George E. Lewis
George E. Lewis
|Born||July 14, 1952|
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
|Genres||Experimental, contemporary classical, avant-garde jazz, computer music|
|Occupation(s)||Musician, composer, professor|
|Labels||Sackville, Charly, Black Saint, Soul Note, Avant, Music & Arts, Pi, Incus, Tzadik|
George Emanuel Lewis (born July 14, 1952) is an American composer, performer, and scholar of experimental music. He has been a member of the Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians (AACM) since 1971, when he joined the organization at the age of 19. He is renowned for his work as an improvising trombonist and considered a pioneer of computer music, which he began pursuing in the late 1970s; in the 1980s he created Voyager, an improvising software he has used in interactive performances. Lewis's many honors include a MacArthur Fellowship and a Guggenheim Fellowship, and his book A Power Stronger Than Itself: The AACM and American Experimental Music received the American Book Award. Lewis is the Edwin H. Case Professor of American Music, Composition & Historical Musicology at Columbia University.
Lewis was born July 14, 1952 in Chicago, Illinois. Lewis's father, George Thomas Lewis, was a postal worker who studied electronics under the GI Bill and had a deep love of jazz music; his mother, Cornelia Griffith Lewis, liked blues, soul, and R&B singers.: 281
Lewis began his education at a public elementary school, but he was one of many Black students who could only attend half-days, allegedly to relieve "overcrowding"; this was widely understood to be an excuse to enforce de facto segregation under superintendent Benjamin Willis, whose policies led to the 1963 Chicago Public Schools boycott.: 281 An African American teacher convinced Lewis's parents to enroll him at the University of Chicago Laboratory School, where he started classes at age 9.: 281 Lewis attended the Lab School from 1961 until his graduation in 1969.
His parents wanted him to learn an instrument as a way to make friends, and Lewis chose the trombone, which was paid for in monthly installments.: 281 He played in the school orchestra and concert band, took private lessons from University of Chicago graduate students, and as a teenager joined the school's new jazz band, run by jazz historian Frank Tirro (then working on his PhD) and Dean Hey.: 282 In the late 1960s, classmate Ray Anderson took Lewis to hear Fred Anderson at an AACM concert, and Lewis first heard the Art Ensemble of Chicago at another concert on his high school campus.: 282
Education and joining the AACM
Lewis was accepted to Yale University in 1969, and at age 17 began his studies in prelaw.: 282 He also took music theory classes and met a number of artists in the community, but began to lose interest in school after his sophomore year and decided to take a break.: 283
In 1971, during his time off in Chicago, Lewis heard some musicians practicing together near his parents' house; he introduced himself, and met Muhal Richard Abrams, John Shenoy Jackson, Steve Galloway, and Pete Cosey.: 283 Lewis was invited to check out a show at the Pumpkin Room, but misunderstood the invitation and brought his trombone; they let him play anyway, as part of a group that also included Joseph Jarman, Kalaparusha, and Steve McCall.: 284 Lewis worried about his performance, but McCall invited him to play another concert; at rehearsal, he was introduced to Roscoe Mitchell, Malachi Favors, Sabu Toyozumi, Aaron Dodd, and Douglas Ewart.: 285 Lewis became more involved with the AACM, and Jackson encouraged him to apply to join the group. After his acceptance, Lewis was voted reading secretary and began taking minutes at weekly meetings.: 285 Lewis regularly played late gigs with the Muhal Richard Abrams Big Band during his year off, and in the daytime held a United Steelworkers union job at Illinois Slag and Ballast Company.: 303
Lewis returned to Yale in 1972, just as the university began its Duke Ellington Fellowship Program; artists brought to campus during Lewis's remaining years included Duke Ellington, Charles Mingus, Max Roach, Dizzy Gillespie, William Warfield, Papa Jo Jones, Willie "The Lion" Smith, Marion Williams, Tony Williams, and Slam Stewart.: 303 Lewis met many more musicians among Yale's students, faculty, and others living near New Haven such as Wadada Leo Smith, who began visiting Lewis early in the morning before his classes.: 304
Lewis graduated from Yale in 1974 with a degree in philosophy.
In 1976, Lewis released Solo Trombone Record to great acclaim.
Lewis has long been active in creating and performing with interactive computer systems, most notably his software Voyager, which "listens" and reacts to live performers.
