George Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax

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Horton House 1935 just before demolition

George Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax PC (c. 1684 – 9 May 1739) was a British politician.

Family[edit]

George Montagu was the son of Edward Montagu and Elizabeth Pelham and great-grandson of Henry Montagu, 1st Earl of Manchester,

George Montagu married Ricarda Posthuma Saltonstale (~1689–1711), their daughter Lucy married Francis North and her son was prime minister from 1770 to 1782.

After his first wife's death in 1711 George Montagu married Lady Mary Lumley (1690–1726), daughter of Richard Lumley, 1st Earl of Scarborough and they were to have at least another seven children.

His family's seat was Horton House, Horton, Northamptonshire. This house was demolished in 1936.

Career[edit]

He sat as a Member of Parliament for Northampton between 1705 and 1715 and held these appointments:

Earl of Halifax[edit]

Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax was his uncle. A childless widower, Charles took care to ensure his title would pass to George, eldest son of his eldest brother, and George would receive most of his estate.[1] George was obliged to leave the House of Commons when he succeeded his uncle as second Baron Halifax, according to the special remainder. A few weeks after succeeding, he was created Earl of Halifax and Viscount Sunbury, reviving the other titles held by his uncle. Two years later he was admitted to the Privy Council.

George Montagu died in 1739 and was succeeded in his titles by his son by Mary Lumley, George.

Styles of address[edit]

  • 1684–1705: Mr George Montagu
  • 1705–1715: Mr George Montagu MP
  • 1715: The Right Honourable The Lord Halifax
  • 1715–1717: The Right Honourable The Earl of Halifax
  • 1717–1739: The Right Honourable The Earl of Halifax PC

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Eveline Cruickshanks, Stuart Handley, The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1690–1715, ed. D. Hayton, E. Cruickshanks, S. Handley, 2002
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Sir Matthew Dudley
Francis Arundell
Member of Parliament for Northampton
1705–1707
With: Francis Arundell
Succeeded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Parliament of England
Member of Parliament for Northampton
1707–1715
With: Francis Arundell 1707–10
William Wykes 1710–15
Succeeded by
William Wykes
William Wilmer
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Halifax
Auditor of the Exchequer
1714–1739
Succeeded by
The Lord Walpole
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Earl of Halifax
1715–1739
Succeeded by
George Montagu
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Charles Montagu
Baron Halifax
1715–1739
Succeeded by
George Montagu