George Mountbatten, 2nd Marquess of Milford Haven
The Marquess of Milford Haven
|Born||Prince George of Battenberg|
6 November 1892
New Palace, Darmstadt, Grand Duchy of Hesse, German Empire
|Died||8 April 1938 (aged 45)|
|Buried||13 April 1938|
Bray, Berkshire, England
|Father||Prince Louis of Battenberg|
|Mother||Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine|
|Years of service||1904–37|
|Battles/wars||First World War|
Captain George Louis Victor Henry Serge Mountbatten, 2nd Marquess of Milford Haven, (6 November 1892 – 8 April 1938), born Prince George of Battenberg, styled Earl of Medina between 1917 and 1921, was a Royal Navy officer and the elder son of Louis Mountbatten, 1st Marquess of Milford Haven (Prince Louis of Battenberg), and Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine.
Prince George of Battenberg, as he then was, was born at Darmstadt in the Grand Duchy of Hesse, then ruled by his maternal uncle Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse. From birth, he was a prince of the Hessian royal family, albeit of a morganatic branch. His siblings were Princess Alice (mother of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, to whom he was a mentor in Philip's adolescence), Queen Louise of Sweden and Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma (who assumed the role of Philip's mentor after George's death).
George followed his father into the Royal Navy, and after passing out from the Royal Naval College at Dartmouth, was promoted to sub-lieutenant on 15 January 1913. He was promoted to lieutenant on 15 February 1914, and served in the First World War. In 1917, his father and several of his relations relinquished their German names, styles and titles in exchange for British peerages at the behest of George V. Accordingly, Prince George dropped the style of Serene Highness and his surname was anglicised to "Mountbatten." When his father was created Marquess of Milford Haven in late 1917, George received the courtesy title of Earl of Medina, succeeding to his father's peerage after his death in September 1921. During the war, George's aunt Empress Alexandra of Russia along with his uncle by marriage Nicholas II of Russia, five cousins and another aunt Elisabeth were killed by communist revolutionaries.
Lord Milford Haven, as George was now known, remained in the Royal Navy after the war; he was promoted to lieutenant-commander on 15 February 1922 and to commander on 31 December 1926. In 1932, he retired from active service at his own request, with effect from 9 December of that year. On 6 November 1937, shortly before his death, he was promoted to the rank of captain on the retired list.
An accomplished mathematician, the Marquess "could work out complicated gunnery problems in his head" and "read books on calculus casually on trains". Queen Elizabeth II, his niece-in-law, considered him "one of the most intelligent and brilliant of people".
Marriage and issue
Prince George of Battenberg, as he then was known, married Countess Nadejda Mikhailovna de Torby (daughter of Russian Grand Duke Michael Mikhailovich Romanov and his morganatic wife, Countess Sophie von Merenberg) on 15 November 1916 at the Russian Embassy, Welbeck Street, London. They lived at Lynden Manor at Holyport in Berkshire and had two children:
- Lady Tatiana Elizabeth Mountbatten (Edinburgh, Scotland, 16 December 1917 – Northampton, England, 15 May 1988)
- David Michael Mountbatten, 3rd Marquess of Milford Haven (Edinburgh, Scotland, 12 May 1919 – London, England 14 April 1970).
Legacy to the British Museum
- Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order, 1916
- Order of St Vladimir, 4th class, with Swords, authorised to wear 5 June 1917
- Knight of the Military Order of Savoy, authorised to wear 11 August 1917
- Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, 1932
|Ancestors of George Mountbatten, 2nd Marquess of Milford Haven|
- Hessisches Hauptstaatsarchiv; Wiesbaden, Deutschland; Bestand: 901; Laufende Nummer: 150
- "No. 28688". The London Gazette. 7 February 1913. p. 960.
- "No. 28802". The London Gazette. 17 February 1914. p. 1273.
- "No. 32613". The London Gazette (Supplement). 17 February 1922. p. 1414.
- "No. 33235". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 1926. p. 8.
- "No. 33890". The London Gazette. 9 December 1932. p. 7833.
- "No. 34454". The London Gazette. 12 November 1937. p. 7087.
- Hough, p. 359
- Quoted in Hough, p. 360
- Lynden Manor Berkshire History
- "Is that it?". the Guardian. 23 February 2002. Retrieved 4 August 2021.
- "Printed books". The British Library. Retrieved 4 August 2021.
-  Milford Haven (1917) Cracroft's Peerage. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
- "No. 30116". The London Gazette (Supplement). 5 June 1917. p. 5591.
- "No. 30227". The London Gazette (Supplement). 10 August 1917. p. 8208.
- Battenberg family at the Encyclopædia Britannica
- Weir, Alison (1996). Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (Revised ed.). London: Pimlico. pp. 305–307. ISBN 0-7126-7448-9.
- Metnitz, Gustav Adolf (1953), "Alexander", Neue Deutsche Biographie (in German), vol. 1, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, p. 192; (full text online)
- Franz, E.G. (2005). Das Haus Hessen: Eine europäische Familie. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer Verlag. pp. 164–170. ISBN 978-3-17-018919-5. OCLC 76873355.
- Franz, Eckhart G. (1987), "Ludwig IV.", Neue Deutsche Biographie (in German), vol. 15, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 398–400; (full text online)