Eagleswood Military Academy

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George Inness House
Eagleswood Mansion
Eagleswood Military Academy is located in Middlesex County, New Jersey
Eagleswood Military Academy
Location 313 Convery Blvd
Perth Amboy, New Jersey
Coordinates 40°30′50″N 74°17′16″W / 40.51389°N 74.28778°W / 40.51389; -74.28778
Architectural style Second Empire
NRHP reference # 79003250[1]
NJRHP # 1893[2]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 10, 1979
Designated NJRHP July 21, 1979

The Eagleswood Military Academy was a private military academy in Perth Amboy, in Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States, which served antebellum educational needs.

The Eagleswood Military Academy was started by Rebecca Spring (1812–1911) and Marcus Spring (1810–1874) in 1861 in the vicinity of the Route 35/Smith Street intersection.[3] The Springs initially started the Raritan Bay Union, as a utopian community in 1853, but the Union closed in 1860.[4]

Rebecca had the bodies of A.D. Stevens and A.E. Hazlett, from John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry, buried on her property.[5]

The grounds, approximately 260 acres (110 ha), were recorded in the largest survey conducted by Henry David Thoreau.[6] The Eagleswood Mansion was located on the grounds. The house was listed on the New Jersey Register of Historic Places and the National Register of Historic Places as the George Inness House and was demolished in 1993.[1][2] George Inness, the American painter, stayed at the home in the 1860s. Edward L. Kemeys (1843–1907) was another artist who spent time in residence at Eagleswood.[7]

The start of the American Civil War caused many of the Academy's teachers to join the war effort and the school was forced to close, having inadequate staff and enrollment to continue its existence. Several years later, the site became the Eagleswood Park Hotel until 1888, when the Eagleswood estate was sold by the Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Company to Calvin Pardee. He built a ceramic tile company on the site.

Notable students[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "New Jersey - Middlesex County". National Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 2011-07-05. 
  2. ^ a b "New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places – Middlesex County" (PDF). NJ DEP – Historic Preservation Office. June 2, 2011. p. 7. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-04. Retrieved 2011-06-06. 
  3. ^ "The History of Perth Amboy". ci.perthamboy.nj.us. Retrieved 2015-03-02. 
  4. ^ Burstyn, J.N.; Women's Project of New Jersey (1996). Past and Promise: Lives of New Jersey Women. Syracuse University Press. p. 85. ISBN 9780815604181. Retrieved 2015-03-02. 
  5. ^ "John Brown's Men Disinterred.". New York Times. August 29, 1899. 
  6. ^ Wayne T. Dilts. "Thoreau's New Jersey Connection". thoreau.eserver.org. Retrieved 2015-03-02. 
  7. ^ "The History of Perth Amboy". City of Perth Amboy. Retrieved 2011-06-06. 

Coordinates: 40°30′45″N 74°17′11″W / 40.512576°N 74.286321°W / 40.512576; -74.286321