George Lauder of the Bass
Sir George Lauder of the Bass, Knight (died 27 June 1611, on the Bass Rock), was a cleric, Privy Counsellor, and Member of the Scottish Parliament. He was also Tutor to Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales.
The earliest mention of George Lauder appears to be in 1542 in a re-confirmation made by Cardinal David Beaton of the grant of another feu of the lands and barony of Tyninghame to his father, Robert Lauder of the Bass (died 1576), in which George is listed as the fourth child of Robert, by his first wife, Margaret, daughter of Sir Oliver Sinclair of Roslin, knight.
Lauder entered the Church, and some deeds and sasines refer to him as Master George Lauder, Rector of Auldcathie in West Lothian.
On 22 October 1561, Master George Lawder, legitimate son of Robert Lawder of Bas, was issued with a Presentation of the Canonicature and Prebendary of Auchindor in the diocese of Aberdeen, to be Rector and Vicar of Auchindor, upon the resignation and demission of Master John Sinclair, Dean of Restalrig, (his uncle). The Books of the Thirds of Benefices under 'Parsonage of Auchindore' record that the third was calculated by Master John Stewart, in the name and on behalf of Master John Sinclair, Dean of Restalrig, and Master George Lauder. The footnotes record that "John Sinclair, who held the parsonage at the Reformation (and demitted it in October 1561 in favour of George Lauder) was also Dean of Restalrig, 1542 - 1566."
On 21 September 1568 George Lawder, parson of Auchindor, was given the gift of the escheat of the goods of his father Robert Lauder of Bass, who had failed to appear 'at the horn' and for not finding surety to compear before the Justice or his deputies in the Tolbooth of Edinburgh to underlie the law for taking part with Archibald Campbell, 5th Earl of Argyll, Claude Hamilton and others at the battle of Langside in support of Mary, Queen of Scots.
George's three elder brothers all predeceased him and he therefore became laird of Bass by default.
There is a certified copy of a Retour in favour of George Lauder of Bass, as heir to James Lauder of Bass, his brother, in the lands of Marsintoun (Mersington) and other lands in Berwickshire and East Lothian, dated 1580. His elder brother James had also been a cleric, the Dean of Restalrig, and had been murdered by a cousin.
A Special Retour was granted to Mr. George Lauder, eldest surviving son and heir to Robert Lauder of the Bass in the patronage and lands of Auldcathie in West Lothian, dated 7 November 1580.
George Lawder of Bass was awarded the escheat of the goods of "Walter Lawder, son lawful of the deceased Alexander Lawder of Umboquhy [Ummachie], convicted, become in will, fugitive or at the horn for not compearing to underlie the laws for the slaughter of James Lawder of Bass, committed within his (James's) awin place of Beil on 4th October last, or throw being justifiet thairfoir." Dated 16 December 1580. Walter was subsequently executed for this crime.
On 15 August 1583, a Precept was made to George Lauder of the Bass, as son and heir of Robert Lauder of Bass, of a Temple-land in "Lewinsbrig" (Leven's bridge) in Fife, a Temple-land in North Berwick, and a Temple-land in Tyninghame. Also, as brother and heir of James Lauder of Bass, the Temple-land of Innerwick, East Lothian. These ancient lands had originally been possessed by the Knights Templar.
A Precept of Clare Constat, in favour of Mr.George Lauder, as heir to his brother the deceased Mr.James Lauder, in the lands of Panschlis, Preistlaw, Kingsyd, Freirdykis, Winterscheills, and Newgrange, in the constabulary of Haddington and shire of Edinburgh, was signed on 21 May 1584, at 'Cumre'.
Other possessions are described in a decree of taxation, at instance of George Lauder of Bass, against James, Commendator of Melrose Abbey, for the feu lands of Grangemuir, Preistlaw, Preistheillis, Kingis Syd, Freir Dykis and Winter Scheildykis, dated 25 July 1584.
A charter in the Parliamentary Acts & records dated circa 1609 records a "chartor maid by umqle George Archbishop of St. Andrews to umqle Mr George Lauder of Bass and his airs Off all and haill the landis of Scony (Scoonie), Monflowrie, Bambeith threipland, Levin porte and heavin of Levin And of the toun and baronie of Levin customes and dewties belanging thairto, Mylnes, milnelandis, multoris and fischingis Off the water of Leven, Fife; And off the vther liberties priuiledges and donatiounis mentionat in the said chartor and disponit to the said Mr George Lauder and his aires heretablie."
In 1581 King James VI of Scotland visited the Bass Rock and was so enamoured of it that he offered to buy the island, a proposition which did not commend itself to George Lauder. The King appears to have accepted the situation with good grace. George was a Privy Counsellor - described as the King's "familiar councillor" - and tutor to the young Prince Henry.
On 13 January 1587 George Lauder of the Bass, with John Maitland of Thirlestane and eight other "Barons of Lothian", subscribed to a voluntary grant of a subsidy to "defray the expenses to be incurred in aid of Queen Mary in her present peril" (at Fotheringay Castle).
George Lauder of Bass was commissioned by the Privy Council of Scotland on 20 July 1588, to collect a 20 shillings tax from every small baron or freeholder in Haddingtonshire, within 15 days, for the repair of Edinburgh Castle.
On 17 May 1590, "To grace the [Queen's] coronation, Chancellor Maitland was created a peer, with the title of Lord Thirlestane, and knighthoods were conferred on the Master of Glammis, the Master of Cassilis, and the Lairds of Bass, Buccleuch, Fernihirst, Cessford, Drumlanrig, Lochinvar, Garlies, Glenorchy, Hallhill, and Balwearie."