Lewis has recorded or performed with Anthony Braxton, Anthony Davis, Bertram Turetzky, Conny Bauer, Count Basie, David Behrman, David Murray, Derek Bailey, Douglas Ewart, Alfred Harth, Evan Parker, Fred Anderson, Frederic Rzewski, Gil Evans, Han Bennink, Irène Schweizer, J. D. Parran, James Newton, Joel Ryan, Joëlle Léandre, John Zorn, Karl E. H. Seigfried, Laurie Anderson, Leroy Jenkins, Marina Rosenfeld, Michel Portal, Misha Mengelberg, Miya Masaoka, Muhal Richard Abrams, Nicole Mitchell, Richard Teitelbaum, Roscoe Mitchell, Sam Rivers, Steve Lacy, and Wadada Leo Smith, as well as Frederic Rzewski and Alvin Curran's Musica Elettronica Viva and the Globe Unity Orchestra and the ICP Orchestra (Instant Composer's Pool).
In the 1980s, Lewis succeeded Rhys Chatham as the music director of The Kitchen.
From 1988-1990, Lewis collaborated with video artist Don Ritter to create performances of interactive music and interactive video controlled by Lewis's improvised trombone.
In 1992, Lewis collaborated with Canadian artist Stan Douglas on the video installation Hors-champs, featuring Lewis in an improvisation of Albert Ayler's "Spirits Rejoice" with musicians Douglas Ewart, Kent Carter and Oliver Johnson; the installation was featured at documenta 9 in Kassel, Germany.
Since 2004, he has served as Edward H. Case Professor of American Music at Columbia University in New York City. He previously taught at the University of California, San Diego.
Lewis is featured extensively in Unyazi of the Bushveld (2005), directed by Aryan Kaganof, a documentary about the first symposium of electronic music held in Africa. Lewis gave an invited keynote lecture and performance at NIME-06, the sixth international conference on New Interfaces for Musical Expression, which was held at IRCAM, Paris, in June 2006.
His work "Morning Blues for Yvan" was featured on the compilation album Crosstalk: American Speech Music (Bridge Records), produced by Mendi + Keith Obadike.
In 2008, Lewis published a book-length history of the AACM titled A Power Stronger Than Itself: The AACM and American Experimental Music (University of Chicago Press). Lewis later wrote an opera based on the book, titling it Afterword: The AACM (as) Opera; the work premiered at the Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago in 2015.
In April 2022, the International Contemporary Ensemble announced the appointment of Lewis as its next artistic director, effective April 2022.
Honors and awards
In 2002, Lewis received a MacArthur Fellowship. His many honors also include a Guggenheim Fellowship (2015), a United States Artists Fellowship (2011), the Alpert Award in the Arts (1999), and the American Musicological Society's Music in American Culture Award in 2009. He became a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2015, a Corresponding Fellow of the British Academy in 2016, and a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters in 2018. Lewis has received four honorary degrees: Doctor of Music from the University of Edinburgh in 2015, Doctor of Humane Letters from New College of Florida in 2017, Doctor of Music from Harvard University in 2018, and Doctor of Music from the University of Pennsylvania in 2022.
His monograph A Power Stronger Than Itself: The AACM and American Experimental Music received the 2009 American Book Award.
