George Long (scholar)
|Born||4 November 1800|
|Died||10 August 1879 (aged 78)|
|Alma mater||St John's College, Cambridge, Trinity College, Cambridge|
|Doctoral advisor||Lord Macaulay|
|Discipline||Language, Linguistics, History and Law|
|Sub-discipline||Latin, Greek, Civil Law, Jurisprudence, Roman law|
|Institutions||University College London, Middle Temple, Brighton College, University of Virginia|
Long was born at Poulton-le-Fylde, Lancashire, the son of James Long, West India merchant. He was educated at Macclesfield Grammar School, St John's College, Cambridge and later Trinity College, Cambridge.
He was Craven university scholar in 1821 (bracketed with Lord Macaulay and Henry Maiden), wrangler and senior chancellor's medallist in 1822 and became a fellow of Trinity in 1823. In 1824 he was elected professor of ancient languages in the new University of Virginia at Charlottesville, but after four years returned to England as the first professor of Greek at the newly founded University College in London. Long owned a slave named Jacob while he was at the University.
In 1842 he succeeded T. H. Key as Professor of Latin at University College; in 1846–1849 he was reader in jurisprudence and civil law in the Middle Temple, and finally (1849–1871) classical lecturer at Brighton College. Subsequently, he lived in retirement at Portfield, Chichester, in receipt (from 1873) of a Civil List pension of £100 a year obtained for him by Gladstone.
He was one of the founders (1830), and for twenty years an officer, of the Royal Geographical Society; an active member of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, for which he edited the quarterly Journal of Education (1831–1835) as well as many of its text-books; the editor (at first with Charles Knight, afterwards alone) of the Penny Cyclopaedia and of Knight's Political Dictionary; and a member of the Society for Central Education instituted in London in 1837.
He contributed the Roman law articles to Smith's Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, and wrote also for the companion dictionaries of Biography and Geography. He is remembered, however, mainly as the editor of the Bibliotheca Classica series—the first serious attempt to produce scholarly editions of classical texts with English commentaries—to which he contributed the edition of Cicero's orations (1851–1862).
Among his other works are:
- Summary of Herodotus (1829)
- edition of Herodotus (1830–1833)
- edition Xenophon's Anabasis (1831)
- revised editions of Rev Arthur Macleane's Juvenal and Persius (1867) and Horace (1869)
- the Civil Wars of Rome
- a translation with Aubrey Stewart and notes of thirteen of Plutarch's Lives (1844–1848)
- translation of the Meditations of Marcus Aurelius (1862)
- translation of the Discourses of Epictetus (1877)
- Decline of the Roman Republic (1864–1874), 5 vols
See HJ Matthews, in Memoriam, reprinted from the Brighton College Magazine, 1879.
During his time in Virginia, Long married Harriet Selden (nee Gray), the widow of Lieutenant-Colonel Joseph Selden, a judge of the Supreme Court of Arkansas. When the Longs returned to England in 1828, they took with them their Viriginia-born slave, Jacob Walker. As slavery was no longer legal in England, Jacob is listed as a manservant on the 1841 census. The Longs had four children together, along with two daughters from Harriet's previous marriage. Harriet died from cancer in 1841, and when Jacob Walker died two months later from smallpox, following an inoculation, he was interred in the same grave, which is now a Grade II listed memorial.
- Chisholm 1911.
- "TOMB OF HARRIET LONG AND JACOB WALKER IN THE CHURCHYARD OF THE OLD PARISH CHURCH OF ST MARY, Haringey - 1392351 | Historic England". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 2020-07-17.
- "Long, George (LN818G)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Gayle M. Schulman (2005). "Slaves at the University of Virginia" (PDF). Latin American Studies. Retrieved 17 October 2020.
Soon after he arrived from England George Long acquired a slave, Jacob.
- The Thoughts of The Emperor M. Aurelius Antoninus. Translated by Long, George (2nd ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. 1880. Retrieved 30 October 2019 – via Internet Archive.
- The Discourses of Epictetus and The Encheiridion and Fragments. Translated by Long, George. London: George Bell and Sons. 1877. Retrieved 30 October 2019 – via Internet Archive.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. 16 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 973–974. .
- George Long at the Database of Classical Scholars
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