945 issue, pages 7–21
  • Tennessee Central, January 1946 issue, pages 8–15
  • Meets All Trains, August 1946 issue, pages 48–49
  • Carquinez Train Ferries, August 1946 issue, pages 36–39
  • Where 19th Century Carferries Float On, March 1965 issue, pages 24–27
  • What Does Manx Mean?, September 1966 issue, pages 24–27
  • What Went Wrong and What to Do About It, January 1967 issue, pages 36–45
  • Muckraking in a Day Coach, June 1968 issue, pages 48–50
  • The Promise of Promontory, May 1969 issue, pages 20–28
  • What Was Grand About Grand Central, September 1969 issue, pages 20–28
  • Ralph in the Roundhouse, November 1970 issue, pages 44–47
  • Please, No Hero for the North Western, January 1971 issue, pages 27–28
  • Integration in the North, July 1971 issue, pages 36–43
  • The View of the Viaduct from in Front of the Diner, May 1972 issue, pages 20–25
  • What Does the ICC Cost You and Me?, October 1972 issue, pages 24–28
  • Turntable: Good News from the Lehigh Valley, August 1973 issue, page 58
  • Department-Store Mural, March 1974 issue, page 43
  • Why Pre-Electronic Railroading Survives, May 1974 issue, pages 20–24
  • Turntable: Railfanning as Education, November 1974 issue, page 66
  • Great Lakes Car Ferries: An Endangered Species, January 1975 issue, pages 42–51
  • Turntable: The View from Middle Age, November 1975 issue, page 82
  • Slack, February 1976 issue, pages 22–28
  • What Does the ICC Cost You and Me? Currently, That Is, June 1978 issue, pages 28–32
  • The One Best Place to Watch Trains, December 1980 issue, pages 28–38
  • Turntable: Infran-canin-ophilia, March 1983 issue, page 66
  • Turntable: Railfanning without Railroads, September 1984 issue, page 70
  • Turntable: Is Railroading Worth a Lifetime?, February 1985 issue, page 70
  • Turntable: In Praise of the Unbuilt, February 1986 issue, page 70
  • Turntable: What Should Be Preserved from the ICC, November 1987 issue, page 90
  • Perspectives: The Trains Were in Transition, and It Was a Fascinating Railroad Business, November 1990 issue, pages 82–83
  • ABCs of Railroading: A History of Track Gauge, September 1992 issue, pages 23–24
  • Regrets from Early Youth, July 1993 issue, page 76


  1. ^ Lester, David C. (7 August 2014). "Transportation historian George W. Hilton dies". Trains. Kalmbach Publishing.
  2. ^ Simmons-Boardman (1971). Who's who in railroading and rail transit. New York: Simmons-Boardman Publishing Corporation. p. 188. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
  3. ^ faculty page at UCLA Archived 2015-11-03 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved November 9, 2013.
  4. ^ Rasmussen, Frederick N.; Baltimore, Sun (13 August 2014). "George W. Hilton, professor and author of history of 'Ma & Pa' railroad, dies at 89". The Washington Post. Nash Holdings LLC. Retrieved 3 November 2014.