George Milner Stephen

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George Milner Stephen (18 December 1812 – 16 January 1894), often written G. Milner Stephen, was a South Australian and Victorian politician and faith healer.[1]

Early life[edit]

Stephen born in Wells, Somerset, England, the sixth son of John Stephen, later judge of the Supreme Court of New South Wales, and his wife Mary Anne, née Pasmore.[1] G. M. Stephen was the younger brother of Sir Alfred Stephen. Stephen was educated at Honiton Grammar School, topping every class. Stephen moved to Sydney with his father, arriving in the Prince Regent in July 1824. [1]

Stephen won the silver medal for classics at Sydney Grammar School within his first year.[1]

Career[edit]

Stephen was a man of unusual ability, a good administrator and a capable lawyer, interested in science, art and music, all of which he had studied.[citation needed] In 1831 Stephen was appointed clerk of the Supreme Court at Hobart, went to South Australia in 1838, and became advocate-general at Adelaide and a member of the South Australian Legislative Council. When Governor John Hindmarsh left the colony in 1838 Stephen administered the colony under great difficulties from July to October. There were no funds in the treasury, and Stephen had to advance the pay of the police force from his own pocket. He "carried out a heavy duty with honour, zeal, intelligence and integrity" (A. G. Price, Foundation and Settlement of South Australia, p. 130).[2]

On 9 February 1838, Stephen was appointed advocate-general and crown solicitor in South Australia.[1] Stephen was Colonial Secretary of South Australia from October 1838 to July 1839. He served as Acting Governor in the interregnum (16 July 1838 – 17 October 1838) between Governors Hindmarsh and Gawler,[3] appointing Robert Bernard to succeed him as crown solicitor and advocate-general. Stephen was appointed colonial secretary by the incoming Governor.[4]

In July 1839 Hindmarsh and his wife Susan transferred ownership of the Section 353 (the Town of Hindmarsh) from themselves to Stephen and the surveyor Arthur Fydell Lindsay.[5]

Stephen became involved in land speculation, the promotion of which led to his being accused of forgery and perjury.[6] Stephen was acquitted, but was unsuccessful in an action for libel brought against the South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register in connection with this matter.[1]

Stephen went to England to continue his law studies and was called to the bar early in 1845. He then returned to Adelaide and practised as a barrister (one of his high-profile clients was The Register's editor John Stephens), and moved to Melbourne about 1851 where he also practised with success. Stephen was in England from 1853 to 1856 and then returned to Australia. In the 2 July 1856 edition of the Melbourne Argus, an unfavourable article was printed regarding Stephen, part of which stated[7] "We are unwilling to say more about Mr. George Milner Stephen than will suffice to save the constituency he persists in seeking to represent from the regrets that would assuredly follow his election..."

In August 1859 Stephen was elected a member of the Victorian Legislative Assembly for Collingwood[2] and served until July 1861.[1][8]

Spirituality and faith healing[edit]

A few years later Stephen went to Sydney where for two years he was acting parliamentary draughtsman. He became interested in spiritualism and believed that he could heal people by the "laying on of hands". For many years both in Sydney and Melbourne he practised in this way, and received hundreds of letters testifying to the benefits received by his patients. While his early unfortunate experience in speculating in land was continually brought up against him in later years, and militated against his public career, Stephen's work as a healer created a great deal of interest at the time.[1][2]

Death[edit]

Stephen died at the Brunswick, Victoria home of his adopted daughter, Mrs. Tomlinson, following surgery to remove a large bladder stone.[9]

Family[edit]

George Milner Stephen's brother, Sir Alfred Stephen, P.C., K.C.M.G. (20 August 1802 – 15 October 1894), was Lieutenant-Governor and Chief Justice of New South Wales. Another brother, John Stephen, (died 1854) was the earliest created alderman for the City of Melbourne.[10]

George married Mary ( – 27 December 1887), daughter of Sir John Hindmarsh on 9 July 1840[11] They had seven children, including an adopted daughter:[citation needed]

  • Harold Wilberforce Hindmarsh Stephen (1841 – 30 November 1889) journalist and MLA for Monaro in New South Wales parliament
  • Alfred Farish Hindmarsh Stephen (ca.1844 – 18 April 1928) married Annie Muriel Beaumont on 9 August 1883 minister of religion
  • Florence Mary Hindmarsh Stephen (10 June 1846 – 13 July 1916) married Fredrick Albert Wilkinson on 12 May 1875
  • George Shadforth Hindmarsh Stephen (28 November 1848 – 12 September 1890) married Alice
  • Lionel Viney Hindmarsh Stephen (5 December 1854 – 3 December 1922) planted "Ivanhoe" vineyard at Pokolbin, New South Wales
  • Evelyn A. Hindmarsh Stephen (14 June 1861 – 7 August 1951) Registrar with Department of Mines
  • adopted daughter Zenobia Virginia Broderick (ca.1864 – 29 March 1925) married land broker Ralph Ward-Tomlinson ( – 26 September 1918) on 27 January 1893

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Anon (1967). "Stephen, George Milner (1812 - 1894)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 2013-12-27. 
  2. ^ a b c Serle, Percival (1949). "Stephen, George Milner". Dictionary of Australian Biography. Sydney: Angus and Robertson. Retrieved 2010-03-08. 
  3. ^ "Table A: Governors and Administrators" (PDF). Parliament of South Australia. 2010. Retrieved 27 December 2013. 
  4. ^ "The Land Commissionership". Southern Australian. I, (22). South Australia. 27 October 1838. p. 3. Retrieved 13 November 2016 – via National Library of Australia. 
  5. ^ Parsons, Ronald Hindmarsh Town, Corporation of the Town of Hindmarsh 1974 ISBN 0 9598793 0 7
  6. ^ "Milner Estate—Port Gawler". South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900). Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia. 20 July 1839. p. 2. Retrieved 25 July 2012. 
  7. ^ "The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1856)". Retrieved 2 February 2012. 
  8. ^ "Stephen, George Milner". re-member: a database of all Victorian MPs since 1851. Parliament of Victoria. Retrieved 27 December 2013. 
  9. ^ "Mr. Milner Stephen.". Australian Town and Country Journal (NSW : 1870 - 1907). NSW: National Library of Australia. 27 January 1894. p. 20. Retrieved 25 July 2012. 
  10. ^ "Funeral of the late John Stephen Esq.". The Courier. Hobart. 1 November 1854. p. 2. Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  11. ^ "Family Notices". Southern Australian (Adelaide, SA : 1838 - 1844). Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia. 10 July 1840. p. 2. Retrieved 25 July 2012. 
South Australian Legislative Council
Preceded by
James H. Fisher
John Hindmarsh
Henry Jickling
Thomas B. Strangways
Member of the South Australian Legislative Council
1838–1839
Served alongside: Multiple Members
Succeeded by
Edward C. Frome
Robert Gouger
George Hall
Charles Sturt
Political offices
Preceded by
Thomas B. Strangways
Colonial Secretary of South Australia
1838 – 1839
Succeeded by
Robert Gouger
Victorian Legislative Assembly
Preceded by
George Harker
Member of Parliament for Collingwood
1859 – 1861
Served alongside: Thomas Embling
Succeeded by
John Edwards
Government offices
Previous:
R. Adm. John Hindmarsh
Acting
Governor of South Australia

1838
Succeeded by
Lt. Col. George Gawler