Lauder was appointed a Commissioner for Parliament by the Privy Council on 24 May 1589.
On 5 June 1592 the Privy Council of Scotland was reconstituted. Under "Barons, Knights, and Gentlemen" appears George Lauder of the Bass. He was present on that day and sat also on Council on 8 June. In July he was present at every sitting: 6, 13, 14, 18, 20, 21,22, and 27th, and was one of the seven Privy Counsellors who denounced Sir James Scott of Balwearie, Knt., Martine of Cardone, and Lumsden of Airdrie as rebels, to be arrested for their involvement in "the late treasonable act committeed by Earl of Bothwell at Falkland Palace".
George Lauder, the laird of Bass, was, according to Collectanea Genealogica, a minor baron in parliament in 1592; a convenor of parliament in 1593, 1594, 1597,1598, 1599 & 1605. The General Index to the Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland states that:
the Laird of Bass appeared at the calling of suits in 1579; George Lauder of Bass was on the Privy Council in 1592 & 1593; was on the Articles in 1592; was a commissioner for punishing slayers of solan geese and other birds on the Bass Rock in 1592; had the lordship and bailiary of Tyninghame, with the office of heritable justiciar, and erection of the town into a free burgh of barony and regality, ratified to him in 1593; was in a Convention at Linlithgow in 1593, at Holyrood in 1593,1596, 1598, at Edinburgh 1594, 1596; was in Parliament 1593, 1594, 1596, 1598; was a Commissioner on Petitions in 1593, on Meal, 1598, and on the coin, 1599.
A charter under the Great Seal of Scotland of 7 February 1588/9, granted George the lands and lordship of Poppil and Wester Spott (then tenanted by Andrew Brown and Thomas Watson). George had resigned the lands the previous day for a regrant in view of his forthcoming marriage to Isobel Hepburn, the eldest daughter of Lord (Laird) Patrick Hepburn of Waughton, knight, by his wife Isobel, daughter of John Haldane of Gleneagles.
An anonymous letter to the Lord Treasurer of England and Sir Francis Walsingham dated 7 February 1589/90 mentions the Laird of Bass's well attended marriage in Fife. The Duke of Lennox and Francis Stewart, 1st Earl of Bothwell attended, as a result of this event Edinburgh was left with few Privy Counsellors.
On 18 February 1612, the Testament dative (Will) and inventory "of an honourable and discreet man, George Lauder of the Bass in the Constabulary of Haddington, who died on 27 June 1611, faithfully made", was given up (registered) by Isobel Hepburn, Lady Bass, his widow and by George Lauder now of the Bass, only lawful child to the defunct and executor dative appointed to his father. Total value of the inventoried goods was £29175.9s.2d., with debts due to the deceased of £3045.14s.2d. The cautioner was Sir James Foulis of Collinton, knight.
His only child, George, was to become the last Lauder laird of the Bass, after almost 600 years of the family's possession.
The seal of "George Lauder of the Bass, A.M., - a griffin segreant within the royal tressure" and originally appended to a charter of the mill of Mersington etc., in the parish of Eccles, Berwickshire, to James Maitland of Lethington on 21 February 1603, is on record.
- National Archives of Scotland, GD214/113, see on-line catalogue.
- National Archives of Scotland, RH15/39/49, see on-line catalogue.
- Acts of Parliament, iii, p.562-3
- "Register of the Great Seal of Scotland, 1580-1593" (1628.). 1888.
- "Calendar of State Papers Scotland". 10. 1936: 842.
- Acta Parliamentorum Jacobi VI.
- The Binns Papers 1320-1864, Scottish Record Society, 1936, no.545.
- Collectanea Genealogica, Foster, London, 1882
- Edinburgh Commissariot Court, ref: CC 8/8/47 fol.36 - 50.
- General Index to the Acts of the Parliaments of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1875.
- Melrose Regality Records, vol.3, pps:316/408.
Books and Articles
- Abstract of the Charters and other papers recorded in the Chartulary of Torphichen, from 1581 - 1596, Edinburgh, 1830.
- Beveridge M.A, James; Donaldson, D.Litt, Gordon (eds.) (1957). Register of the Privy Seal of Scotland 1556-1567. 5. Edinburgh. p. 211.
- Boyd, William K; Meikle, Henry W (eds.) (1936). Calendar of Scottish Papers 1547 1603. Edinburgh. p. 842.
- Donaldson D.Litt, Gordon (1963). Register of the Privy Seal of Scotland. 6. Edinburgh. p. 102.
- Donaldson D.Litt, Gordon (ed.) (1966). Register of the Privy Seal of Scotland 1575 - 1580. 7. Edinburgh. p. 431.
- Fraser, Sir William (1889). Memorials of the Earls of Haddington. II. Edinburgh. p. 245.
- Kirk, James (ed.) (1995). The Books of Assumption of the Thirds of Benefices - Scottish Ecclesiastical Rentals at the Reformation c1560/1. Oxford. p. 443.
- Masson, David (ed.) (1881). The Register of the Privy Council of Scotland. IV, 1585–1592. Edinburgh. pp. 36–7, 296–7, 384–5, 481, 748–750, and 783.
- "The Bass Rock in History". Transactions of the East Lothian Antiquarian and Field Naturalists' Society. Fifth: 55. 1948.
- Laing, Gordon (1866). Ancient Scottish Seals. Edinburgh.
- MacDonald, William R (1904). Scottish Armorial Seals. Edinburgh.
- Phillimore, R.P (1913). North Berwick, Gullane, Aberlady and East Linton District. North Berwick]]. p. 50.
- Young, James (ed.) (1884). Historical References to the Scottish Family of Lauder. Glasgow. p. 80.