George Mikes

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However he adopted the normal Western word order for his name after settling in England.

George Mikes
Born Mikes György
(1912-02-15)15 February 1912
Siklós, Kingdom of Hungary, Austria-Hungary
Died 30 August 1987(1987-08-30) (aged 75)
London, England
Language English
Nationality Hungarian
Citizenship British (from 1946)
Genre Humour, journalism
Notable works How to be an Alien
Children Martin (first marriage)
Judith (second marriage)

George Mikes ['mikeʃ] (15 February 1912 – 30 August 1987) was a Hungarian-born British journalist, humourist and writer, best known for his humorous commentaries on various countries.

Life[edit]

George Mikes was born in 1912, in the small town of Siklós, in the southwest of Hungary.[1] His father, Alfréd Mikes, was a successful lawyer, a profession in which he wanted his son to follow him. Mikes graduated in Budapest in 1933; he studied law and received his doctorate at Budapest University, after that he worked as a lawyer[2] but at the same time he became a journalist and started to work for Reggel ("Morning"), a Budapest newspaper. For a short while he was the columnist of Intim Pista for Színházi Élet ("Theatre Life"), another newspaper in Budapest.[3]

In 1938 Mikes became the London correspondent for two Hungarian newspapers, Reggel and 8 Órai Ujság ("8 o'clock News") and he worked for the former until 1940. The experience of the German Jewish refugees coming to his home in Hungary for help after 1933 had left an abiding impression upon him. So in 1938, when Mikes had originally been sent to London to cover the Munich Crisis and expected to stay for only a couple of weeks, just one year before the outbreak of World War II he decided not to return to Hungary, and instead remained in England. He worked for the BBC's Hungarian Service from 1939 onwards, interrupted only by his internment as an enemy alien on the Isle of Man in 1940.[4]

Living in exile in England, he broadcast to Hungary for the BBC during World War II, and also collaborated with the Hungarian emigration[clarification needed], and wrote political cabaret for the London Podium, a Hungarian theatre in London at that time. From 1939 he also made documentaries for the BBC Hungarian section, at first as a freelance correspondent and, from 1950, as an employee.[5] He was naturalised as a British citizen in 1946. In 1956 he went back to Hungary to cover the Hungarian Revolution for BBC TV. From 1975 until his death on 30 August 1987 he also worked for the Hungarian section of Radio Free Europe.

He was president of the London branch of PEN, and a member of the Garrick Club.[6]

Mikes wrote in both Hungarian and English, for The Observer, The Times Literary Supplement, Encounter, Irodalmi Újság, Népszava, the Viennese Hungarian-language Magyar Híradó, and Világ.

His friends included the Hungarian writer Arthur Koestler, whose biography Mikes wrote (Arthur Koestler; the story of a friendship); J. B. Priestley; academicDoireann MacDermott;[7] and André Deutsch, whose publishing house promoted Mikes as a writer.[8]

He married twice and had a son called Martin by his first marriage, and a daughter called Judith by his second. He died in London on 30 August 1987. On 15 September 1991, a memorial plaque was unveiled at his childhood home.

Publications[edit]

His first book published in 1945, was We Were There To Escape – the true story of a Jugoslav officer about life in prisoner-of-war camps. The Times Literary Supplement praised the book for the humour it showed in parts, which led him to write his most famous satiric book, How to be an Alien, which proved a great success in post-war Britain in 1946. This book poked gentle fun at the English, including a one-line chapter on sex: "Continental people have sex lives; the English have hot-water bottles." In his subsequent books Mikes blended local jokes into his own humor, dealt with (among others) Japan (The Land of the Rising Yen), Israel (Milk and Honey, The Prophet Motive), the US (How to Scrape Skies), the United Nations (How to Unite Nations), Australia (Boomerang), the British again (How to be Inimitable, How to be Decadent), and South America (How to Tango). Other subjects include God (How to be God), his cat (Tsi-Tsa), wealth (How to be Poor) and philosophy (How to be a Guru).

Apart from his commentaries, he wrote humorous fiction (Mortal Passion; The Spy Who Died of Boredom) and contributed to the satirical television series That Was The Week That Was.