As sole leader
|1976||Solo Trombone Record||Sackville||Lewis (trombone)||1976|
|1978||Monads-Triple Slow Mix-Cycle-Shadowgraph, 5 (Sextet)||Black Saint||Lewis (alto and tenor trombones, sousaphone, Moog synthesizer, sound-tube), Anthony Davis, Douglas Ewart, Leroy Jenkins, Roscoe Mitchell, Adbul Wadud, Muhal Richard Abrams||1977|
|1979||Homage to Charles Parker||Black Saint||Lewis (trombone, electronics), Ewart, Davis, Richard Teitelbaum||1979|
|1981||Chicago Slow Dance||Lovely||Lewis (electronics, trombones), Ewart, J.D. Parran, Teitelbaum||1977|
|1993||Voyager||Avant||Lewis (trombone, computer, compositions), Roscoe Mitchell||1993|
|1993||Changing With the Times||New World||Lewis (trombone), Daniel Koppelman, Ruth Neville, Jerome Rothenberg, Ewart, Jeannie Cheatham, Bernard Mixon, Peter Gonzales III, Mary Oliver, Quincy Troupe||1993|
|2000||Endless Shout||Tzadik||Lewis (computer, conductor, trombone), Sarah Cahill, Steven Schick, Quincy Troupe, and the NOW Orchestra||1995-1997|
|2001||The Shadowgraph Series: Compositions for Creative Orchestra||Spool||Lewis (trombone, conductor, compositions) / The NOW Orchestra||1999|
|2006||Sequel (For Lester Bowie)||Intakt||Lewis (trombone, laptop, Buchla Lightning, compositions), Siegfried Rössert, Guillermo E. Brown, Jeff Parker, Kaffe Matthews, Miya Masaoka, DJ Mutamassik||2004|
|2011||George Lewis: Les Exercices Spirituels||Tzadik||Lewis (compositions, live electronic processing, live electronics and spatialization performance) with large ensembles (Ensemble Erik Satie, Wet Ink, Vancouver Olympiad)||2008-2010|
|2020||Rainbow Family (1984)||Carrier||Lewis (computer programming, hardware hacking), Ewart, Joëlle Léandre, Derek Bailey, Steve Lacy||1984|
|2021||The Recombinant Trilogy||New Focus||Works for solo instrument and electronics: Claire Chase & Levy Lorenzo, Seth Parker Woods, Dana Jessen & Eli Stine, software by Damon Holzborn||2016-2020|
Organized by year of release; year(s) of recording noted if known to be earlier.
- 1978: Anthony Braxton / George Lewis Duo – Elements of Surprise (Moers; recorded 1976)
- 1979: George Lewis / Douglas Ewart – Jila Save! Mon. - The Imaginary Suite (Black Saint; recorded 1978)
- 1980: Company (Derek Bailey, Dave Holland, Lewis, Evan Parker) – Fables (Incus)
- 1982: Derek Bailey / George Lewis / John Zorn – Yankees (Charly)
- 1985: Misha Mengelberg / Steve Lacy / George Lewis / Harjen Gorter / Han Bennink – Change of Season (Music Of Herbie Nichols) (Soul Note)
- 1987: Mengelberg / Lacy / Lewis / Ernst Reÿseger / Bennink – Dutch Masters (Soul Note)
- 1988: John Zorn / George Lewis / Bill Frisell – News for Lulu (hat Hut)
- 1992: Zorn / Lewis / Frisell – More News for Lulu (hat Hut; recorded 1989)
- 1994: Anthony Braxton & George Lewis – Donaueschingen (Duo) 1976 (hatART; recorded 1976)
- 1994: R. Anderson, C. Harris, G. Lewis, G. Valente – Slideride (hat Hut)
- 1996: Vinny Golia / George Lewis / Bertram Turetzky – Triangulation (Nine Winds)
- 1998: George Lewis & Miya Masaoka – The Usual Turmoil and Other Duets (Music & Arts; recorded 1997)
- 1998: George E. Lewis & Bertram Turetzky – Conversations (Incus)
- 2002: Evan Parker / George Lewis – From Saxophone & Trombone (PSI)
- 2006: Muhal Richard Abrams / George Lewis / Roscoe Mitchell – Streaming (Pi)
- 2009: J. Léandre & G. Lewis – Transatlantic Visions (RogueArt)
- 2009: George Lewis / Marina Rosenfeld – Sour Mash (Innova)
- 2009: Glasgow Improvisers Orchestra & George Lewis – Metamorphic Rock (Iorram)
- 2014: George Lewis / Wadada Leo Smith / John Zorn – Sonic Rivers (Tzadik)
- 2016: George Lewis & International Contemporary Ensemble – The Will to Adorn (Tundra)
- 2016: George Lewis & Splitter Orchester – Creative Construction Set™ (Mikroton)
- 2017: Ensemble Dal Niente & George Lewis – Assemblage (New World Records)
- 2019: Kimmig-Studer-Zimmerlin & George Lewis – Kimmig-Studer-Zimmerlin & George Lewis (ezz-thetics)
- 2019: George Lewis / Roscoe Mitchell – Voyage And Homecoming (RogueArt)
- 2021: Joelle Léandre / George Lewis / Pauline Oliveros – Play As You Go (Trost; recorded 2014)
Organized by year of release; year(s) of recording noted if known to be earlier.
