Everett George Klippert|
|Died||1996 (aged 69–70)|
|Cause of death||Kidney disease|
|Criminal charge||Gross indecency|
|Criminal penalty||Preventive detention|
Everett George Klippert (September 6, 1926 - August 7, 1996) was the last person in Canada to be arrested, charged, prosecuted, convicted, and imprisoned for gross indecency before the decriminalization of homosexual acts in 1969; the reform was a direct result of the Klippert case.
Klippert, originally from Kindersley, Saskatchewan, was raised in Calgary, Alberta. In 1960 he was convicted on eighteen charges of gross indecency and sentenced to four years imprisonment. Upon his release, he moved to northern Canada. He was working as a mechanic in Pine Point, Northwest Territories, in 1965 when he was picked up by police for questioning in connection with a case of suspected arson. Although he was found not to have had any involvement in the fire, Klippert voluntarily admitted to having had recent consensual homosexual relations with four different adult men. He was subsequently arrested and charged with four counts of "gross indecency".
A court-ordered psychiatrist assessed Klippert as "incurably homosexual", and Klippert was sentenced to "preventive detention" (that is, indefinitely) as a dangerous sexual offender. Klippert appealed to the Court of Appeal for the Northwest Territories; his appeal was dismissed. He then appealed to the Supreme Court of Canada; his appeal was dismissed on November 7, 1967, in a controversial 3–2 decision.
The day after Klippert's conviction was upheld, New Democratic Party leader Tommy Douglas invoked Klippert's name in the House of Commons of Canada, stating that homosexuality should not be considered a criminal issue. Within six weeks, Pierre Trudeau presented the Criminal Law Amendment Act, 1968-69 (Bill C-150), an omnibus bill which, among other things, decriminalized homosexual acts between consenting adults. The law passed, and homosexuality was decriminalized in Canada in 1969.
Klippert remained in prison until his release on July 21, 1971. He lived 25 more years before his death from kidney disease in 1996.
- Pierre Berton: 1967: The Last Good Year: Toronto: Doubleday Canada: 1997: ISBN 978-0-385-25662-9
- Gary Kinsman: Regulation of Desire: Sexuality in Canada: Montreal: New York: 1987, 1995: ISBN 978-0-920057-81-0, 155164 0406
- *Donald W. McLeod: Lesbian and gay liberation in Canada: a selected annotated chronology, 1964-1975: Toronto: ECW Press/Homewood Books, 1996: ISBN 1-55022-273-2.
- Klippert v The Queen,  SCR 822.
- "Trudeau to urge pardon for man deemed a dangerous sex offender for being gay in 1960s". The Globe and Mail, February 27, 2016.