George Neville, 1st Duke of Bedford
|The Duke of Bedford|
|Noble family||House of Neville|
|Father||John Neville, 1st Marquess of Montagu|
|Died||4 May 1483|
George Neville, 1st Duke of Bedford (1461 – 4 May 1483) was an English nobleman, whose birth made him a candidate for the status of a great magnate; his failure to achieve this was largely a result of the political failure of his father and uncle.
He was the son of John Neville, Earl of Northumberland (and later Marquess Montagu), a nephew of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick. George's mother was Isobel Ingoldsthorpe, only daughter and heiress of Sir Edmund Ingoldsthorpe and Joan Tiptoft.
At birth George was the likely or possible heir to a large estate. Most definite was the property of his father's earldom, his mother's Ingoldsthorpe estates, and the more modest jointure of his parents. The latter two were by themselves sufficient to support a baron. He was also heir presumptive (after his father) to the Neville estates of his uncle, the Earl of Warwick. These were entailed to heirs male and the earl had only daughters. Finally, George was likely to inherit (after his mother and grandmother) a third share of the Tiptoft property held by his childless great-uncle the Earl of Worcester. These inheritances altogether would yield around 4,000 pounds a year, which compares favourably with the 4,500 pounds annual income of the Duke of Clarence, the greatest magnate of the time.
George Neville was made Duke of Bedford in 1470, as the intended husband of Elizabeth of York. The title had lain unused since John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford, died on 14 September 1435. However, his father and his uncle (the Earl of Warwick) rebelled against King Edward IV the following year and were slain. An act of attainder was never passed against them, but George received no inheritance from them or from his maternal ancestors. An act of parliament in 1475 gave the Neville inheritance in the north of England to Richard, Duke of Gloucester, husband of one of Warwick's daughters. George had a half-interest in the estates of his maternal grandfather, Sir Edmund Ingoldsthorpe, and his maternal grandmother, Joan Tiptoft, who was sister and heiress of John Tiptoft, 1st Earl of Worcester.
Shortly before he came of age in 1478 he was denied the title by act of parliament, ostensibly for lack of money to maintain the style of a duke. The title was subsequently given to the infant George Plantagenet of York, the 3rd son of King Edward IV.
- Hicks, Michael (1986). "What Might Have Been: George Neville, Duke of Bedford, 1465–83: His Identity and Significance". The Ricardian. 96. reprinted in his book Richard III and his Rivals.
- Ross, Charles (1981). Richard III. Methuen. ISBN 0-413-29530-3.
Title last held byJohn of Lancaster
|Duke of Bedford
Forfeit, next held by George Plantagenet
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