George Hoadley (Alberta politician)

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George Hoadley
George Hoadley - (ca.1920-ca.1935) (16246026444).jpg
Leader of the Official Opposition in Alberta
In office
February 7, 1918 – April 17, 1919
Preceded byEdward Michener
Succeeded byJames Ramsey
Member of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta
In office
In office
Succeeded byWilliam Morrison
ConstituencyOkotoks-High River
Personal details
Born(1867-05-16)May 16, 1867
Abbey, England
DiedDecember 14, 1955(1955-12-14) (aged 88)
Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
Political partyUnited Farmers of Alberta (1921-1935)
Other political
Conservative (1909–1921); Opposition Left (Feb-July 1921)

George Hoadley (May 16, 1867 – December 14, 1955) was a long serving popular provincial politician and rancher from Alberta, Canada. Hoadley served a legendary career in the Alberta legislature during the early years when he led the Alberta Conservative Party in opposition and his effect in shaping policy in the province is widely remembered to this day as he served a broad range of portfolios during his years in the United Farmers government.

Early political career[edit]

Hoadley was born at Abbey, England and came to Canada in 1890.[1] Hoadley first ran for public office in the 1902 Northwest Territories general election. He was defeated in the High River electoral district by Richard Wallace

Hoadley ran again for a seat in the Alberta Legislature seven years later. He won his seat in 1909 Alberta general election in the newly created electoral district of Okotoks. Hoadley won a hotly contested and very close election against Liberal candidate M. McHardy. He served his first term in the Legislative Assembly in the opposition Conservative caucus.

Hoadley sought a second term in office standing for re-election in the 1913 Alberta general election. He retained his seat, increasing his margin of victory.

Hoadley was re-elected to a third term in office again with increased plurality in the 1917 Alberta general election. His third term saw him assume the reins as the Conservative Party leader and become Leader of the Official Opposition.

Opposition leader[edit]

Hoadley having been one of the most senior Conservative MLAs led the Alberta Conservative Party and became leader of His Majesty's Loyal Opposition in Alberta for three years. He took over the party's leadership from Edward Michener in 1917 after Michener resigned from the Legislature to take a seat in the Senate of Canada.[2]

Hoadey was stripped of his leadership of the Conservatives at a caucus meeting in 1920. Members of the Conservative caucus decided James Ramsey should temporarily be the new leader.[3]

United Farmers[edit]

Hoadley switched party affiliations in 1921 after being removed as leader of the Conservatives. He crossed the floor to the unproven United Farmers of Alberta political party.[2] He was acclaimed at a nomination meeting as the Okotoks candidate on July 9, 1921.[2]

Hoadley would stand for re-election in his Okotoks district for the 1921 Alberta general election under the United Farmer banner. He was re-elected with a landslide taking about 74% of the popular vote.[4] The switch in parties had worked to his favor and he was the only member from the Conservative caucus that had kept his seat in that election..

Hoadley's prior years of experience in the legislature made him a very valuable asset to the new government and he was sworn into his first cabinet post. Hoadley was given the Minister of Agriculture portfolio in the new United Farmers government by Premier Herbert Greenfield. He was re-elected by acclamation in a Ministerial By-election in December 1921.[5]

Hoadley served as Minister of Agriculture (1921-1934), Minister of Public Health (1923-1935), Provincial Secretary (1925-1926), and Minister of Railways and Telephones (1935-1936) during the 15 years of the UFA government.[6]

Sexual sterilization[edit]

Hoadley was one of the primary architects behind the Sexual Sterilization Act one of the most controversial pieces of legislation in Alberta history.[7]


With the United Farmers of Alberta sagging in popular support in the midst of the Great Depression, Hoadley attempted to run for a record 7th term in office. When the returns of the 1935 Alberta general election had come in Hoadley in his Okotoks riding that he had held since its inception in 1909. The result of the vote had him defeated in a landslide. The plurality Social Credit candidate William Morrison was just over 2000 votes, putting Hoadley a distant second place in the standings out of four candidates. His career of a record 26-consecutive years in the legislature came to an end.

Hoadley served as an elected member of the executive for the Western Livestock Union.[8] He died in 1955 in Victoria, British Columbia.[9]

The town of Hoadley, Alberta was named in his honor.[10] In addition to the town the Hoadley Post Office in Haverigg, Alberta was also renamed in his honor in 1924.[11]


  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ a b c "Hoadley is Endorsed by Okotoks U.F.A.". Vol. XIV. The Lethbridge Daily Herald. March 30, 1921. p. 1.
  3. ^ "The Field of Politics". Manitoba Free Press. November 30, 1920. p. 1.
  4. ^ "Okotoks results 1921 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved 2009-05-17.
  5. ^ "Past By-Election results". Elections Alberta. Archived from the original on 2009-06-07. Retrieved 2009-05-17.
  6. ^
  7. ^ "Sexual Sterilization Act". Government of Alberta. March 21, 1928. Retrieved 2007-08-03.
  8. ^ "Stock Men Re-elect Hutton as President". Manitoba Free Press. November 30, 1920. p. 6.
  9. ^ [2]
  10. ^ "Hoadley, Alberta profile". ePodunk. Retrieved 2007-08-03.
  11. ^ "Alberta Hansard: Speakers Comment" (PDF). Legislative Assembly of Alberta. August 24, 2006. Retrieved 2007-08-03.

External links[edit]

Legislative Assembly of Alberta
Preceded by
New District
MLA Okotoks
Succeeded by
District Abolished
Preceded by
New District
MLA Okotoks-High River
Succeeded by
William Morrison
Preceded by
Edward Michener
Leader of the Official Opposition in Alberta
Succeeded by
James Ramsey