He wrote his ironic autobiography with the title How to be Seventy, published in 1982.[9]

Every now and then Mikes ventured the territory of serious literature, his serious writing included a book about the Hungarian secret police, and he narrated a BBC television report of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956.[1]

According to Thomas Kabdebo, another Hungarian immigrant writer, Mikes's favorite comic device was to place himself an inveterate yet vulnerable traveller, an ardent rationalist with European values, where he discovers national pretensions behind proud phraseology. Thus, he was able to flesh out national stereotypes with comic characteristics.[10]

Mikes wrote over forty books, thirty-five of them humorous, however, in some way, it was a pity that his How to be an Alien was a long-lasting best seller. It pushed him into a category of a critic who was viewed with benign fondness and not considered a serious thinker.[11] In the preface to the 24th impression of his book How to be an Alien, he reflects on the book's success:[12]

Since then I have actually written about a dozen books, but I might as well have never written anything else. I remained the author of How to be an Alien even after I had published a collection of serious essays."

Selected bibliography[edit]

  • How to be an Alien: a handbook for beginners and more advanced pupils (1946)
  • How to Scrape Skies: the United States explored, rediscovered and explained (1948)
  • Wisdom for Others (1950)
  • Milk and Honey: Israel explored (1950)
  • Down with everybody (1951)
  • Shakespeare and Myself (1952)
  • Uber Alles: Germany explored (1953)
  • Little Cabbages (1955)
  • Italy for Beginners (1956)
  • How to Be Inimitable: coming of age in England (1960)
  • How to Tango: a solo across South America (1961)
  • Switzerland for Beginners (1962)
  • How to Unite Nations (1963)
  • Mortal Passion (1963), a novel
  • Germany Laughs at Herself: German cartoons since 1848 (1965)
  • Eureka!: Rummaging in Greece (1965)
  • How to Be Affluent (1966)
  • Boomerang: Australia Rediscovered (1968)
  • The Prophet Motive: Israel today and tomorrow (1969)
  • The Land of the Rising Yen: Japan (1970)
  • Humour in Memoriam (1970)
  • Any Souvenirs?: Central Europe revisited (1971)
  • The Spy who Died of Boredom (1973)
  • How to Be Decadent (1977)
  • Tsi-Tsa: the biography of a cat (1978)
  • English Humour for Beginners (1980)
  • How to Be Seventy: an autobiography (1982)
  • How to Be Poor (1983)
  • How to Be a Guru (1984)
  • How to Be God (1986)
  • The Riches of the Poor: who's WHO (1987)

Non-fiction[edit]

  • Eight humorists (1954)
  • We Were There to Escape: the true story of a Jugoslav officer (1945)
  • The Hungarian Revolution (1957)
  • A Study in Infamy: the operations of the Hungarian Secret Police (AVO) (1959)
  • Arthur Koestler; the story of a friendship (1983)

References[edit]

  1. ^ How to be poor – about the author. London: Andres Deush and Penguin books. p. 4. Retrieved 24 June 2014. 
  2. ^ Preface to the 24th impression of How to be an Alian, ISBN 0 14 00 2514 6
  3. ^ Hungarian Biographical Encyclopedia (in Hungarian)
  4. ^ "Twentieth-Century Music and Politics: Essays in Memory of Neil Edmunds edited by Pauline Fairclough Page 226., 222., 225". 
  5. ^ "George Mikes, 75; Wrote Gentle Satires And Serious Works", New York Times, 4 September 1987; retrieved 16 May 2017.
  6. ^ Thomas Kabdebo (1996). "Mikes, George". In Steven H. Gale. Encyclopedia of British humorists: Geoffrey Chaucer to John Cleese. 1. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9780824059903. Retrieved 30 January 2010. 
  7. ^ Firth Marsden, Kathleen (9 January 2015). "15 minuts amb... Doireann MacDermott" [15 Minutes with...] (in Catalan). Retrieved 9 July 2018.  (Interview in English)
  8. ^ "George Mikes, 75; Wrote Gentle Satires And Serious Works", New York Times, 4 September 1987; retrieved 16 May 2017.
  9. ^ Mikes, George (1 January 1982). How to be Seventy: An Autobiography. London: A. Deutsch. ISBN 0233974539. Retrieved 24 June 2014. 
  10. ^ Thomas Kabdebo (1996). "Mikes, George". In Steven H. Gale. Encyclopedia of British humorists: Geoffrey Chaucer to John Cleese. 1. Taylor & Francis. p. 764. ISBN 9780824059903. Retrieved 30 January 2010. 
  11. ^ Albert H. Friedlander. "Mikes, George". In Sorrel Kerbel. The Routledge Encyclopedia of Jewish Writers of the Twentieth Century. p. 703. Retrieved 24 June 2017. 
  12. ^ Preface to the 24th impression of How to be an Alien, ISBN 0 14 00 2514 6

Sources[edit]