With Muhal Richard Abrams
- 1979: Spihumonesty (Black Saint; recorded 1978)
- 1980: Mama and Daddy (Black Saint)
- 2011: SoundDance (Pi; recorded 2009-2010)
With Anthony Braxton
- 1976: Creative Orchestra Music 1976 (Arista)
- 1977: The Montreux/Berlin Concerts (Arista; recorded 1975–6)
- 1983: Four Compositions (Quartet) 1983 (Black Saint)
- 1991: Dortmund (Quartet) 1976 (hatART; recorded 1976)
- 1992: Ensemble (Victoriaville) 1988 (Victo; recorded 1988)
- 1995: Creative Orchestra (Köln) 1978 (hatART; recorded 1978)
- 1999: News from the '70s (New Tone; recorded 1971–1976)
- 2000: Quintet (Basel) 1977 (hatOLOGY; recorded 1977)
With Anthony Davis
- Episteme (Gramavision)
- Hemispheres (Gramavision)
- Variations in Dream Time (Gramavision)
- Hidden Voices (India Navigation)
With Gil Evans
- 1981: Live at the Public Theater (New York 1980) (Trio; recorded 1980)
- 1993: Lunar Eclypse (New Tone; recorded 1981)
- 1993: 20th Anniversary (FMP; recorded 1986)
- 2007: Globe Unity – 40 Years (Intakt)
With ICP Orchestra
- 1986: Bospaadje Konijnehol I
- 1986: ICP Plays Monk
With Steve Lacy
- 1983: Prospectus (hat ART; recorded in 1982; rereleased in 1999 as Cliches)
- 1985: Futurities (hat Hut)
- 2001: The Beat Suite (Sunnyside)
- 2004: Last Tour (Emanem)
With Roscoe Mitchell
- 1976: Roscoe Mitchell Quartet (Sackville; recorded 1975)
- 1977: Nonaah (Nessa; recorded 1976-77)
- 1978: L-R-G / The Maze / S II Examples (Nessa)
- 1979: Sketches from Bamboo (Moers)
- 1999: Nine to Get Ready (ECM; recorded 1997)
With David Murray
With Richard Teitelbaum
- 1988: Concerto Grosso (hat Hut)
- 1993: Cyberband (Moers)
- 1995: Golem (Tzadik)
- 1977: Barry Altschul, You Can't Name Your Own Tune (Muse)
- 1979: Fred Anderson, Another Place (Moers)
- 1979: Jacques Bekaert, Summer Music 1970 (Lovely/Vital)
- 1979: Leo Smith Creative Orchestra, Budding of a Rose (Moers)
- 1979: Leroy Jenkins, Space Minds, New Worlds, Survival of America (Tomato)
- 1979: Sam Rivers, Contrasts (ECM)
- 1981: Material, Memory Serves (Celluloid)
- 1981: John Zorn, Archery (Parachute)
- 1981: Laurie Anderson, Big Science (Warner Bros.)
- 1982: John Lindberg Trio, Give and Take (Black Saint)
- 1983: Rhys Chatham, Factor X (Moers)
- 1985: Evan Parker (with Lewis, Barry Guy, Paul Lytton), Hook, Drift & Shuffle (Incus)
- 1985: Joelle Leandre, Les Douze Sons (NATO)
- 1986: Ushio Torikai, Go Where? (Victor)
- 1986: Irene Schweizer, Live at Taktlos (Intakt)
- 1987: Joe Sachse with David Moss, Lewis, Berlin Tango (Jazzwerkstatt)
- 1987: Heiner Goebbels, Der Mann im Fahrstuhl (ECM)
- 1988: Schweizer, The Storming of the Winter Palace (Intakt)
- 1996: India Cooke, RedHanded (Music & Arts)
- 1997: Steve Coleman, Genesis & The Opening of the Way (BMG/RCA Victor)
- 1998: Evod Magek, Through Love to Freedom (Black Pot)
- 1998: Miya Masaoka Orchestra, What Is the Difference Between Stripping and Playing the Violin? (Victo)
- 1999: NOW Orchestra, WOWOW (Spool)
- 2001: Bert Turetzky & Mike Wofford, Transition and Transformation (Nine Winds)
- 2008: Musica Elettronica Viva, MEV 40 (New World)
- 2009: Paul Rutherford, Tetralogy (Emanem)
Solo and chamber music
- "Toneburst" (1976) for three trombones
- "Endless Shout" (1994), for piano
- "Collage" (1995), for poet and chamber orchestra, with text by Quincy Troupe
- "Ring Shout Ramble" (1998), for saxophone quartet
- "Signifying Riffs" (1998), for string quartet and percussion
- "Dancing in the Palace" (2009), for tenor voice and viola, with text by Donald Hall
- "Ikons" (2010), for octet
- "The Will To Adorn" (2011), for large chamber ensemble
