George John I, Count Palatine of Veldenz

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George John I, Count Palatine of Veldenz
Georg Johann von Pfalz-Veldenz.jpg
Spouse(s) Anna Maria of Sweden
Noble family House of Wittelsbach
Father Rupert, Count Palatine of Veldenz
Mother Ursula of Salm-Kyrburg
Born (1543-04-11)11 April 1543
Died 18 April 1592(1592-04-18) (aged 49)
Lützelstein

George John I (German: Georg Johann I.; sometimes called George Hans) (11 April 1543 – 18 April 1592) was the Duke of Veldenz from 1544 until 1592.

Life[edit]

George John was born in 1543 as the only son of Rupert, Count Palatine of Veldenz. By the Marburg Contract in 1443 his father obtained the County of Veldenz from the line of Palatinate-Zweibrücken. The following year his father died and the one-year-old George John succeeded him. In 1563 he married Anne of Sweden, the daughter of King Gustav I of Sweden, beginning a long-running connection between the Electorate of the Palatinate and Sweden. In 1553 after the Heidelberg War of Succession which regulated the mutual inheritance of all the lines of the House of Wittelsbach, George John obtained the County of Lützelstein. He attempted to develop his Alsatian territories to be the focus of his state, which led to him building the city of Phalsbourg (Pfalzburg) in 1570 and populating it with Protestant refugees from the Duchy of Lorraine. The project was so grand and unaffordable that in 1583 he was forced to sell the city and half the County of Lützelstein to Lorraine.

George John died in Lützelstein in 1592 and was buried in the cities' church.

Gravestone of George John of Veldenz

Marriage[edit]

George John married Anne Maria of Sweden (1545–1610), daughter of King Gustavus I, in 1563 and had the following children:

  1. George Gustavus (1564 – 3 June 1634)
  2. Anne Margaret (28 April 1565 – 2 October 1566)
  3. John Rupert (9 September 1566 – 1 October 1567)
  4. Anne Margaret (17 January 1571 – 1 November 1621)
  5. Ursula (24 February 1572 – 5 March 1635), second wife of Louis III, Duke of Württemberg
  6. Joanna Elizabeth (2 October 1573 – 28 July 1601)
  7. John Augustus (26 November 1575 – 18 September 1611)
  8. Louis Philip (24 November 1577 – 24 October 1601)
  9. Maria Anne (9 June 1579 – 10 October 1579)
  10. Catherine Ursula (3 August 1582 – 22 January 1595)
  11. George John (24 June 1586 – 29 September 1654)

Ancestors[edit]

See also[edit]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Rupert
Duke of Veldenz
1544 – 1592
Succeeded by
George Gustavus
Preceded by
Wolfgang
Count of Lützelstein
1553 – 1592
Succeeded by
John Augustus
Succeeded by
Louis Philip
Succeeded by
George John II