George Johnston (novelist)
|Born||George Henry Johnston
20 July 1912
|Died||22 July 1970
|Notable works||My Brother Jack, Clean Straw for Nothing|
|Notable awards||Miles Franklin Award|
George Henry Johnston OBE (20 July 1912 – 22 July 1970) was an Australian journalist, war correspondent and novelist, best known for My Brother Jack. He was the husband and literary collaborator of Charmian Clift.
George Henry Johnston was born in Melbourne and spent his childhood in the family home in Elsternwick and was educated in local secondary schools before taking up an apprenticeship as a lithographer.
He was subsequently taken on as a journalist for the Melbourne Argus newspaper. He achieved a certain fame due to his dispatches as a correspondent during World War II. With his second wife, Charmian Clift he was posted to London as a European correspondent.
In 1951, Albert Arlen tried to engage Johnston's services as writer of his musical The Sentimental Bloke, but he was not interested. Johnston abandoned his journalism career in 1954 and moved with Clift to the Greek island of Hydra, where he began writing full-time and took part in the island's circle of international artists, including Canadian poet Leonard Cohen and Scandinavian novelists Axel Jensen and Göran Tunström. While there he contracted tuberculosis. He returned to live in Sydney in 1964.
He was the father of four children, daughters Gae and Shane and two sons Jason and the poet Martin Johnston. From the names of his children, he created the pseudonym Shane Martin, under which name he published a total of five novels.
- Miles Franklin Award for My Brother Jack, 1964
- Miles Franklin Award for Clean Straw for Nothing, 1969
- The Sydney Morning Herald Literary Competition for High Valley, 1948
- Death Takes Small Bites (1948)
- The Moon at Perigee (1948)
- High Valley (1949; with Charmian Clift)
- The Big Chariot (1953; with Clift)
- The Cyprian Woman (1955)
- The Sponge Divers (1955; with Clift)
- The Darkness Outside (1959)
- Closer to the Sun (1960)
- The Far Road (1962)
- My Brother Jack (1964)
- The Far Face of the Moon (1965)
- Clean Straw for Nothing (1969)
- A Cartload of Clay (1971)
Novels as Shane Martin
- The Saracen Shadow (1957)
- Twelve Girls in the Garden (1957)
- The Man Made of Tin (1958)
- The Myth is Murder (1959)
- A Wake for Mourning (1962)
- Battle of the Seaways: From the Athenia to the Bismarck (1941)
- Grey Gladiator: H.M.A.S. Sydney with the British Mediterranean Fleet (1941)
- Australia at War (1942)
- New Guinea Diary (1942)
- Pacific Partner (1944)
- Skyscrapers in the Mist (1946)
- Journey Through Tomorrow (1947)
- The Australians (1966)
- Images in Aspic (1965)
- Kinnane, Garry, George Johnston: A Biography, Thomas Nelson 1986, and reprinted by Melbourne University Press, 1996, ISBN 0-522-84714-5.