George Howard, 9th Earl of Carlisle

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George Howard as sketched by Edward Burne-Jones. Drawing in the Delaware Art Museum

George James Howard, 9th Earl of Carlisle (12 August 1843 – 16 April 1911), known as George Howard until 1889, was an English aristocrat, peer, politician, and painter.[1] He was the last Earl of Carlisle to own Castle Howard.

Background and education[edit]

Howard was born in London, England, the son of Charles Howard, fifth son of George Howard, 6th Earl of Carlisle. His mother was the Honourable Mary Parke, daughter of James Parke, 1st Baron Wensleydale.[2] He was educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge,[3][4] where he joined the Cambridge Apostles in 1864.[5] After graduating from Cambridge he studied at Heatherley School of Fine Art in London.

Artistic career[edit]

Edward Burne-Jones as drawn by Lord Carlisle
1 Palace Green, London, built for him in 1870

Howard's art teachers were Alphonse Legros and Giovanni Costa, and he belonged to the 'Etruscan School'[6] of painters. He married Rosalind Frances Stanley in 1864, but did not share her campaigning interests, although he supported temperance. He was a friend of, and a patron to, a number of the artists of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, being particularly close to Edward Burne-Jones.[7]

The Howards lived in London in Kensington, in a house at 1 Palace Green,[8] built for them by Arts and Crafts architect Philip Webb in 1870,[9] and at Naworth Castle. Among their visitors at Naworth were Robert Browning, William Ewart Gladstone, Lewis Carroll, Alfred, Lord Tennyson and many others stayed with them at Naworth.[10] William Morris was an intimate friend, and his wallpapers were used in Kensington, at Naworth Castle and at Castle Howard when George inherited it.[11] With Morris and Webb he was one of the founding members of the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings.[12]


Lord Carlisle's work can be found in a number of public and private collections, including the Tate,[13] York Art Gallery, the Government Art Collection,[14] the National Portrait Gallery, the Ashmolean Museum, the Delaware Art Museum, the Castle Howard collection and the British Library.

Political career[edit]

Howard was Liberal Party Member of Parliament for East Cumberland between 1879 and 1880 and again between 1881 and 1885. He succeeded in the earldom in 1889 on the death of his uncle The 8th Earl of Carlisle. He was a trustee of the National Gallery.[15]


Lord Carlisle married the Honourable Rosalind Frances Stanley, daughter of Edward Stanley, 2nd Baron Stanley of Alderley, in 1864. They had eleven children:

  • Lady Mary Henrietta Howard (d. 2 September 1956) married George Gilbert Aimé Murray (d. 20 May 1957) on 30 November 1889.
  • Charles James Stanley Howard, 10th Earl of Carlisle (8 March 1867 – 20 January 1912).
  • Lady Cecilia Howard (d. 6 May 1947) married Charles Henry Roberts (d. 25 July 1959) on 7 April 1891.
  • Hon. Hubert George Lyulph Howard (3 April 1871 - September 1898), killed at the Battle of Omdurman.
  • Hon. Christopher Edward Howard (2 June 1873 – 1 September 1896).
  • Hon. Oliver Howard (b. 14 March 1875) married Muriel Stephenson (1876–1952) on 17 March 1900; had issue: Hubert Arthur George Howard (b. 1901) and Gwendolen Georgiana Howard (b. 1902).
  • Hon. Geoffrey William Algernon Howard (12 February 1877 – 20 June 1935).
  • Hon. Michael Francis Stafford Howard (23 January 1880 – 9 October 1917) married Nora Hensman (d. 1961) on 30 November 1911; had issue: Eric Bertram Howard (b. 1917) and Geraldine Mary Howard (b. 1917).
  • Lady Dorothy Howard (d. 14 September 1968) married Francis Robert Eden (1877–1962) on 14 October 1913; had issue: Michael Francis Eden (b. 1914), Barbara Dorothy Eden, Griselda Rosalind Eden (b. 1917), Nancy Clare Eden (b. 1918), and Roger Quentin Eden (b. 1922).
  • Lady Elizabeth Dacre Howard (b. and d. 1883).
  • Lady Aurea Howard (b. 1884) married Denyss Chamberlaine Wace in 1923; Major Thomas MacLeod OBE in 1928.

Lord Carlisle died at Hindhead, Brackland, Surrey, in April 1911, aged 67. His eldest son Charles succeeded in the earldom. The Countess of Carlisle died in August 1921, aged 76.[2]



  1. ^  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1912). "Howard, George James". Dictionary of National Biography, 1912 supplement​. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  2. ^ a b George James Howard, 9th Earl of Carlisle
  3. ^ "Howard, George James (HWRT860GJ)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  4. ^ Biography for: George James Howard Archived 5 November 2005 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ The Apostles
  6. ^ [1]; the name Etruscan School was applied only in the 1880s to the grouping around Costa, and George Howard has been credited with assembling them from 1882 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 September 2006. Retrieved 6 March 2007. .
  7. ^ Judith Flanders, A Circle of Sisters (2001), p.111.
  8. ^ [2]; photos of decorations by Burne-Jones, William Morris, Walter Crane and Webb, From: 'Plate 109: No. 1 Palace Green, morning-room.', Survey of London: volume 37: Northern Kensington (1973), p. 109. URL: Date accessed: 6 March 2007. [3]
  9. ^ Kirk, Sheila (2005). Philip Webb: Pioneer of Arts & Crafts Architecture. Chichester: Wiley-Academy. p. 297. ISBN 0470868082. 
  10. ^ Iain Finlayson, Browning: A Private Life (2004) p.605.
  11. ^ William Morris - Victoria and Albert Museum
  12. ^ "Miele, Chris. Ed (2005) From William Morris. Building Conservation and the Arts and Crafts Cult of Authenticity 1877-1939. New Haven and London. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-10730-7"
  13. ^ George Howard in the Tate collection
  14. ^ The Baths of Caracalla by George Howard in the Government Art Collection
  15. ^ Earls of Carlisle - LoveToKnow 1911 Archived 4 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  • Virginia Surtees (1988) The Artist and the Autocrat. George and Rosalind Howard, Earl and Countess of Carlisle
  • Robin Gibson, George Howard and His Circle at Carlisle, The Burlington Magazine, Vol. 110, No. 789, Special Issue Commemorating the Bicentenary of The Royal Academy (1768–1968) (Dec., 1968), p. 720

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Charles Wentworth George Howard
Edward Stafford Howard
Member of Parliament for Cumberland East
With: Edward Stafford Howard
Succeeded by
Edward Stafford Howard
Sir Richard Musgrave
Preceded by
Edward Stafford Howard
Sir Richard Musgrave
Member of Parliament for Cumberland East
With: Edward Stafford Howard
Constituency abolished
Peerage of England
Preceded by
William George Howard
Earl of Carlisle
Succeeded by
Charles James Stanley Howard