George Hogarth

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George Hogarth WS (6 September 1783 – 12 February 1870) was a Scottish lawyer, newspaper editor, music critic, and musicologist. He authored several books on opera and Victorian musical life in addition to contributing articles to various publications.

George Hogarth
George Hogarth.jpg
George Hogarth
Born
George Hogarth

(1783-09-06)September 6, 1783
Carfraemill, near Lauder, Berwickshire
DiedFebruary 12, 1870(1870-02-12) (aged 86)
London, England
NationalityScottish
OccupationLawyer, Newspapaer Editor, Music Critic, Musicologist.

Life[edit]

Born in Carfraemill near Lauder in Berwickshire, he was the eldest son of Robert Hogarth, a farmer, and his wife, Mary Scott.

Hogarth studied law and music at the University of Edinburgh and became a violoncellist and a composer, and acted as joint secretary to the Edinburgh Music Festival. He practiced law during the first two decades of the 19th century; counting among his clients Sir Walter Scott. On 30 May 1814, Hogarth married Georgina Thomson, the daughter of music publisher and editor George Thomson, their marriage producing 10 children.[1] In 1817, Hogarth, his brother-in-law James Ballantyne and Walter Scott bought the Edinburgh Weekly Journal. He lived then at 2 Nelson Street in Edinburgh's Second New Town.[2] He moved to 19 Albany street in the late 1820s.[3]

He first worked as a music critic for The Harmonicon and the Edinburgh Courant magazine during the 1820s, continuing with The Harmonicon in the early 1830s after moving his family to London. In 1831 Hogarth was editor of a pro-Tory newspaper the Western Luminary, then in 1832 moved to Halifax becoming the first editor of the Halifax Guardian. In 1834, he became a music critic for The Morning Chronicle newspaper in London, and in 1835 he became editor-in-chief of The Evening Chronicle, a post he held for twenty years.[4]

From 1846–1866 he worked as a music critic for The Daily News, a paper which was founded by the novelist Charles Dickens. He had previously met Dickens in 1834 while they were both working for the Morning Chronicle. In 1836 Dickens married Hogarth's eldest daughter Catherine. One of his younger daughters, Georgina, was Dickens' housekeeper, adviser, and, after Dickens' death, the editor of The Letters Of Charles Dickens From 1833 To 1870. From 1850–1864 Hogarth served as the Royal Philharmonic Society's Secretary. During the last years of his life he worked as an editor for the Evening Chronicle.

He died in London in 1870 at the age of 86. He is buried in the Kensal Green Cemetery.

Works[edit]

  • Lives of celebrated musicians : Beethoven (1800, R. Cocks & Co., London)
  • Musical history, biography, and criticism: being a general survey of music, from the earliest period to the present time (1835, J.W. Parker, London)
  • Memoirs of the musical drama, Vol. 1 (1838, R. Bentley, London)
  • Memoirs of the musical drama, Vol. 2 (1838, R. Bentley, London)
  • Musical history, biography, and criticism, Vol. 1 (1838, Da Capo Press, New York)
  • Musical history, biography, and criticism, Vol. 2 (1838, Da Capo Press, New York)
  • Memoirs of the opera in Italy, France, Germany, and England, Vol. 1 (1851, R. Bentley, London)
  • Memoirs of the opera in Italy, France, Germany, and England, Vol. 2 (1851, R. Bentley, London)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nayder, Lillian (1 April 2012). The Other Dickens: a life of Catherine Hogarth. Cornell University Press. p. 27. ISBN 0-8014-6506-0. The children were Catherine, Robert, Mary (died in infancy), Mary, George, William, James, Georgina, Helen, and Edward.
  2. ^ Edinburgh Post Office Directory 1820
  3. ^ Edinburgh Post Office Directory 1830
  4. ^ Smiley, Jane (2002). Charles Dickens. Viking Adult. ISBN 0-670-03077-5.

Sources[edit]

  • John Warrack, "Hogarth, George (1783–1870)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 2004