George Middleton (playwright)
In 1902 George Middleton first had his work produced professionally when he worked on the stage adaptation of The Cavalier with Paul Kester and the novel's author, George W. Cable. In 1911 he published Embers: And Other One-Act Plays; it was among the earliest such collections published by an American. Middleton authored many one-act plays and was a known proponent of the form.
He collaborated with Guy Bolton several times. The comedy Polly With a Past (1917) was one of their successes, running for 315 performances and making a star of Ina Claire. A film adaptation was made in 1920, and in 1929 the stage musical Polly was based on it. In 1919 they had another success with Adam and Eva, selected by theater critic Burns Mantle as one of the best plays of 1919–1920. This play was also made into a film.
In addition to his original work, Middleton also translated French plays and dramatized novels.
He was an early crusader for the rights of playwrights and was instrumental in the creation of the Minimum Basic Agreement and the subsequent 1926 battle to get theatrical managers to agree to its terms.
On October 29, 1911, Middleton married actress and suffragette Flora Dodge 'Fola' La Follette, the oldest child of U.S. Senator Robert Marion La Follette, Sr. of Wisconsin and Belle Case La Follette. His wife was the inspiration for his one-act play Tradition.
- Julie Kyllonen (2010). "A Finding Aid to the Collection in the Library of Congress" (PDF). George Middleton Papers. Rev. and expanded by Michael McElderry. Manuscript Division, Library of Congress. Retrieved 2015-10-10.
- Arlin Turner (1966). George W. Cable: A Biography. LSU Press. p. 325. ISBN 978-0-8071-0106-3.
- Benjamin Roland Lewis (1922). Contemporary One-act Plays: With Outline Study of the One-act Play and Bibliographies. Charles Scribner's Sons. p. 45.
- J. Ellen Gainor (2003). Susan Glaspell in Context: American Theater, Culture, and Politics, 1915–48. University of Michigan Press. p. 11. ISBN 0-472-03010-8.
- Burns Mantle (1920). The Best Plays of 1919–1920. Small, Maynard. p. 248.
- T. J. Walsh (2004). "Playwrights and Power". In Arthur Gewirtz; James J. Kolb. Art, Glitter, and Glitz: Mainstream Playwrights and Popular Theatre in 1920s America. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 107–117. ISBN 978-0-313-32467-3.
- Frances Stover (June 8, 1947). "The World as a Stage". Milwaukee Journal. Retrieved 2010-07-13.
- W. J. Maxwell, ed. (1916). "Graduates in Arts". Columbia University General Catalogue, 1754–1916. p. 192. Retrieved 2015-10-10.
- Naomi Paxton, ed. (2013). The Methuen Drama Book of Suffrage Plays. Bloomsbury. pp. xvi–xvii. ISBN 978-1-4081-7660-3.
- Weisberger, Bernard A., The La Follettes of Wisconsin Love and Politics in Progressive, The University of Wisconsin Press, 1994.
- Works by George Middleton at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about George Middleton at Internet Archive
- Works by George Middleton at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
- George Middleton at the Internet Broadway Database
- George Middleton at the Internet Movie Database
- "The Neglected One-Act Play", pg. 2, Middleton's 1912 article in the New York Dramatic Mirror