George Maxwell Richards

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His Excellency
George Maxwell Richards
Professor George Maxwell Richards 1.jpg
4th President of Trinidad and Tobago
In office
17 March 2003 – 17 March 2013
Prime Minister Patrick Manning
Kamla Persad-Bissessar
Preceded by Arthur Robinson
Succeeded by Anthony Carmona
Personal details
Born (1931-12-01) 1 December 1931 (age 85)
San Fernando, Trinidad and Tobago
Political party Independent
Spouse(s) Jean Ramjohn
Alma mater University of Manchester
Pembroke College, Cambridge

George Maxwell Richards, TC, CM (born 1 December 1931)[1][2] was the fourth President of Trinidad and Tobago, in office from 2003 to 2013. A chemical engineer by training, Richards was Principal of the St. Augustine campus of the University of the West Indies in Trinidad from 1984 to 1996. He previously worked for Shell Trinidad Ltd before joining the University of the West Indies in 1965. He was sworn into office as President on 17 March 2003 for a five-year term. Richards was the first head of state in the Anglophone Caribbean of Amerindian ancestry.[citation needed]


"Max" Richards, as he is generally known, was born in the town of San Fernando in south Trinidad in 1931. He received his primary education there before winning an exhibition (scholarship) to attend Queen's Royal College in Port of Spain. From 1950 to 1951 he worked for the United British Oilfields of Trinidad (precursor to Shell Trinidad Ltd.) at Point Fortin. He received a scholarship from them to study chemical engineering. Richards then attended the University of Manchester (UMIST), where he took a BEng degree (1955) and an MEng degree (1957). He subsequently obtained a PhD degree in Chemical Engineering from the University of Cambridge (Pembroke).

Richards returned to Trinidad and worked for Shell Trinidad Ltd from 1957 to 1965 before joining the Department of Chemical Engineering at the University of the West Indies, eventually attaining the post of Professor of Chemical Engineering. From 1980 to 1985 Richards served as Pro-Vice-Chancellor and Deputy Principal of the University. He served as Acting Principal of the St. Augustine Campus from 1984 to 1985, and was confirmed in the position in 1985. Richards served as Principal through the turbulent period in 1988 when the government slashed the university's budget by 30% and instituted a cess on university students (effectively raising tuition from TT$120 to $3000 overnight). He managed to keep the university afloat through this difficult period and retired as Principal in 1996 although he continued to teach as Professor Emeritus until he was elected President. Richards also served on the Boards of many Trinidad and Tobago companies including that of the state-owned oil company, Trintoc (now Petrotrin), the National Gas Company and the Trinidad Publishing Company.

Although the position of President is a primarily ceremonial one, Richards has been outspoken in his criticism of the upsurge of crime in Trinidad and Tobago. He is also well known for his involvement in Carnival.

Richards also received an Honorary Doctorate from Heriot-Watt University in 2007.[3]

Richards was re-elected to a second five-year term as President by the Electoral College on 11 February 2008. He was the only candidate, and the Electoral College met for only three minutes.[4]

In 1977, Richards received the Chaconia Medal of the National Order of the Trinity, Class 1 Gold (the Chaconia Medal, Gold) for his contributions to Trinidad and Tobago. He is married to Jean Ramjohn, an anesthesiologist and cousin of the former President Noor Hassanali. They have two children: a son, Mark, who is also a medical doctor; and a daughter, Maxine, who is a businesswoman.

President Richards in May 2009 faced calls to resign for bungling the appointment of the Trinidad and Tobago Integrity Commission – whose members all resigned for various reasons within a week of being sworn in on 1 May 2009 – even as Richards embarked on a three-week foreign vacation. In a televised address to the nation on 29 May 2009, he said he had not brought his office into disrepute and so saw no reason to resign.


  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ [2]
  3. ^ "Annual Review 2007 : Principal's Review". Archived from the original on 2016-03-05. Retrieved 2016-03-29. 
  4. ^ Clint Chan, "Max’s 3-minute re-election", Trinidad & Tobago's Newsday, February 12, 2008.
Political offices
Preceded by
Arthur Robinson
President of Trinidad and Tobago
Succeeded by
Anthony Carmona