- "Thistledown" (2012), for quartet
- "Atlantic" (1978), for amplified trombones with resonant filters
- "Nightmare At The Best Western" (1992), for baritone voice and six instruments
- "Virtual Discourse" (1993), composition for infrared-controlled "virtual percussion" and four percussionists
- "North Star Boogaloo" (1996), for percussionist and computer, with text by Quincy Troupe
- "Crazy Quilt" (2002), for infrared-controlled "virtual percussion" and four percussionists
- "Hello Mary Lou" (2007) for chamber ensemble and live electronics
- "Sour Mash" (2009), composition for vinyl turntablists, with Marina Rosenfeld
- "Les Exercices Spirituels" (2010) for eight instruments and computer sound spatialization
- "Anthem" (2011), for chamber ensemble with electronics
- "Mbirascope/Algorithme et kalimba" (1985), interactive mbira-driven audiovisual installation, with David Behrman
- "A Map of the Known World" (1987), interactive mbira-driven audiovisual installation, with David Behrman
- "Rio Negro" (1992), robotic-acoustic sound-sculpture installation, with Douglas Ewart
- "Information Station No. 1" (2000), multi-screen videosonic interactive installation for the Point Loma Wastewater Treatment Plant, San Diego, Calif.
- "Rio Negro II" (2007), robotic-acoustic sound installation, with Douglas Ewart and Douglas Irving Repetto.
- "Travelogue" (2009), sound installation
- "Ikons" (2010), interactive sound sculpture, with Eric Metcalfe
Interactive computer music
- "The KIM and I" (1979), for micro-computer and improvising musician
- "Chamber Music for Humans and Non-Humans" (1980), for micro-computer and improvising musician
- "Rainbow Family" (1984), for soloists with multiple interactive computer systems
- "Voyager" (1987), for improvising soloist and interactive “virtual orchestra"
- "Virtual Concerto" (2004), for improvising computer piano soloist and orchestra
- "Interactive Trio" (2007), for interactive computer-driven piano, human pianist, and additional instrumentalist
- "Interactive Duo" (2007), for interactive computer-driven piano and human instrumentalist
- "The Empty Chair" (1986), computer-driven videosonic music theatre work
- "Changing With The Times" (1991), radiophonic/music theatre work
- "The Shadowgraph Series, 1-5" (1975–77)
- "Hello and Goodbye" (1976/2000)
- "Angry Bird" (2007)
- "Fractals" (2007)
- "Shuffle" (2007)
- "The Chicken Skin II" (2007)
- "Something Like Fred" (2009)
- "Triangle" (2009)
- Minds in Flux (2021)
Graphic and instructional scores
- "Monads" (1977), graphic score for any instrumentation
- "The Imaginary Suite" (1977), two movements for tape, live electronics, and instruments
- "Chicago Slow Dance" (1977), for electro-acoustic ensemble
- "Blues" (1979), graphic score for four instruments
- "Homage to Charles Parker" (1979), for improvisors and electronics
- "Sequel" (2004), for eight electro-acoustic performers
- "Artificial Life 2007" (2007), composition for improvisors with open instrumentation
Books and articles
- Lewis, George E. (2008). A Power Stronger Than Itself: The AACM and American Experimental Music. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 9780226477039.
- Lewis, George E.; Piekut, Benjamin, eds. (2016). The Oxford Handbook of Critical Improvisation Studies: Volume 1. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195370935.
- Lewis, George E.; Piekut, Benjamin, eds. (2016). The Oxford Handbook of Critical Improvisation Studies: Volume 2. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780190627973.
