George Nevill, 5th Baron Bergavenny
The Lord Abergavenny
|Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports|
|Preceded by||Sir Edward Poyning|
|Succeeded by||Sir Edward Guilford|
|Died||June 1535 (about 66)|
|Resting place||Birling, Kent|
|Children||Henry Nevill, 6th Baron Bergavenny|
daughter whose name is unknown
His younger brother Sir Thomas Nevill was a trusted councillor of King Henry VIII and Speaker of the House of Commons. His youngest brother, the courtier Sir Edward Nevill, was executed by Henry in 1538 for treason.
As a second cousin of the new Queen, Anne Nevill, he attended the coronation of King Richard III in 1483 when, despite his young age, he was knighted. Having succeeded to his father's peerage and estates in 1492, he achieved prominence fighting against the Cornish rebels in 1497 at the Battle of Blackheath. In 1497 he took his place in the House of Lords and became involved in national affairs, being appointed to the privy council and in regular attendance at court. However, in 1506 he fell into serious trouble for keeping an illegal private army, being fined the immense amount of 100,000 pounds and subjected to a travel ban. When Henry VIII became king in 1509, the fine was cancelled and a pardon granted. By 1512, he was back on the council and in 1513 was elected to the Order of the Garter. In that year he served in the expedition to capture Tournai and then to relieve Guînes.
At the coronation of Henry VIII, he held the office of Chief Larderer and in 1512 he was granted the castle and lands of Abergavenny. He was a keen jouster and accompanied both King Henry VII and King Henry VIII on state occasions, including the meetings in 1520 with King Francis I of France at the Field of Cloth of Gold and with Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, at Gravelines.
The trial and execution in 1521 of his father-in-law Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham, led to his own imprisonment for a year in the Tower of London. After admitting he had concealed the duke's treason, he was stripped of all his offices, fined 10,000 marks and had to sell his house to the king. He was then pardoned, being allowed to continue serving at court, in Parliament and in war, but regarded with suspicion. In 1530 he signed the petition asking Pope Clement VII to dissolve Henry VIII's marriage to Catherine of Aragon and was allowed to buy back his house. At the coronation of Anne Boleyn in 1533, he once again was Chief Larderer and was allowed to officiate.
Marriages and children
He first married Joan (died 14 November 1508), the daughter of Thomas FitzAlan, 17th Earl of Arundel, and his wife Margaret, the second daughter of Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers and younger sister of Queen Elizabeth, wife of King Edward IV. According to Hawkyard, the marriage was childless; however according to Cokayne, Richardson and Cracroft, there were one or two daughters:
- Elizabeth Nevill, who married Henry Daubeney, 1st Earl of Bridgewater.
- Jane Nevill, who married Henry Pole, 1st Baron Montagu, elder brother of Cardinal Reginald Pole, executed for treason on 9 January 1539.
- Henry Nevill, 6th Baron Bergavenny.
- John Nevill.
- Thomas Nevill.
- Mary Nevill, who married first Thomas Fiennes, 9th Baron Dacre; secondly John Wootton of Tuddenham; and thirdly Francis Thursby of Congham.
- Catherine Nevill, who married Sir John St Leger.
- Margaret Nevill, who married first John Cheney (died 1544) and secondly Henry Poole of Ditchling.
- Dorothy Nevill (died 1559), who married, as his first wife, William Brooke, 10th Baron Cobham, with whom she had a daughter, Frances Brooke, who married first Thomas Coppinger (1546–1580), and secondly Edward Becher.
- Ursula Nevill, who married Sir Warham St Leger, second cousin once removed of her brother-in-law Sir John St Leger.
He married fourthly his mistress Mary Brooke, the aunt of his son-in-law William Brooke, who was pregnant at his death. with a daughter whose name is unknown. Mary was the daughter of Thomas Brooke, 8th Baron Cobham, and his first wife Dorothy, daughter of Sir Henry Heydon, of Baconsthorpe, and his wife Anne, daughter of Sir Geoffrey Boleyn of Hever. This made her a second cousin of Queen Anne Boleyn.
Arms of Nevill, Barons Bergavenny: Gules, a saltire argent charged with a rose of the field (barbed and seeded proper). These are the ancient arms of Nevill differenced by a rose, the symbol of a 7th son, in reference to Sir Edward Nevill, 1st Baron Bergavenny (d.1476), husband of Elizabeth Beauchamp & 7th son of Ralph Nevill, 1st Earl of Westmorland. These arms have descended to the Nevill Marquesses of Abergavenny
|Ancestors of George Nevill, 5th Baron Bergavenny|
- Hawkyard, Alasdair (January 2008). "Neville, George, third Baron Abergavenny (c.1469–1535)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/19935. Retrieved 16 March 2017. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.) Subscription or UK public library membership needed
- Burke 1832, pp. 8–9.
- Cokayne 1910, p. 31.
- Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition, 2 volumes (Crans, Switzerland: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 1999), volume 1, page 17.
- Cokayne 1910, p. 32.
- Cokayne 1910, p. 33.
- Hawkyard 2004.
- Cokayne 1916, p. 105.
- Richardson I 2011, pp. 37–8, 170.
- Cracroft, archived from the original on 6 May 2012, retrieved 16 March 2017
- Richardson III 2011, pp. 377.
- Richardson I 2011, pp. 170–1.
- McKeen 1986, p. 700.
- Richardson I 2011, p. 170.
- Blazon per Debrett's Peerage, 1968, "Marquess of Abergavenny", with extra details of rose as stated for the Nevill Barons Braybrooke
- Burke, John (1832). A General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. I. London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley. pp. 8–9. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
- Cokayne, George Edward (1910). The Complete Peerage, edited by Vicary Gibbs. I. London: St. Catherine Press.
- Cokayne, George Edward (1916). The Complete Peerage, edited by the Honourable Vicary Gibbs. IV. London: St. Catherine Press.
- Hawkyard, Alasdair (2004). "Neville, George, third Baron Bergavenny (c.1469–1535)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/19935. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- McKeen, David (1986). A Memory of Honour; The Life of William Brooke, Lord Cobham. I. Salzburg: Universitat Salzburg. p. 700.
- Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G. (ed.). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. I (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 978-1449966379.
- Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G. (ed.). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. III (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 978-1449966393.