George Mathers, 1st Baron Mathers

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Lord Mathers
Comptroller of the Household
In office
2 October 1944 – 23 May 1945
MonarchGeorge VI
Prime MinisterWinston Churchill
Preceded byWilliam John
Succeeded byLeslie Pym
Treasurer of the Household
In office
4 August 1945 – 30 March 1946
MonarchGeorge VI
Prime MinisterClement Attlee
Preceded bySir James Edmondson
Succeeded byArthur Pearson
Parliamentary Representation
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
In office
27 February 1952 – 26 September 1965
Hereditary Peerage
Member of Parliament
for West Lothian
In office
23 February 1950 – 5 October 1951
Preceded byConstituency created
Succeeded byJohn Taylor
Member of Parliament
for Linlithgowshire
In office
14 November 1935 – 3 February 1950
Preceded byAdrian Baillie
Succeeded byConstituency abolished
Member of Parliament
for Edinburgh West
In office
30 May 1929 – 7 October 1931
Preceded byIan MacIntyre
Succeeded byWilfrid Normand
Personal details
Born28 February 1886
Newtown St Boswells, Roxburghshire
Died26 September 1965(1965-09-26) (aged 79)
Political partyLabour
Edith Robinson
(died 1938)
Jessie Graham
(m. 1940)

George Mathers, 1st Baron Mathers KT, PC, DL (28 February 1886 – 26 September 1965) was a Scottish trade unionist and Labour Party politician. He served as Comptroller of the Household from 1944 to 1945 in Winston Churchill's war-time coalition government and as Treasurer of the Household (Deputy Chief Whip) from 1945 to 1946 in Clement Attlee's post-war Labour administration.

Background and education[edit]

Mathers was born in Newtown St Boswells, Roxburghshire, the son of George Mathers, JP, and Annie, daughter of James Barclay. He was educated at the Newtown St Boswells School.[1]

Early working life and trade unionism[edit]

From 1899 Mathers served as a clerk with the North British Railway. He was active in the trade union and labour movement from 1908, becoming President of the Carlisle Trades Council and Labour Party from 1917 to 1920. He was elected a member of Carlisle City Council in 1919, before transferring to Edinburgh in 1921.

Political career[edit]

Mathers was Chairman of Edinburgh Central Independent Labour Party and President of the Edinburgh Branch of the Scottish Home Rule Association. He unsuccessfully contested Edinburgh West in 1923 and 1924 before being elected as Member of Parliament (MP) for the seat in 1929.[2] He lost his seat in 1931 but was returned for Linlithgowshire in 1935.[3] He continued to hold the seat (renamed West Lothian in 1950) until he stood down at the 1951 general election.

Mathers was Parliamentary Private Secretary (PPS) to the Under-Secretary of State for India from July 1929, and transferred to same position with the Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies in November of that year (Drummond Shiels held both positions). From 1935 to 1945 he was a Scottish Labour Whip. He entered the government under Winston Churchill as Comptroller of the Household in October 1944, a post he held until the coalition government was disbanded in May 1945. When Labour came to power under Clement Attlee in July 1945, he was appointed Treasurer of the Household (Deputy Chief Whip),[4] which he remained until April the following year.[5] He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1947[6] and raised to the peerage as Baron Mathers, of Newtown St Boswells in the County of Roxburgh, on 30 January 1952,[7] in recognition of his "political and public services".[8] This was the last hereditary peerage created on the recommendation of a Labour Prime Minister.

Mathers was also Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland in 1946, 1947, 1948 and 1951, and was appointed a deputy lieutenant of Edinburgh in 1946. In 1956 he was appointed a Knight of the Thistle.[9]

Personal life[edit]

Lord Mathers married firstly Edith Mary, daughter of William Robinson, in 1916. After her death in June 1938 he married secondly Jessie, daughter of George Graham, in 1940. He died in September 1965, aged 79, when the barony became extinct.[1]


  1. ^ a b George Mathers, 1st and last Baron Mathers
  2. ^ "No. 33508". The London Gazette. 21 June 1929. p. 4117.
  3. ^ "No. 34223". The London Gazette. 26 November 1935. p. 7507.
  4. ^ "No. 37212". The London Gazette. 7 August 1945. p. 4025.
  5. ^ "No. 37520". The London Gazette. 2 April 1946. p. 1633.
  6. ^ "No. 37977". The London Gazette. 6 June 1947. p. 2571.
  7. ^ "No. 39470". The London Gazette. 15 February 1952. p. 919.
  8. ^ "No. 39396". The London Gazette. 27 November 1951. p. 6235.
  9. ^ "No. 40776". The London Gazette. 11 May 1956. p. 2771.

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Edinburgh West
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Linlithgowshire
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for West Lothian
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Comptroller of the Household
Succeeded by
Preceded by Treasurer of the Household
Succeeded by
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Mathers