Articles and book chapters
- Lewis, George E. (2021). "'Is Our Machines Learning Yet?' Machine Learning's Challenge to Improvisation and the Aesthetic". In de Assis, Paulo; Giudici, Paolo (eds.). Machinic Assemblages of Desire: Deleuze and Artistic Research 3. Leuven: Leuven University Press. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- Lewis, George E. (2020). ""Foreword: On the Art of Becoming"". In MacDonald, Raymond A.R.; Wilson, Graeme B. (eds.). The Art of Becoming: How Group Improvisation Works. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. vii–xx. ISBN 978-0-19-084091-4. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- Lewis, George E. (3 July 2020). "Lifting the Cone of Silence From Black Composers". The New York Times. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- Lewis, George E. (January 2020). "A Small Act of Curation". Curating Contemporary Music (44). Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- Lewis, George E.; Calico, Joy H. (Fall 2019). "Editorial Introduction". Journal of the American Musicological Society. 72 (3): 607–611. doi:10.1525/jams.2019.72.3.607. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- Lewis, George E. (Winter 2019). "Listening for Freedom with Arnold Davidson". Critical Inquiry. 45 (2): 434–447. doi:10.1086/700996. S2CID 165901758. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- Lewis, George E. (December 2018). "(Machine) Listening as Improvisation". Technosphere Magazine. 23. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- Lewis, George E. (2018). "Toni Dove's Nonmodern Ontologies". In McLendon, Matthew (ed.). Toni Dove: Embodied Machines. New York: Scala Arts Publishers & John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art. pp. 31–41. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- Lewis, George E. (2018). "Why Do We Want Our Computers To Improvise?". In McLean, Alex; Dean, Roger T. (eds.). The Oxford Handbook of Algorithmic Music. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 123–130. ISBN 978-0-19-022699-2. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- Lewis, George E. (2017). "The Situation of a Creole: In 'Defining Twentieth-and-Twenty First-Century Music'". Twentieth-Century Music. 14 (3): 442–446. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- Lewis, George E. (2017). "The Sound of Terry Adkins". In Berry, Ian (ed.). Terry Adkins: Recital. New York: Prestel Publishing. pp. 105–129. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- Lewis, George E. (2017). "From Network Bands to Ubiquitous Computing: Rich Gold and the Social Aesthetics of Interactivity". In Born, Georgina; Lewis, Eric; Straw, Will (eds.). Improvisation and Social Aesthetics. Durham and London: Duke University Press. pp. 91–109. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- Lewis, George E. (Fall 2011). ""Americanist Musicology and Nomadic Noise"". Journal of the American Musicological Society. 64 (3): 691–95. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- Lewis, George E. (2009). ""Interactivity and Improvisation"". In Dean, Roger T. (ed.). The Oxford Handbook of Computer Music. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 457–66. ISBN 978-0-19-971593-0. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- Lewis, George E. (May 2008). Lewis, George E. (ed.). "Foreword: After Afrofuturism". Journal of the Society for American Music. Special issue on Technology and Black Music in the Americas. 2 (2): 139–153. doi:10.1017/S1752196308080048. S2CID 194949189. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- Lewis, George E. (2008). "Stan Douglas's Suspiria: Genealogies of Recombinant Narrativity". In Douglas, Stan (ed.). Past Imperfect: Works 1986-2007. Ostfildern, Germany: Hatje Cantz Verlag. pp. 42–53. ISBN 9783775720212. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- Lewis, George E. (2007). "Improvising Tomorrow's Bodies: The Politics of Transduction". E-misférica. 4 (2). Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- Lewis, George E. (2007). "Mobilitas Animi: Improvising Technologies, Intending Chance". Parallax. 13 (4): 108–122. doi:10.1080/13534640701682867. S2CID 143489398. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- Lewis, George E. (2007). "Living with Creative Machines: An Improvisor Reflects". In Everett, Anna; Wallace, Amber J. (eds.). AfroGEEKS: Beyond the Digital Divide. Santa Barbara: Center for Black Studies Research. pp. 83–99. ISBN 9780976503637. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- Lewis, George E. (May 2007). "Live Algorithms and the Future of Music". CT Watch Quarterly. 3 (2). Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- Lewis, George E. (February 2007). "The Virtual Discourses of Pamela Z". Journal of the Society for American Music. 1 (1): 57–77. doi:10.1017/S1752196307070034. S2CID 194105202. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- Lewis, George E. (2006). "Improvisation and the Orchestra: A Composer Reflects". Contemporary Music Review. 25 (5/6): 429–434. doi:10.1080/07494460600989812. S2CID 194029038. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- Lewis, George E. (2005). "The Secret Love between Interactivity and Improvisation, or Missing in Interaction: A Prehistory of Computer Interactivity". In Fähndrich, Walter (ed.). Improvisation V: 14 Beiträge. Winterthur: Amadeus. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- Lewis, George E. (2004). "Gittin' to Know Y'all: Improvised Music, Interculturalism and the Racial Imagination". Critical Studies in Improvisation. 1 (1). Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- Lewis, George E. "Leben mit kreativen Maschinen: Reflexionen eines improvisierenden Musikers". In Knauer, Wolfram (ed.). Improvisieren: Darmstädter Beiträge zur Jazzforschung, Band 8 (in German). Hofheim: Wolke Verlag. pp. 123–144.
