George Jackson (song)

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"George Jackson"
George Jackson Single Cover.jpg
Sleeve cover for the West German release of the single "George Jackson." The photo used is from The Concert for Bangladesh
Single by Bob Dylan
A-side"George Jackson (Big Band version)"
B-side"George Jackson (Acoustic version)"
ReleasedNovember 12, 1971
RecordedNovember 4, 1971
StudioColumbia Studio B, New York City
GenreRock, folk, protest song
Length5:38 (Big Band version) / 3:37 (Acoustic version)
LabelColumbia
Songwriter(s)Bob Dylan
Producer(s)Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan discography singles chronology
"Watching the River Flow"
(1971)
"George Jackson"
(1971)
"Knockin' on Heaven's Door"
(1973)

"George Jackson" is a song by Bob Dylan, written in 1971, in tribute to the Black Panther leader George Jackson, who had been shot and killed by guards at San Quentin Prison on August 21, 1971, during an attempted escape from prison. The event indirectly provoked the Attica Prison riot.

Background[edit]

George Jackson[edit]

The Chicago born George Jackson was convicted of armed robbery in 1961, and was punished with an indeterminate sentence in the San Quentin State Prison. It was in San Quentin that George Jackson found radical politics, and began his journey as a Black activist. Jackson, along with other politicized black inmates, began the Black Guerilla Family, and became involved with the Black Panthers after being transferred to Soledad Prison in 1969. Soledad's existing racial tension, as well as Jackson's increased criticism of the US prison system, caused problems for Jackson with white inmates and guards. In 1970, he was charged, along with two other Soledad Brothers, with the murder of prison guard John Vincent Mills in the aftermath of a prison fight.[1] Numerous parole hearings, denied appeals,[2] culminated into an attempted prison escape, when George Jackson was killed in the prison yard by a guard from a watch tower. Jackson and other prisoners took hostages during the attempt and five hostages were found dead in Jackson's cell after the incident.[3]

Composition and recording[edit]

Dylan recorded the song at Columbia Studio B, on November 4, 1971[4] and it was quickly released as a 45 rpm single, Columbia 4-45516, on November 12, 1971.[5] The single consisted of a "Big Band version" of the song on Side A and an "Acoustic version" on Side B.[6]

Reception[edit]

Commercial reception[edit]

"George Jackson" was a Top 40 hit in the Netherlands,[7] and on the US Billboard charts.[8] The song debuted on the Billboard Hot 100 chart at #93 on December 4, 1971,[9] peaking at #33, and remained on the charts for 7 weeks.[10] The "Big Band version" was later included on the 1978 album Masterpieces, released in Japan and Australia. This package was removed from iTunes in December 2009. The acoustic version is available on the Side Tracks double album, included in the box set Bob Dylan – The Complete Album Collection Vol.1, released in 2013.

Social reception[edit]

The song comes out after a long hiatus from Dylan after his motorcycle accident. The release did cause controversy in some radio stations due to both the song's contentious subject,[11] and the use of an explicit lyric in the third verse. Some stations opted to censor the term, while others opted not to play the song at all.[12]

Significance[edit]

Considered within the chronology of Dylan's work, the song "George Jackson" is of special significance, because, along with "When I Paint My Masterpiece" and the single "Watching the River Flow," it represents the only wholly new work to appear from Dylan in the years 1971–72, the period between the albums New Morning (1970) and Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid (1973). From the time of the appearance of his first album in 1962 until the 1990s, this was the longest period that Dylan went without releasing an album of new material (although he made several new recordings of older songs to be released for the first time in a Dylan performance on 1971's Bob Dylan's Greatest Hits Vol. II).

Bob Dylan political activism[edit]

Bob Dylan's involvement with specific civil rights groups and organizations is not clear, but his music made him a widely influential figure in the American protest movement of the 1960s, though he did not necessarily want to be associated with the label.[13] After several albums and a traumatic motorcycle accident in 1966, Dylan took a break from the public light. Bob Dylan biographer Anthony Scaduto alleges that the song may have been written in part as a response to fellow musician and political activist, Joan Baez, who urged him to get back into political activism in her song "To Bobby".[14]

Cover versions[edit]

The song was recorded 33 years later by Steel Pulse on their 2004 album, African Holocaust; the album which also included an updated version of their own song 'Uncle George', which was also in tribute to George Jackson.

Joan Baez performed a live cover of "George Jackson" on May 25, 1977 in New York, NY while on tour.[15]

Personnel[edit]

Big Band version

Acoustic version

  • Bob Dylan – guitar, harmonica, vocal[5]

Charts[edit]

Chart (1971) Peak
position
Dutch Single Top 100 11[7]
US Billboard Hot 100 33[8]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Bernstein, Lee (2007). "The Age of Jackson: George Jackson and the Culture of American Prisons in the 1970s". The Journal of American Culture. 30 (3): 310–323. doi:10.1111/j.1542-734X.2007.00559.x. ISSN 1542-734X.
  2. ^ Jackson, George. (1994). Soledad Brother : the Prison Letters of George Jackson. Chicago Review Press. ISBN 1306060885. OCLC 862379676.
  3. ^ Cummins, Eric, 1949- (1994). The rise and fall of California's radical prison movement. Stanford University Press. ISBN 0804722315. OCLC 28112851.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  4. ^ Heylin 2009, pp. 514–517
  5. ^ a b ""Still On the Road (the Bob Dylan Recording Sessions)" 1971". Bjorner.com. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  6. ^ "1971 George Jackson". Searchingforagem.com. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  7. ^ a b Bob Dylan – George Jackson (GfK Dutch Charts)
  8. ^ a b Bob Dylan: Awards
  9. ^ "Billboard Hot 100" (PDF). Billboard.
  10. ^ "Billboard Hot 100" (PDF). Billboard.
  11. ^ "Bob Dylan: Everybody Wants Me to Be Just Like Them". Rolling Stone. 1972-01-06. Retrieved 2019-06-03.
  12. ^ Tiegel, Eliot (December 4, 1971). "Dylan Back in Pertinent 'Grooves'" (PDF). Billboard. Retrieved June 2, 2019.
  13. ^ Kraaijvanger, Janou (June 15, 2017). "Bob Dylan as a Political Dissenter" (PDF). Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  14. ^ Scaduto, Anthony (1971-11-28). "'Won't You Listen to the Lambs, Bob Dylan?'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-06-03.
  15. ^ "Joan Baez - George Jackson". www.pastemagazine.com. Retrieved 2019-06-03.

References[edit]