George Jacobs (Salem witch trials)

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George Jacobs Sr.
Born
George Jacob

(1609-02-13)February 13, 1609
DiedAugust 19, 1692(1692-08-19) (aged 83)
Cause of deathHanging
ResidenceProvince of Massachusetts Bay
NationalityEnglish
ChildrenGeorge Jacobs Jr.
Parent(s)George and Priscilla Jacob

George Jacobs Sr. (1609–1692) was an English colonist in his 70s in the Massachusetts Bay Colony who was accused of witchcraft in 1692 during the Salem witch trials in Salem Village, Massachusetts. He was convicted and hanged on August 19, 1692. His son, George Jr., was also accused but evaded arrest. Jacobs' accusers included his daughter-in-law and granddaughter, Margaret.[1]

Jacobs is believed to be the George Jacob baptized 13 February 1608/09 at St. Dunstan in the West, London, son of barber-surgeon George Jacob and wife Priscilla of Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire.[2]

Burial[edit]

Jacobs' body was buried near where he was hanged. In the 1970s bones were found that were believed to be his. They were tested and found to have osteoarthritis. George Jacobs walked with two canes. The bones were found in a drawer at the Danvers Historical Society. At a ceremony in 1992 marking the 300th anniversary of the Salem Witch Trials, Jacobs' remains were reinterred at the Nurse Graveyard at the Rebecca Nurse Homestead, which is maintained as a historic site.[3]

Trial of George Jacobs[edit]

The painting below was created by Thompkins H. Matteson in 1855, and is based on the accounts of George Jacobs' granddaughter.[4] By moving a cursor across the painting, viewers can identify Jacobs, who is being consoled by his son, also named George. The painting is entitled Trial of George Jacobs, August 5, 1692.

Margaret JacobsGeorge Jacobs Sr.William Stoughtonprob. Judge John HathorneRebecca JacobsStephen Sewall (clerk)The Grand Jury?George Jacobs' son George Jr.Sarah Churchill or Ann PutnamBoy possessed?Use cursor to investigate or button to enlarge
George Jacobs accused by his granddaughter - a reconstruction of his trial by Thompkins. H. Matteson

On the left of the painting is Chief Magistrate William Stoughton, who would later serve three terms as Governor of Massachusetts. Jacobs' principal accuser was his granddaughter, who implicated him in an attempt to save her own life. Jacobs' daughter-in-law is the woman standing and being held back. She was thought to be mentally ill (brain tumor). John Hathorne, the judge hearing the accusation, is thought to be an ancestor of Nathaniel Hawthorne. He holds a book and points at Jacobs' granddaughter, as if challenging her to substantiate her earlier written statements. In the foreground are a girl and boy who are having fits, allegedly caused by Jacobs' wizardry. The boy is unknown but the girl may be either Jacobs' servant or accuser Ann Putnam Jr.

Representation in other media[edit]

Jacobs appears as a minor character in the 1996 film The Crucible, based on Arthur Miller's 1953 play about the Salem witch trials. He was portrayed by William Preston.

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ Enders A. Robinson. The Devil Discovered: Salem Witchcraft 1692. Waveland Press, Prospect Heights, IL. 2001 (1991). pp. 336–339.
  2. ^ Fiske, William Wyman (2004). "The Probable English Origin of George1 Jacob(s) of Salem, Massachusetts". The American Genealogist. 79: 3–12, 209–17, 253–59.
  3. ^ Rebecca Nurse Homestead, official site, accessed 28 April 2016
  4. ^ George Jacobs, Sr., Salem Witch Trials, Virginia.edu, accessed 22 August 2008
  5. ^ HABS MASS,5-DAV,7