George Nigh

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
George Patterson Nigh
George Nigh.jpg
17th & 22nd Governor of Oklahoma
In office
January 3, 1979 – January 12, 1987
Lieutenant Spencer Bernard
Preceded by David L. Boren
Succeeded by Henry Bellmon
In office
January 6 – 14, 1963
Lieutenant Vacant
Preceded by J. Howard Edmondson
Succeeded by Henry Bellmon
8th & 10th Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma
In office
January 9, 1967 – January 3, 1979
Governor Dewey F. Bartlett
David Hall
David L. Boren
Preceded by Leo Winters
Succeeded by Spencer Bernard
In office
January 12, 1959 – January 6, 1963
Governor J. Howard Edmondson
Preceded by Cowboy Pink Williams
Succeeded by Leo Winters
18th President of the University of Central Oklahoma
In office
July 1, 1992 – June 30, 1997
Preceded by Bill Lillard
Succeeded by W. Roger Webb
Member of the Oklahoma House of Representatives
In office
1951-1959
Personal details
Born (1927-06-09) June 9, 1927 (age 89)
McAlester, Oklahoma
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Donna Nigh
Residence Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Alma mater East Central State College
Profession Politician
Religion Presbyterianism
Military service
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch  United States Navy
Years of service 1945–1946
Battles/wars World War II

George Patterson Nigh (born June 9, 1927), is an American politician and civic leader from the U.S. state of Oklahoma. Nigh served as the 17th and the 22nd Governor of Oklahoma. He was the first Oklahoma governor to be re-elected and the first to win all 77 counties in the state. Additionally, short term vacancies in the governor's office twice resulted in Nigh assuming gubernatorial duties while serving as lieutenant governor.

Nigh served on the board of directors of JC Penney and as President of the University of Central Oklahoma after leaving the office of governor. Currently he is a director and public relations advisor for International Bank of Commerce. Prior to holding statewide offices, he worked as a teacher and legislator.

Early life and career[edit]

Nigh was born in McAlester, Oklahoma, and was the son of Wilbur R. and Irene Crockett Nigh. He served in the United States Navy from 1945 to 1946 and graduated from East Central State College in Ada, Oklahoma in 1951.[1]

Political career[edit]

Nigh in 1972, during his time as Lieutenant Governor

From 1951 to 1959, he alternated between service in the Oklahoma House of Representatives, and as a teacher in McAlester public schools. During his tenure in the state legislature, he introduced legislation designating "Oklahoma!" as the state song.[2]

Nigh ran for Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma in 1958; he finished second in the Democratic primary behind Cowboy Pink Williams with 80,727 votes (18.77%) to Williams' 176,171 votes (40.97%).[3] Nigh defeated Williams in the runoff with 302,050 votes (61.32%) to 190,530 (38.68%).[4] Williams himself had finished second behind incumbent Lieutenant Governor James E. Berry in the 1954 Democratic primary, before besting him in the runoff. In the general election, Nigh beat Republican George B. Sherritt in a landslide by 384,431 votes (76.86%) to 100,068 (20.01%).[5] Nigh served from January 12, 1959 to January 3, 1963.[2] Taking office at age 31, he became the youngest lieutenant governor in the United States.[2]

Democratic Governor J. Howard Edmondson was term-limited in the 1962 election, so Nigh ran to succeed him. He came fourth in the Democratic primary with 84,404 votes (15.80%), behind National Commander of the American Legion Preston J. Moore, businessman W. P. Atkinson and former Governor Raymond Gary.[6] Atkinson went on to win the runoff and lose the general election to Republican Henry Louis Bellmon, but Nigh would get a chance to serve as governor. Democratic U.S. Senator Robert S. Kerr died in office on 1 January 1963 and Edmondson resigned his office 5 days later; Nigh succeeded him as governor and appointed him to the vacant Senate seat.

Nigh ran for Lieutenant Governor again in 1966. He was unopposed in the Democratic primary in this and his re-election efforts, winning in 1966 with 328,580 votes (51.50%); in 1970 with 382,249 votes (57.41%) and in 1974 with 545,686 votes (72.36%).[7][8][9] Nigh served as the tenth lieutenant governor from January 9, 1967 to January 3, 1979, making him the second longest-serving Oklahoma lieutenant governor in state history with 16 years of service.[1]

Nigh ran for Governor again in 1978. He came first in the Democratic primary with 276,910 votes (49.94%), narrowly short of avoiding a runoff against Oklahoma Attorney General Larry Derryberry, who took 208,055 votes (37.53%).[10] However, in the runoff, Nigh defeated him easily, with 269,681 votes (57.73%) to Derryberry's 197,457 (42.27%).[11] Nigh defeated Republican Ron Shotts in the general election with 402,240 votes (51.74%) to Shotts'367,055 (47.22%).[12] Nigh took office five days early, as a result of outgoing Governor David L. Boren's swearing-in as a U.S. Senator. He ran for a second term in 1982, defeating token opposition in the Democratic primary with 379,301 votes (82.63%)[13] and beating Republican State Auditor Tom Daxon in the general election by 548,159 votes (62.07%) to 332,207 (37.62%),[14] carrying all 77 of the state's counties. At the inaugural address for his second full term, Nigh quoted the Pogo comic strip "We have found the enemy, and he is us."

