George Lloyd (politician)

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George Alfred Lloyd (14 November 1815 – 25 December 1897) was an Australian politician, elected as a member for Newcastle from 1869 to 1877, 1880 to 1882 and 1885 to 1887.

Early life[edit]

Lloyd was born in Norwood, Surrey, England and educated at Aske's Hospital School, London. His father's business failed in and he was sent to work for a family friend in Sydney in 1833. He opened a store and was postmaster at Hinton, near Raymond Terrace on the Hunter River. After his empoyer's bankruptcy, he became a farmer on the Williams River and then an auctioneer in Sydney. He married Mary Threlkeld in July 1841 and they had eleven children. With the discovery of gold, he moved into the gold related businesses of quartz crushing and gold escorting and then invested in shipping. He returned to London in 1855 and his company, Lloyd, Beilby & Co., acted as commercial agents to the Government of New South Wales until 1859, when he went bankrupt due to losses on his shipping business. In 1860, after discharging his bankruptcy, he returned to Sydney to re-establish himself in business.[1]

Political career[edit]

Lloyd won the seat of Newcastle in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly against James Martin, three times premier, in December 1869, advocating free trade, immigration, compulsory education, railway extension and a local harbour trust. He was Postmaster-General in Henry Parkes' first government from May to December 1872, when he became Colonial Treasurer. He introduced the penny postage to areas within ten miles of Sydney. He also abolished tariffs, duty on the postage of newspapers and tonnage dues at Newcastle, Wollongong and Kiama. In March 1877, he was Secretary for Mines in Parkes' second government, but lost his seat in October 1877.[1][2]

Lloyd went bankrupt again in 1878. He won Newcastle back in 1880, lost it in 1882, won it again in 1885 and lost it 1887. Lloyd was a founder, auditor and original shareholder of the Australian Mutual Provident Society. He was appointed to the New South Wales Legislative Council in February 1887, but was largely inactive in it after 1889.

Late life and legacy[edit]

Lloyd died at his home, Scotforth, in the Sydney suburb of Elizabeth Bay, survived by five sons and three daughters.[1][2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Walsh, G. P. (1974). "Lloyd, George Alfred (1815 - 1897)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 2007-09-10. 
  2. ^ a b "Mr George Alfred Lloyd (1815 - 1897)". Members of Parliament. Parliament of New South Wales. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 2 March 2010. 
Parliament of New South Wales
Preceded by
James Hannell
Member for Newcastle
1869 – 1877
Succeeded by
Richard Bowker
Preceded by
Richard Bowker
Member for Newcastle
1880 – 1882
Served alongside: Fletcher
Succeeded by
James Ellis
Preceded by
James Ellis
Member for Newcastle
1885 – 1887
Served alongside: Fletcher
Succeeded by
James Ellis