George L. Shoup

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George L. Shoup
United States Senator
from Idaho
In office
December 18, 1890 – March 3, 1901
Preceded by (none)
Succeeded by Fred Dubois
1st Governor of Idaho
In office
October 1, 1890 – December 18, 1890
Lieutenant N. B. Willey
Preceded by himself (as Governor of Idaho Territory)
Succeeded by N. B. Willey
12th Governor of Idaho Territory
In office
April 30, 1889 – July 3, 1890
President Benjamin Harrison
Preceded by Edward A. Stevenson
Succeeded by himself (as Governor of Idaho)
Personal details
Born (1836-06-15)June 15, 1836
Kittanning, Pennsylvania
Died December 21, 1904(1904-12-21) (aged 68)
Boise, Idaho
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Leona Darnuster
Residence Salmon
Profession Mining, Military
Religion Presbyterian

George Laird Shoup (June 15, 1836 – December 21, 1904) was the first Governor of Idaho, serving a short time after statehood in 1890 before becoming one of the state's first United States Senators.

George Laird Shoup (NSHC.


Born in Kittanning, Pennsylvania. Shoup was educated in the public school system. He moved to Galesburg, Illinois, in 1852 and farmed with his father. He married Magdelena Darnuster on June 15, 1868, and they had three sons and three daughters.[1]


After being devastated financially in the panic of 1857, Shoup moved to Colorado Territory in 1859 to engage in mining and merchandising near Pikes Peak.

During the Civil War he enlisted with the independent scouts working in New Mexico, Colorado, and Texas. He was commissioned colonel when the Third Colorado Cavalry was formed and took part in the Battle of Apache Canyon during the Civil War and the Sand Creek massacre during the Colorado War.[2]

After the war Shoup moved to Virginia City, Montana Territory, and then settled in Salmon, Idaho Territory, a city that he helped found. Shoup was appointed commissioner to organize Lemhi County, and in 1874 he was elected to the territorial legislature. With few interruptions, he served on the Republican National Committee for Idaho from 1880 to 1904.

In April 1889, President Benjamin Harrison appointed Shoup governor of Idaho Territory, a position he held until July 1890, when Idaho became a state and Idaho Territory ceased to exist.[3] Shoup was elected the state's first governor in October. He served as governor of the new state for only a few weeks. In November 1890 the Idaho Legislature elected him to the United States Senate. Shoup resigned as governor in December to take his Senate seat. He was succeeded as governor by Lieutenant Governor N. B. Willey.

In the Senate, from 1890 to 1901,[4] Shoup had many interests, including pensions, education, and military affairs. He was chairman of the Committee on Territories. In that position he advocated liberal and just treatment of the Native Americans. Shoup was reelected to a full six-year term in the Senate by the Idaho Legislature in 1894, but in 1900 he was defeated by Democrat Fred Dubois.


Shoup died December 21, 1904, in Boise Idaho and is interred in Pioneer Cemetery, Boise, Ada County, Idaho USA.[5] In 1910, the state of Idaho donated a marble statue of Shoup to the National Statuary Hall Collection.[6]


  1. ^ "George L. Shoup". University of Idaho Library. Retrieved 14 September 2012. 
  2. ^ Page 148 and pages 162 and 163, Life of George Bent: Written From His Letters, by George E. Hyde, edited by Savoie Lottinville, University of Oklahoma Press (1968), hardcover, 390 pages; trade paperback, 280 pages (March 1983) ISBN 0-8061-1577-7 ISBN 978-0806115771
  3. ^ "George L. Shoup". National Governors Association. Retrieved 14 September 2012. 
  4. ^ "George L. Shoup". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 14 September 2012. 
  5. ^ "George L. Shoup". Find A Grave. Retrieved 14 September 2012. 
  6. ^ "George L. Shoup". University of Idaho Library. Retrieved 14 September 2012. 

External links[edit]

United States Senate
Preceded by
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Idaho
Served alongside: William J. McConnell, Fred T. Dubois, Henry Heitfeld
Succeeded by
Fred T. Dubois
Political offices
Preceded by
Office created
Governor of Idaho
Succeeded by
N. B. Willey