- Lewis, George E. (30 March 2004). "Afterword to "Improvised Music After 1950": The Changing Same". In Fischlin, Daniel; Heble, Ajay (eds.). The Other Side of Nowhere: Jazz, Improvisation, and Communities in Dialogue. Middletown: Wesleyan University Press. pp. 131–162. ISBN 9780819566829. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- Lewis, George E. (2000). "Too Many Notes: Computers, Complexity and Culture in 'Voyager'". Leonardo Music Journal. 10: 33–39. doi:10.1162/096112100570585. JSTOR 1513376. S2CID 57566736. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- Zorn, John, ed. (2000). "Teaching Improvised Music: An Ethnographic Memoir". Arcana: Musicians on music. New York: Granary Books. pp. 78–109. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- Lewis, George E. (Spring 1996). "Improvised Music after 1950: Afrological and Eurological Perspectives" (PDF). Black Music Research Journal. 16 (1): 91–122. doi:10.2307/779379. JSTOR 779379. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
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- ^ Javier C. Hernández (2022-04-08). "Outspoken Composer to Lead International Contemporary Ensemble". The New York Times. Retrieved 2022-04-18.
- ^ "Harvard awards seven honorary degrees". News.harvard.edu. May 24, 2018.
- ^ "Penn's 2022 Commencement Speaker and Honorary Degree Recipients". Retrieved 2022-05-30.
- ^ Margasak, Peter (30 October 2015). "The daring debut album of AACM historian George Lewis gets reissued". Chicago Reader. Retrieved 26 August 2021.
- ^ Swed, Mark (19 August 2020). "Why George Lewis' revolutionary 'Shadowgraph, 5' can last 3 minutes or 4 hours". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 26 August 2021.
- ^ a b Scaruffi, Piero. "George Lewis". Scaruffi.com. Retrieved 26 August 2021.
- ^ Rockwell, John (1 March 1981). "The African Influence on Pop and Jazz Musicians". The New York Times. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- ^ Steinbeck, Paul. "Listening to Voyager" (PDF). PaulSteinbeck.com. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- ^ "George Lewis: Changing With the Times". DRAM. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- ^ "George Lewis: Endless Shout". AllMusic.com. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- ^ "George Lewis : Endless Shout". Tzadik. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- ^ "The Shadowgraph Series: Compositions for Creative Orchestra". NOW Society. 20 November 2008. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- ^ "Sequel (For Lester Bowie)". All About Jazz. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- ^ Banfield, William C. (November 2012). "George Lewis, Les Exercices Spirituels. Tzadik Records TZA 8081CD, 2011". Journal of the Society for American Music. 6 (4): 493–494. doi:10.1017/S1752196312000405. S2CID 193098793. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- ^ "George Lewis : Les Exercices Spirituels". Tzadik. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- ^ Broomer, Stuart (5 February 2021). "Atelier George Lewis: Rainbow Family 1984 - George Lewis; Joëlle Léandre; Derek Bailey; Steve Lacy". The WholeNote. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
- ^ DeGroot, Jillian (22 February 2021). "George Lewis' The Recombinant Trilogy Reimagines the Boundaries of Experimental Music". I Care If You Listen. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
- ^ "George Lewis: Album Discography". AllMusic. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
- ^ "Joëlle Léandre / Pauline Oliveros / George Lewis - Play As You Go (Trost, 2021) *****". Free Jazz Collective. 13 September 2021. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
- ^ Scott Yanow. "Live at the Public Theater in New York, Vol. 1 - Gil Evans | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 2014-07-26.
- ^ Tim Ashley (2021-08-27). "BBCSSO/Volkov review – brisk and beautiful Beethoven but Lewis premiere is hard to like". The Guardian. Retrieved 2022-04-18.
- George Lewis faculty profile from Columbia University site
- Casserley, Lawrence. "Person to... person?" at the Wayback Machine (archived May 17, 2006) Interview with George Lewis, discussing computer music and other topics, including improvisation and Voyager
- Golden, Barbara. "Conversation with George Lewis." eContact! 12.2 — Interviews (2) (April 2010). Montréal: CEC.
- American jazz trombonists
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- 1952 births
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