George IV, Brixton
|George IV, Brixton, UK|
George IV in September 2012
George IV, Brixton was a public house and concert and dance venue at 144 Brixton Hill, in Brixton, London. It was also sometimes known as George Four. At the junction with Waterworks Road, the venue in 2007 became the Southside Bar and later the Music Bar. Following its closure in 2012, plans were submitted by Tesco to open a convenience store at the premises.
The George IV is marked on Stanford's 1864 map; the pub can be seen to the right of the Lambeth Water Works and Female Convict Prison on Brixton Hill at the junction with George Place. It does not appear on Whitbread's 1865 map, although the White Horse to the north is marked. An Ordnance Survey 1:2,500 map from 1874-75 shows the location of the George IV marked with the letters 'PH'.[better source needed] Bartholemew's 1908 map did not mark public houses, but it showed the road to the side of the pub as Waterworks Road.
The 1901 census showed 144 Brixton Hill as The Telegraph public house. That could have been a clerical error during the census data's transcription - the same census also documented the existence of a Telegraph public house at 228 Brixton Hill. The 1901 census data list a licensed victualler, his wife, mother, three sons, daughter and niece as the occupiers of 144 Brixton Hill. There were also four servants: a housemaid, two barmen and a cook. The 1911 census showed 144 Brixton Hill as the George IV, with the same head of household as in 1901, and a total of 11 people living in the property.
In mid-2012, the Tesco supermarket chain revealed that it planned to open a “convenience store” format Tesco Express store on the site. The plan was not welcomed. “A great many people have expressed to me their opposition to the opening of a Tesco at this site in Brixton Hill – our area simply doesn’t need and doesn’t want a new Tesco Express on the site,” said Chuka Umunna, the area’s MP, “I fear...the negative impact this proposed store will have on local businesses, local jobs and the character of the local area...There is still time for Tesco to change their minds and I urge them to do so immediately.” A company spokesperson had told him in a 5 December 2012 letter: “I am aware of a variety of views within the community about our plans for a new Express store.”
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During the early 2000s, the George IV had three main areas: a patio garden at the front, with around ten pub table-benches; a front room with a traditional, oval-shaped wooden bar in the centre; and a room at the back with DJ decks, huge speakers, and a dry-ice machine.
Around 2001, a wooden fence was erected around the front patio garden, blocking views to and from the road.
In early 2003, the traditional wooden bar was demolished to leave a bare front room with a modern-type bar down one side.
The Basement Jaxx club night was held in the rear at the George IV from 1994, amongst other venues. Basement Jaxx attribute a significant part of their style to their formative times at the George IV; Simon Ratcliffe explained that the venue is "where our chaos comes from... there was always feedback, records jumping, things going wrong—but people cheered 'cause there was a real vibe; it wasn't clinical".
During the early half of the 2000s, there were regular club events at the George IV, on Thursday, Friday and Saturday nights, and on Saturday and Sunday during the day.
- Music Bar George IV on Brixton Hill to become Tesco?, Tim Dickens, Brixton Blog, July 27, 2012.Retrieved: 17 December, 2012
- Update: the latest on Tesco’s attempt to open on Brixton Hill, posted on Chuka Umunna’s website, 17 December 2012.Retrieved: 17 December, 2012.
- Stanford's Library Map Of London And Its Suburbs 1864, Showing All The Proposed Metropolitan Railways and Improvements; David Hale, MAPCO: Map And Plan Collection Online.
- Whitbread's Map Of London 1865 Extending Four Miles Round Charing-Cross; David Hale, MAPCO: Map And Plan Collection Online.
- Ordnance Survey County Series Maps, Cassini Maps
- Bartholomew's Handy Reference Atlas Of London & Suburbs 1908; David Hale, MAPCO: Map And Plan Collection Online.
- 1901 Census of England and Wales
- 1911 Census of England and Wales
- "The George IV". View London. Archived from the original on 16 September 2011.
- "The George IV, Brixton". Beer in the Evening. Archived from the original on 16 September 2011.
- "Southside Bar". Don't Stay In. Archived from the original on 16 September 2011.
- "Brixton: pubs and bars reviews". Urban75. Archived from the original on 16 September 2011.
- "George IV Reunion". moreonthedoor.com. Archived from the original on 3 December 2011.
- "Basement Jaxx: This is the house that Jaxx built". The Independent. 29 June 2001. Archived from the original on 7 January 2011.
- "All right Jaxx". The Telegraph. 25 June 2001. Archived from the original on 7 January 2011.
- "Revival of the Year", pp82-84, Spin Magazine, January 2000
- "Photograph of George the Fourth Hotel/Brixton Hill Estate, 144-156 Brixton Hill: looking South, in 1905". Collage, London Metropolitan Archives, City of London, UK. Archived from the original on 2015-01-29. Retrieved 2015-01-29.