Executive Branch Reform Act of 1986[edit]

Governor Nigh appointed the Nigh Commission to recommend changes to state government.[1] During his two consecutive terms of office, Nigh signed the Executive Branch Reform Act of 1986, which reorganized the executive branch into agency function categories, although stopping short of consolidation, of the more than 250 agencies, boards, and commissions.[1] Nigh also signed into law the Oklahoma Franchise Tax Code, which established the franchise tax in Oklahoma.[1]

Other accomplishments[edit]

Nigh is also credited with increasing the numbers of minorities serving on state boards and commissions, as well as management of state agencies. He appointed the first two women, Yvonne Kauger and Alma Wilson to serve as Justices of the Oklahoma Supreme Court.[15]

Later life[edit]

Following his term as governor, he served as President of the University of Central Oklahoma from 1992 to 1997. During his tenure, Nigh supervised construction projects that transformed the institution from a mostly commuter institution to much more of a regional university with residential dormitories.

Nigh had remained a bachelor until after he left public office. He then met and married Donna Washburn, who had a young son. The Nighs later had a daughter.[15]

In 1990, he was inducted into the Oklahoma CareerTech Hall of Fame[2] and in 1992, he received the Jim Thorpe Lifetime Achievement Award. From November, 2005 to April, 2006, he served as Interim Director of the Oklahoma Department of Tourism and Recreation, during the agency's search for a permanent director.

Nigh and his wife Donna appeared in walk-on roles in episode # 19 of the NBC soap opera Texas (playing themselves as Governor and First Lady of Oklahoma). The episode aired in August 1980. Cast member Lisby Larson (Paige Marshall) serenaded the couple with a rendition of "Oklahoma!"

On April 28, 2010, Nigh and his wife were robbed at gunpoint in the driveway of their northwest Oklahoma City home. They were uninjured, though Nigh's wallet was taken. No suspect has been found.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Governor George P. Nigh, 100 Years of Oklahoma Governors (accessed May 27, 2013)
  2. ^ a b c d George Nigh CareerTech Hall of Fame Bio (accessed June 30, 2013)
  3. ^ "Our Campaigns - OK Lt. Governor - D Primary Race - Jul 01, 1958". Retrieved 7 September 2016. 
  4. ^ "Our Campaigns - OK Lt. Governor - D Runoff Race - Jul 22, 1958". Retrieved 7 September 2016. 
  5. ^ "Our Campaigns - OK Lt. Governor Race - Nov 04, 1958". Retrieved 7 September 2016. 
  6. ^ "Our Campaigns - OK Governor - D Primary Race - May 01, 1962". Retrieved 7 September 2016. 
  7. ^ "Our Campaigns - OK Lt. Governor Race - Nov 08, 1966". Retrieved 7 September 2016. 
  8. ^ "Our Campaigns - OK Lt. Governor Race - Nov 03, 1970". Retrieved 7 September 2016. 
  9. ^ "Our Campaigns - OK Lt. Governor Race - Nov 05, 1974". Retrieved 7 September 2016. 
  10. ^ "Our Campaigns - OK Governor - D Primary Race - Aug 22, 1978". Retrieved 7 September 2016. 
  11. ^ "Our Campaigns - OK Governor - D Runoff Race - Sep 19, 1978". Retrieved 7 September 2016. 
  12. ^ "Our Campaigns - OK Governor Race - Nov 07, 1978". Retrieved 7 September 2016. 
  13. ^ "Our Campaigns - OK Governor - D Primary Race - Aug 24, 1982". Retrieved 7 September 2016. 
  14. ^ "Our Campaigns - OK Governor Race - Nov 02, 1982". Retrieved 7 September 2016. 
  15. ^ a b Burke, Bob. "Nigh, George Patterson (1927 - )." Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture Accessed July 14, 2016.
  16. ^ Saylor, Ryan. "Former #OKGov #GeorgeNigh robbed at gunpoint" Midnight PoliticsApril 29, 2010. Retrieved 04-29-10. Archived July 14, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Cowboy Pink Williams
Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma
January 12, 1959–January 3, 1963
Succeeded by
Leo Winters
Preceded by
J. Howard Edmondson
Governor of Oklahoma
January 3, 1963-January 14, 1963
Succeeded by
Henry Bellmon
Preceded by
Leo Winters
Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma
January 9, 1967–January 8, 1979
Succeeded by
Spencer Bernard
Preceded by
David Boren
Governor of Oklahoma
January 8, 1979–January 12, 1987
Succeeded by
Henry Bellmon
Party political offices
Preceded by
David L. Boren
Democratic nominee for Governor of Oklahoma
1978, 1982
Succeeded by
David Walters